Tan Yankai

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Tan Yankai
Tan Yankai.jpg
1st Chairman of the National Government of China
In office
7 February 1928 – 10 October 1928
Preceded by Zhang Zuolin
Succeeded by Chiang Kai-shek
Personal details
Born 25 January 1880
Hangzhou, Qing Empire
Died 22 September 1930(1930-09-22) (aged 50)
Nanking, Republic of China
Nationality  Republic of China
Political party Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang
Tan Yankai
Traditional Chinese 譚延闓
Simplified Chinese 谭延闿

Tan Yankai ([tʰǎn jɛ̌n kʰài]; Chinese: 譚延闓; January 25, 1880 – September 22, 1930) was a Chinese politician.


Former residence of Tan Yankai in Nanjing.

Tan Yankai was born on 25 January 1880 in Hangzhou during the waning decades of the Qing dynasty. A member of Liang Qichao's Constitutionalist Party, he campaigned for a parliament and restrained monarchy. As the party renamed itself the Progressive Party after the Xinhai Revolution, he was a major leader.

He left and joined the Kuomintang and became military governor of his home province. He remained neutral during Sun Yatsen's attempt to overthrow President Yuan Shikai in the 1913 Second Revolution, but Yuan removed him anyway. He returned to power after Yuan's death and led his province into resisting the Beiyang Army in 1917's Constitutional Protection War, which saved Sun's Guangdong base. After a brief attempt at spearheading federalism, his subordinates forced him to resign. When Chen Jiongming was driven out of Guangzhou, Tan was made home minister by Sun.

He served as Chairman of the National Government during the first half of the Northern Expedition and again during its conclusion. He was a member of Wang Jingwei's Wuhan faction and was the first internationally recognized head of state of the Nanjing-based Kuomintang government. The United States was the first major power to give recognition on October 1, 1928, though they had already given de facto recognition back in July. After the Organic Law came to effect on the Double Ten Day, he was succeeded by Chiang Kai-shek. Tan then became premier, a post he would hold until he died in office.


He is entombed in the grounds of the Linggu Temple, near the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing.

Personal life

His daughter, Tan Xiang, married Chen Cheng.

See also

Political offices
Preceded by
Chiang Kai-shek
Chairman of the National Government
Succeeded by
Chiang Kai-shek
Preceded by
Zhang Zuolin
Internationally recognized head of state
Succeeded by
Chiang Kai-shek
Preceded by
Pan Fu
Premier of the Republic of China
Succeeded by
T. V. Soong
Educational offices
Chen Shufan (陈树藩)
President of Hunan First Normal University
September 1905-November 1906
Liu Renxi (刘人熙)
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