Talladega, Alabama

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Talladega, Alabama
City
Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District
Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District
Location of Talladega in Talladega County, Alabama.
Location of Talladega in Talladega County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 33°26′5″N 86°6′5″W / 33.43472°N 86.10139°W / 33.43472; -86.10139Coordinates: 33°26′5″N 86°6′5″W / 33.43472°N 86.10139°W / 33.43472; -86.10139
Country United States
State Alabama
County Talladega
Government
 • Mayor Jerry Cooper
Area[1]
 • Total 25.59 sq mi (66.27 km2)
 • Land 25.50 sq mi (66.06 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 558 ft (170 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 15,676
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 15,451
 • Density 605.83/sq mi (233.91/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 35160-35161
Area code(s) 256/938.
FIPS code 01-74592
GNIS feature ID 0160707
Website www.talladega.com

Talladega /ˌtæləˈdɪɡə/ is a city in Talladega County, Alabama, United States. It was incorporated in 1835.[4] At the 2010 census the population was 15,676.[5] The city is the county seat of Talladega County.[6] Talladega is approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of Birmingham.

The city is home to the Alabama Institute for the Deaf and Blind and the Talladega Municipal Airport, a public general aviation airport. The Talladega Superspeedway, Talladega College and the International Motorsports Hall of Fame are located nearby. The First National Bank of Talladega is the oldest bank in the State of Alabama, being founded in 1848.

The name Talladega is derived from a Muscogee (Creek) Native American word Tvlvtēke, from the Creek tvlwv, meaning "town", and vtēke, meaning "border" – indicating its location on the border between the Creeks and the Natchez.[7] While the town's name is pronounced /ˌtæləˈdɪɡə/ by local inhabitants, the racetrack's name is pronounced /ˌtæləˈdɡə/ by auto racing fans.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.1 square miles (62.3 km2), of which 24.0 square miles (62.1 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.30%, is water.[5]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Talladega has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,320
1870 1,933
1880 1,233 −36.2%
1890 2,063 67.3%
1900 5,056 145.1%
1910 5,854 15.8%
1920 6,546 11.8%
1930 7,596 16.0%
1940 9,298 22.4%
1950 13,134 41.3%
1960 17,742 35.1%
1970 17,662 −0.5%
1980 19,128 8.3%
1990 18,175 −5.0%
2000 15,143 −16.7%
2010 15,676 3.5%
Est. 2016 15,451 [3] −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2013 Estimate[10]

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,143 people, 5,836 households, and 3,962 families residing in the city. The population density was 634.4 people per square mile (244.9/km²). There were 6,457 housing units at an average density of 270.5 per square mile (104.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.15% White, 42.28% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,836 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,617, and the median income for a family was $36,296. Males had a median income of $27,951 versus $21,326 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,733. About 14.1% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 15,676 people, 5,719 households, and 3,722 families residing in the city. The population density was 653.2 people per square mile (252.4/km²). There were 6,611 housing units at an average density of 275.5 per square mile (106.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 48.7% Black or African American, 47.7% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 3.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,719 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 23.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,449, and the median income for a family was $38,147. Males had a median income of $31,957 versus $24,209 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,146. About 22.7% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.8% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over.

Landmarks and places of interest

Talladega includes a number of properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the J. L. M. Curry House and Swayne Hall, both listed as National Historic Landmarks.[11][12] The main listed historic districts are the Silk Stocking District, which includes the Dr. Samuel Welch House, Talladega College Historic District, and Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District.[13] Also included is the Talladega Superspeedway, which is a 2.66 miles (4.28 km) long race track. It hosts two NASCAR races annually.

Notable people

The Talladega Municipal Airport was renamed "Boswell Field" in honor of Eastaboga, Alabama resident Lewis Archer Boswell. Local legend has it that Boswell made the first successful flight, before the Wright Brothers.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 17, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ Herbert J. "Jim" Lewis, Birmingham, Alabama. "Talladega". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 2016-07-25. 
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Talladega city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Joel A. Nevis, From Arbacoochee to Yazoo: Conjuring Up Consonants In Muskogean Place-Names Of The South' (New York City, 2006), p. 8, http://www.geocities.ws/joelnevis/Nevis_2006.pdf
  8. ^ "Talladega, Alabama Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2016-07-25. 
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Curry, J. L. M., Home". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  12. ^ "Swayne Hall, Talladega College". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  13. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  14. ^ "Alabama Governor William Woodward Brandon". National Governors Association. Retrieved Aug 29, 2013. 

External links

  • City of Talladega official website
  • Talladega in the Encyclopedia of Alabama
  • Wikisource-logo.svg "Talladega, a city and the capital of Talladega co., Alabama". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  • Wikisource-logo.svg "Talladega". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 
  • Wikisource-logo.svg "Talladega, Ala.". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914. 
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