Tal-Qadi Temple

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tal-Qadi Temple
Malta - Naxxar - Triq l-Imdawra - Tal-Qadi Temple 09 ies.jpg
Ruins at Tal-Qadi
Location Salina, Malta
Coordinates 35°56′11.96″N 14°25′13.74″E / 35.9366556°N 14.4204833°E / 35.9366556; 14.4204833
Type Temple
Part of Megalithic Temples of Malta
History
Material Limestone
Founded c.4000 BC (earliest remains)
c.3300–3000 BC (temple)
Periods Tarxien phase
Tarxien Cemetery phase
Site notes
Excavation dates 1927–1952
Archaeologists Themistocles Zammit
L. Upton Way
Condition Poorly preserved ruins
Ownership Government of Malta
Public access Yes

Tal-Qadi Temple is a megalithic temple in Salina, limits of Naxxar, Malta. It is in a very bad state of preservation, with only the temple's general outline still visible.

Site

The site of Tal-Qadi was possibly in use around 4000 BC, during the Ġgantija phase of Maltese prehistory, but the temple itself was built during the Tarxien phase between 3300 and 3000 BC. The temple continued to be used during the Tarxien Cemetery phase, since pottery sherds from that era have been found.

Tal-Qadi is the only temple in Malta which is orientated to the north-east. Most other temples face the south or south-east, but in the case of Tal-Qadi this would not have been possible since there is a steep slope in that direction.[1]

Today, the temple is in poor condition, with few remains visible apart from its general outline. The remains of a central area and two apses can still be seen. The temple probably contained another two apses, giving it a four-apse shape which was typical of the late temple period. No traces of the temple's façade exist.[2]

Excavation and recent history

The scattered remains of the temple, spread out on an upper and a lower field, were discovered by Henry Sant, a government civil engineer, in 1916. The area was excavated in 1927 by Themistocles Zammit and L. Upton Way. According to Zammit, years before the identification of the temple, the tenant of the site had destroyed a group of upright stones. These might have been the remains of the temple's missing façade or its outer casing.[3]

During the excavations, a broken globigerina limestone slab showing five sections separated by lines, and incised with star-like figures and a crescent shape in the middle (possibly representing the moon) was found. This slab possibly was a star map or a moon calendar.[3] It is now located in the National Museum of Archaeology in Valletta.[4]

The remains of the temple were surveyed and mapped in 1952.[5]

Full history

  • Full history p. 36-44.

References

  1. ^ "Tal-Qadi Ancient Temple". megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Tal-Qadi Temple" (PDF). National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Micallef, Chris. "The Tal-Qadi temple - Brief History of the Tal-Qadi temple". ZechariaSitchin.com. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  4. ^ Hamer, Colin James. "The Tal 'Qadi Stone in Malta's National Museum of Archaeology". beautytruegood.co.uk. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "Tal-Qadi". web.infinito.it. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 

External links

  • National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tal-Qadi_Temple&oldid=786741639"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tal-Qadi_Temple
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Tal-Qadi Temple"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA