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Taj-ul-Masjid, Bhopal.jpg
Basic information
Location Bhopal, India
Geographic coordinates 23°15′47″N 77°23′34″E / 23.262934°N 77.392802°E / 23.262934; 77.392802Coordinates: 23°15′47″N 77°23′34″E / 23.262934°N 77.392802°E / 23.262934; 77.392802
Affiliation Islam
Branch/tradition Hanafi Deobandi
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Mughal
Funded by Sultan Shah Jahan, Begum of Bhopal Bahadur Shah Zafar
Capacity 175,000+
Interior area 400,000 m2 (4,300,000 sq ft)[1]
Dome(s) 3
Minaret(s) 2

Taj-ul-Masajid is a mosque situated in Bhopal, India. The name is also spelt as Taj-ul-Masjid. However the correct name is Taj-ul-Masajid and not Taj-ul-Masjid.[citation needed] "Masajid" means "mosques" (Plural of "masjid") and "Taj-ul-Masajid" literally means "Crown Among Mosques". It is the largest mosque in India and one of the largest mosques in Asia's.[2]


The construction of the Mosque was initiated during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar by Nawab Shah Jahan Begum (1844–1860 and 1868–1901) of Bhopal (Wife of Baqi Mohammad Khan) and continued to be built by her daughter Sultan Jahan Begum, till her lifetime. The mosque was not completed due to lack of funds, and after a long lay-off after the War of 1857, construction was resumed in 1971 by great efforts of Allama Mohammad Imran Khan Nadwi Azhari and Maulana Sayed Hashmat Ali Sahab of Bhopal. The construction was completed by 1985 and the entrance (eastern) gate was renovated grandly using ancient motifs from circa 1250 Syrian mosques by the contribution of the Emir of Kuwait to commemorate the memory of his departed wife.


The Mosque has a pink facade topped by two 18-storey high octagonal minarets with marble domes. The Mosque also has three huge bulbous domes, an impressive main hallway with attractive pillars and marble flooring resembling Mughal architecture the likes of Jama Masjid in Delhi and the huge Badshahi Mosque of Lahore. It has a courtyard with a large tank in the centre. It has a double-storeyed gateway with four recessed archways and nine cusped multifold openings in the main prayer hall. The Quibla wall in the prayer hall is carved with eleven recessed arches and has fine screens of trellis work. The massive pillars in the hall hold 27 ceilings through squinted arches of which 16 ceilings are decorated with ornate petaled designs.

Annual congregation

Madrasah in Taj-ul-Masjid

Aalmi Tablighi Ijtima is an annual three-day congregation that draws people from all over the world. It was held at Taj-ul-Masajid until it was shifted to Islam Nagar outside the city due to shortage of space.Citation needed



  1. ^ McCrohan, Daniel (2010). "The search for the world's smallest mosque". Lonely Planet. 
  2. ^ "Taj-ul-Masajid". bhopal.nic.in. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
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