Taiwanese Hakka

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Taiwanese Hakka
toiˇ vanˇ hagˋ gaˊ ngiˊ / toiˇ vanˇ hagˋ fa
Thòi-vàn Hak-kâ-ngî / Thòi-vàn Hak-fa
Pronunciation 臺灣客話
Sixian: [tʰoi˩˩ van˩˩ hak̚˨ fa˥˥]
Hailu: [tʰoi˥˥ van˥˥ hak̚˨ fa˩˩]
Dapu: [tʰoi˧˧ van˩˩˧ kʰak̚˨˩ fa˥˧]
Raoping: [tʰoi˧˧ van˥˥ kʰak̚˥ fa˨˦]
Zhao'an: [tʰai˧˧ ban˥˧ kʰa˥˥ su˥˥]
Native to Taiwan
Region Taoyuan, Miaoli, Hsinchu, Pingtung, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Nantou, Changhua, Yunlin, Yilan, Hualien and Taitung
Native speakers
(2,370,000 cited 1993)[1]
Latin (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ), Han characters (traditional)
Official status
Official language in
Recognised minority
language in
Taiwan (de facto status as one of the statutory languages for public transport announcements[citation needed] and for the naturalization test;[2] government sponsor of Hakka-language television station)
Regulated by Hakka Affairs Council
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6 htia
Glottolog None
Linguasphere 79-AAA-gap
Taiwanese Hakka usage map in 2010.svg
Proportion of residents aged 6 or older using Hakka at home in Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen & Matsu in 2010

Taiwanese Hakka is a group of Hakka dialects spoken in Taiwan, and mainly used by people of Hakka ancestry. Taiwanese Hakka is divided into five main dialects: Sixian (四縣腔), Hailu (海陸腔), Dabu (大埔腔), Raoping (饒平腔), and Zhao'an (詔安腔).[3] The most widely spoken of the five Hakka dialects in Taiwan are Sixian and Hailu.[4] The former, possessing 6 tones, originates from Meizhou, Guangdong, and is mainly spoken in Miaoli, Pingtung and Kaohsiung, while the latter, possessing 7 tones, originates from Haifeng and Lufeng, Guangdong, and is concentrated around Hsinchu.[3][4]

Hakka-related tourist attractions in Taiwan

See also


  1. ^ Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2017). "Chinese, Hakka". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (20th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  2. ^ Article 6 of the Standards for Identification of Basic Language Abilities and General Knowledge of the Rights and Duties of Naturalized Citizens
  3. ^ a b "Amazing Hakka". Hakka Affairs Council. 2010-12-29. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Chapter 2: People and Language" (PDF). The Republic of China Yearbook 2010. Government Information Office, Republic of China (Taiwan). p. 42. ISBN 9789860252781. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-05.

External links

  • 臺灣客家語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Hakka] (in Chinese). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2016.
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