Tabula Capuana

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The Tabula Capuana
Recent image in the Altes Museum, Berlin

The Tabula Capuana (Tegola di Capua, Tablet from Capua),[1] is an ancient terracotta slab, 60 by 50 centimeters, with a long inscribed text, apparently a ritual calendar,[2] of which about 390 words are legible. It is now in Berlin. It is the second most extensive surviving Etruscan text.

Horizontal scribed lines divide the text into ten sections. The writing is most similar to that used in Campania in the mid 5th century BC, though surely the text being transcribed is much older. It is an archaic ten-month year beginning in March (Etruscan Velxitna).

Attempts at deciphering the text (Mauro Cristofani, 1995) are most generally based on the supposition that it prescribes certain rites on certain days of the year at certain places for certain deities. The text itself was edited by Francesco Roncalli, in Scrivere etrusco 1985.[3]

The tablet was uncovered in 1898 in the burial ground of Santa Maria Capua Vetere.[4]

The first longest is the linen book (Liber Linteus) used in ancient Egypt for mummy wrappings, now at Zagreb.

The third longest Etruscan inscription now is the cast bronze inscription found at Cortona in 1992, the Tabula Cortonensis.)[5]

References

  1. ^ Mauro Cristofani (1995). Tabula Capuana. L.S. Olschki.
  2. ^ Jörg Rüpke (4 February 2011). The Roman Calendar from Numa to Constantine: Time, History, and the Fasti. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 12–. ISBN 978-1-4443-9652-2.
  3. ^ Scrivere etrusco: dalla leggenda alla conoscenza, scrittura e letteratura nei massimi documenti della lingua etrusca. Electa editrice. 1985.
  4. ^ Sinclair Bell; Alexandra A. Carpino (9 December 2015). A Companion to the Etruscans. Wiley. pp. 210–. ISBN 978-1-118-35498-8.
  5. ^ Jean MacIntosh Turfa (26 June 2013). The Etruscan World. Routledge. pp. 314–. ISBN 978-1-134-05523-4.


External links

  • Basic information, adopted for this entry; photograph (Italian)
  • Curtun (Modern Cortona)
  • Full Etruscan text and translation into Italian
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