Table of prophets of Abrahamic religions

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This is a table containing prophets of the modern Abrahamic religions.[1][2]

Table of prophets in Abrahamic religions

Judaism Christianity Islam Bahá'í Faith
Adam Adam[3][4] Adam[5]
Abel Abel (Hābīl)[6]
Kenan[7]
Enoch Enoch[8] Enoch (Idris)[9][10] Idrís (Enoch/Hermes Trismegistus)[11]
Krishna[12][13]
Noah[14] Noah[14] Noah (Nuh)[9][15] Noah[5]
Eber[16] Hud [9][17] Húd[5]
Saleh[9][18] Sálih[5]
Zoroaster (Zartosht)[19]
Abraham[20][21] Abraham[21] Abraham (ʾIbrāhīm)[9][22] Abraham (Ibráhím)[19]
Sarah[20]
Ishmael (Ismā'īl)[9][23] Ishmael[5]
Isaac[24] Isaac[24] Isaac (ʾIsḥāq)[9][25] Isaac[5]
Jacob[20][26] Jacob[26] Jacob (Yaqub)[9][25] Jacob[5]
Joseph[20][27] Joseph[27] Joseph (Yusuf)[9][28] Joseph[5]
Lot Lot (Lut)[9][29] Lut
Job[20] Job Job (Ayub)[9][28] Job[5]
Jeduthun Jeduthun[20]
Asaph/Asoph
Ruth Ruth
Shoaib[9][30] Shu'aib[5]
Bithiah[31]
Aaron[20][32] Aaron[32] Aaron (Harun)[9][33] Aaron[34]
Miriam[20][35] Miriam[35]
Moses[20][36] Moses[36] Moses (Musa)[9][37] Moses[19]
Joshua[20][38] Joshua/Josue[38] Joshua (Yusha Bin Nun)[9][39]
Phinehas Phinehas
Deborah[20][40] Deborah[40]
Gideon Gideon (Eastern Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic)
Eli[41]
Elkanah[42]
Hannah[20]
Samuel[20][43] Samuel[43] Samuel (Syamuil)[44][9]
King David[20] David[45] David (Daud)[9][15] David[5]
Abigail[20]
King Solomon[46] Solomon[46] Solomon (Sulayman)[9][15] Solomon[5]
Ahijah HaShiloni[47] Ahijah HaShiloni[47]
Hezekiah
Mordecai[48]
Eliphaz (the Temanite)[49]
Bildad (the Shuhite)[49]
Zophar (the Naamathite)[49]
Elihu (the Buzite)[49]
Beor[49]
Balaam[20]
Gad[20][50] Gad[50]
Nathan[20][51] Nathan[51]
Shemaiah[20][52] Shemaiah[52]
Hanani[20][53] Hanani[53]
Jehu[20][54] Jehu[54]
Jahaziel[55] Jahaziel/Chaziel[55]
Eliezer[56] Eliezer[56]
Ahiyah[57] Ahiyah[57]
Iddo[20][58] Iddo[58]
Micaiah[20][59] Micaiah[59]
Obadiah[20][60] Obadiah/Abdias[60]
Oded[20][61] Oded[61]
Azariah[62] Azariah[62]
Ezra (Arabian Peninsula only, formerly) Ezra/Esdras[63] Ezra (Uzair)[9][64]
Nehemiah/Nechemia
Hosea[20][65] Hosea/Osee[65]
Huldah[20][66] Huldah[66]
Amos[20][67] Amos[67]
Micah[20][68] Micah/Micheas[68]
Amoz
Elijah[20][69] Elijah[69] Elijah (Ilyas)[9] Elias[5]
Elisha[20][70] Elisha[70] Elisha (Al-Yasa)[9][15]
Jonah[20][71] Jonah/Jonas[71] Jonah (Yunus)[9][15] Jonas
Isaiah[20][72] Isaiah/Isaias [72] Isaiah[9] Isaiah[5]
Jeremiah[20][73] Jeremiah/Jeremias [73] Jeremiah[9] Jeremiah[5]
Zephaniah[20][74] Zephaniah/Sophonias[74]
Nahum[75] Nahum[75]
Habakkuk[20][76] Habakkuk/Habacuc[76]
Ezekiel[20][77] Ezekiel/Ezechiel [77] Ezekiel (Dhul-Kifl)[9][78] Ezekiel[5]
Uriah[20][79] Uriah[79]
Baruch ben Neriah[80] Baruch ben Neriah[80]
Neriah Neriah
Seraiah[81] Seraiah[81]
Haggai[20][82] Haggai/Aggeus[82]
Zechariah[20][83] Zechariah/Zacharias [83]
Malachi[20][84] Malachi/Malachias[84]
Esther[20] Esther
Joel[20][85] Joel[85][86] Joel[5]
Daniel[87] Daniel (Daniyal)[9][88] Daniel[5]
Zechariah (the Priest)[89] Zechariah (Zakariya)[9][15] Zechariah[5]
John (the Baptist)[90] John (the Baptist) (Yahya)[9][91] John (the Baptist)[5]
Jesus of Nazareth[92] Isa (Jesus of Nazareth)[9][93] Jesus of Nazareth[19]
John of Patmos (except Syriac Orthodox Church)
Muhammad[9][94] Muhammad[19]
Joseph Smith (Mormonism)
Báb[95]
Bahá'u'lláh[95]
Ellen G. White (Seventh-day Adventistism)

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "ENOCH - JewishEncyclopedia.com". www.jewishencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  2. ^ In Judaism and Islam the classification of some people as prophets includes those who are not explicitly called so in the Hebrew Bible or Quran. Judaism also uses religious texts other than the Hebrew Bible to define prophets. Moreover, Orthodox rabbis use different criteria for classifying someone as a prophet, e.g. Enoch is not considered a prophet in Judaism. The New Testament may call someone a prophet even though they are not so classified in the Hebrew Bible; for example, Abel, Daniel, and Enoch are described in the New Testament as prophets.
  3. ^ Quran 2:31
  4. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 15.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t May, Dann J (December 1993). "The Bahá'í Principle of Religious Unity and the Challenge of Radical Pluralism". University of North Texas, Denton, Texas: 102. Retrieved 2010-01-02.  |contribution= ignored (help)
  6. ^ Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation, Commentary, Yusuf Ali, note. 57: "The slaying of the prophets begins with the murder of Abel, who was in the ancestry of Israel."
  7. ^ The Talmud: Selections: Part First: Biblical History: Chapter I. From Cain and Abel to the Destruction of Babel's Tower
  8. ^ Jude 1:14
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Noegel & Wheeler 2010, pp. 365–6.
  10. ^ Quran 19:56
  11. ^ Hermes Trismegistus and Apollonius of Tyana in the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh by Keven Brown, Published in Revisioning the Sacred: New Perspectives on a Bahá'í Theology, Studies in the Babi and Baha'i Religions vol. 8, pages 153-187, Kalimat Press, 1997, ISBN 0-933770-96-0
  12. ^ Smith, Peter (2000). "Manifestations of God". A Concise Encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. p. 231. ISBN 1-85168-184-1. 
  13. ^ Esslemont, J. E. (1980). Bahá'u'lláh and the New Era (5th ed.). Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. p. 2. ISBN 0-87743-160-4. 
  14. ^ a b Genesis 7:1
  15. ^ a b c d e f Quran 6:89
  16. ^ Bereishit - Chapter 10 - Genesis
  17. ^ Quran 26:125
  18. ^ Quran 26:143
  19. ^ a b c d e Historical Context of the Bábi and Bahá'í Faiths
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 366.
  21. ^ a b Genesis 20:7
  22. ^ Quran 19:41
  23. ^ Quran 19:54
  24. ^ a b Genesis 21:1–35:29
  25. ^ a b Quran 19:49
  26. ^ a b Genesis 28:11-16
  27. ^ a b Genesis 37:5–11
  28. ^ a b Quran 4:89
  29. ^ Quran 6:86
  30. ^ Quran 26:178
  31. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Sotah 12
  32. ^ a b Exodus 7:2
  33. ^ Quran 19:53
  34. ^ Bahá'í World Faith—Selected Writings of Bahá'u'lláh and 'Abdu'l-Bahá ('Abdu'l-Bahá's Section Only), Author: 'Abdu'l-Bahá, US Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1976 edition, p. 270
  35. ^ a b Exodus 15:20
  36. ^ a b Deuteronomy 34:10
  37. ^ Quran 19:51
  38. ^ a b Joshua 1:1
  39. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 178. "Joshua i not mentioned by name in the Quaran, but the exegetes ... see him as the prophetic successor to Moses."
  40. ^ a b Judges 4:4
  41. ^ 1 Samuel 1:9–4:18
  42. ^ 1 Samuel 1:1–2:20
  43. ^ a b 1 Samuel 3:20
  44. ^ Quran 2:246–2526:89
  45. ^ Hebrews 11:32
  46. ^ a b 1Kings 3:5
  47. ^ a b 1 Kings 11:29
  48. ^ Book of Esther
  49. ^ a b c d e Babylonian Talmud, Baba Bathra 15
  50. ^ a b 1 Samuel 22:5
  51. ^ a b 2 Samuel 7:2
  52. ^ a b 1 Kings 12:22
  53. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 16:7
  54. ^ a b 1 Kings 16:7
  55. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 20:14
  56. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 20:37
  57. ^ a b 1 Kings 11:29–30; 12:15; 14:2–18; 15:29
  58. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 13:22
  59. ^ a b 1 Kings 22:9
  60. ^ a b Obadiah 1:1
  61. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 28:9
  62. ^ a b 2 Chronicles 15:8
  63. ^ Book of Ezra
  64. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 116. "Muslim exegesis on Q 9:30 explains that Ezra was one of the Israelite prophets coming between Solomon and John the Baptist."
  65. ^ a b Book of Hosea 1:1
  66. ^ a b 2 Kings 22:14
  67. ^ a b Amos 7:14-15
  68. ^ a b Micah 1:1
  69. ^ a b 1 Kings 18:36
  70. ^ a b 2 Kings 9:1
  71. ^ a b 2 Kings 14:25
  72. ^ a b 2 Kings 19:2
  73. ^ a b Jeremiah 20:2
  74. ^ a b Zephaniah 1:1
  75. ^ a b Nahum 1:1
  76. ^ a b Habakkuk 1:1
  77. ^ a b Ezekiel 1:3
  78. ^ Quran 21:85–86
  79. ^ a b Jeremiah 26:20
  80. ^ a b Jeremiah 32, 36, 43, 45
  81. ^ a b Jeremiah 51:61-64
  82. ^ a b Haggai 1:1
  83. ^ a b Zechariah 1:1
  84. ^ a b Malachi 1:1
  85. ^ a b Book of Joel
  86. ^ Acts 2:16
  87. ^ Matthew 24:15
  88. ^ Noegel & Wheeler 2010, p. 75. "Daniel is not mentioned by name in the Quran, nor are any passages identified by Muslim exegetes as relating to him, but there are accounts of his prophethood in later Muslim literature."
  89. ^ Православный церковный календарь. Имена святых, упоминаемые в месяцеслове. Имена мужские. З — Захария (Праведный) (in Russian)
  90. ^ Православный церковный календарь. Имена святых, упоминаемые в месяцеслове. Имена мужские. И — Иоанн (Пророк, Предтеча и Креститель Господень) (in Russian)
  91. ^ Quran 3:39
  92. ^ John 6
  93. ^ Quran 19:30
  94. ^ Quran 33:40
  95. ^ a b The Báb, Forerunner of Bahá'u'lláh statement of Bahá'í International Community

Bibliography

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