TV Corvi

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TV Corvi
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Corvus
Right ascension 12h 20m 24.15s
Declination −18° 27′ 02.0″
Apparent magnitude (V) 13.0 - 19.5[1]
Characteristics
Spectral type CV
Other designations
TV Crv, Tombaugh's Star

TV Corvi, also known as Tombaugh's Star, is a dwarf nova of the SU Ursae Majoris type in the constellation Corvus that was first discovered by accident as a mysterious 12th magnitude star on a plate by Clyde Tombaugh while looking for remote planets on May 25 1932, before its identity was confirmed as a dwarf nova by David Levy in 1990.

Discovery

At 11 a.m. on May 25, 1932, Tombaugh noted the object on a photographic slide taken on March 23 1931. He took 362 plates of the area between 1930 and 1944 looking for planets beyond Neptune.[2] It was not visible on other slides and he suspected that it was a nova. He told his superior Carl Lampland but the discovery was not reported further. Variable star observer David Levy found out about the object while researching and writing Tombaugh's biography in 1988. He discovered a further nine outbursts after inspecting 260 photographic plates that spanned the next sixty years, and then set about watching the star. After almost 70 nights, he finally saw an outburst on March 23, 1990. He proposed naming the star Tombaugh's Star.[3]

Location

TV Corvi is unusual in that it lies far from the galactic plane, unlike most other cataclysmic variables.[4] In 1996, Howell and colleagues calculated it to lie 350 ± 250 parsecs distant from Earth.[5]

Properties

The system consists of a white dwarf and a donor companion which orbit around a common centre of gravity every 1.5096 hours (90.54 minutes).[6] The white dwarf sucks matter from the other star via its Roche lobe onto an accretion disc which is heated and changes viscosity before collapsing, typically reaching magnitude 13 in these outbursts and remaining near magnitude 19 when quiet.[1] In TV Corvi, these outbursts can be split into frequent eruptions and two types of less frequent supereruptions, behaviour found in a group of dwarf novae known as SU Ursae Majoris stars.[4] The AAVSO has recorded maxima as bright as visual magnitude 12.2.[7]

The donor star has been calculated to have only 10.8% the mass of the Sun.[6] It is now thought to be a brown dwarf; the distance between it and its white dwarf companion is less than the diameter of the Sun.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b Levy, David H.; Howell, Steve B.; Kreidl, Tobias J.; Skiff, Brian A.; Tombaugh, Clyde W. (1990). "The historical discovery and recent confirmation of a new cataclysmic variable in Corvus". Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 102: 1321. Bibcode:1990PASP..102.1321L. doi:10.1086/132767. 
  2. ^ Levy, David H.; Howell, Steve B.; Kreidl, Tobias J.; Skiff, Brian A.; Tombaugh, Clyde W. (1990). "The historical discovery and recent confirmation of a new cataclysmic variable in Corvus". Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Publications. 102: 1321–27. Bibcode:1990PASP..102.1321L. ISSN 0004-6280. doi:10.1086/132767. 
  3. ^ Levy, David H. (2000). "Tombaugh's Star: A Historical Tale of the Cataclysmic Variable TV Corvi". The Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers. 28 (1): 38–39. Bibcode:2000JAVSO..28...38L. 
  4. ^ a b c Levy, David H. (2015). "Some Personal Thoughts on TV Corvi" (PDF). JAAVSO. 43 (1): 102–04. Bibcode:2015JAVSO..43..102L. 
  5. ^ Howell (1996). "Photometric superoutburst observations of the short-period dwarf nova TV Corvi" (PDF). MNRAS. 282 (2): 623–30. Bibcode:1996MNRAS.282..623H. doi:10.1093/mnras/282.2.623. 
  6. ^ a b Knigge, Christian (2006). "The donor stars of cataclysmic variables". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 373 (2): 484–502. Bibcode:2006MNRAS.373..484K. arXiv:astro-ph/0609671Freely accessible. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.11096.x. 
  7. ^ "TV Corvi". International Variable Star Index. Retrieved 2017-01-29. 


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