TFF First League

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TFF First League
TFF 1.Lig logo.png
Founded 2001
Country Turkey
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Number of teams 18 (2016–17)
Level on pyramid 2
Promotion to Süper Lig
Relegation to 2. Lig
Domestic cup(s) Turkish Cup
TV partners beIN Sport Turkey
Website [1]
2018–19 TFF First League

The TFF First League is the second level of the Turkish football league system. The league was founded in 2001 as the Turkish Second League Category A after the reorganization of the Second Football League, which was the second level of the Turkish league system between 1963 and 2001. The league was called Türk Telekom Lig A in the 2006–2007 season, and was renamed to TFF First League prior to the 2007–08 season. As of 16 January 2008 the league was renamed as Bank Asya 1. Lig.[1][2] In April 2012 Bank Asya withdrew as sponsor of the league.[3] During the 2012-2016 seasons the league was known under the terms of a sponsorship deal as the PTT 1. Lig.[4] Nowadays the league is called the TFF First League once again.[5]

Before the 2005–06 season, the top three teams were promoted to Süper Lig and the bottom three teams were relegated to the Turkish Second League Category B. Since the 2005–06 season through 2008–09, the top two teams are directly promoted to the Süper Lig, the teams finishing 3rd through 6th competed in a play-off. The third-placed team played a match with the sixth-placed team, while the fourth-placed team played against the fifth-placed team. The winners of both matches then played against each other to decide the third team that was promoted. In 2009–10 the third team was determined by play-off group games, in which the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th teams of normal season played in a one-game league system in a neutral venue. In 2010–11 play-off status changed again and elimination match system came back but this time on a two match (home and away) basis.

Current teams

Team City Stadium Capacity
Adana Demirspor Adana 5 Ocak Stadium 16,095
Adanaspor Adana 5 Ocak Stadium 16,095
Afjet Afyonspor Afyonkarahisar Afyon Zafer Stadium 15,500
Altay İzmir İzmir Atatürk Stadium 51,295
Altınordu İzmir Bornova Stadium 12,500
Balıkesirspor Balıkesir Balıkesir Atatürk Stadium 15,800
Boluspor Bolu Bolu Atatürk Stadium 8,456
Denizlispor Denizli Denizli Atatürk Stadium 15,420
Elazığspor Elazığ Elazığ Atatürk Stadium 13,923
Eskişehirspor Eskişehir Eskişehir Yeni Stadium 34,930
Gazişehir Gaziantep Gaziantep Gaziantep Stadium 33,502
Gençlerbirliği Ankara Osmanlı Stadium 20,071
Giresunspor Giresun Giresun Atatürk Stadium 12,191
Hatayspor Antakya Antakya Atatürk Stadium 5,269
İstanbulspor Istanbul Necmi Kadıoğlu Stadium 4,491
Karabükspor Karabük Dr. Necmettin Şeyhoğlu Stadium 14,000
Osmanlıspor Ankara Osmanlı Stadium 20,071
Ümraniyespor Istanbul Ümraniye Belediyesi Şehir Stadium 1,601

Past winners

Season Champion Runner Up Third Placed
2001–02 Altay S.K. Elazığspor Adanaspor
2002–03 Konyaspor Çaykur Rizespor A. Sebatspor
2003–04 Sakaryaspor Kayserispor 1 Ankaraspor
2004–05 Sivasspor Manisaspor Kayseri Erciyesspor 1
2005–06 Bursaspor Antalyaspor Sakaryaspor 2
2006–07 Gençlerbirliği OFTAŞ İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor Kasımpaşa 2
2007–08 Kocaelispor Antalyaspor Eskişehirspor 2
2008–09 Manisaspor Diyarbakırspor Kasımpaşa 2
2009–10 Karabükspor Bucaspor Konyaspor 2
2010–11 Mersin İdmanyurdu Samsunspor Orduspor 2
2011–12 Akhisar Belediyespor Elazığspor Kasımpaşa 2
2012–13 Kayseri Erciyesspor Çaykur Rizespor Konyaspor 2
2013–14 İstanbul BB Balıkesirspor Mersin İdmanyurdu 2
2014–15 Kayserispor Osmanlispor Antalyaspor 2
2015–16 Adanaspor Karabükspor Alanyaspor 2
2016–17 Sivasspor Yeni Malatyaspor Göztepe S.K. 2
2017-18 Çaykur Rizespor MKE Ankaragücü Büyükşehir Belediye Erzurumspor 2

1 Kayseri Erciyesspor renamed themselves as Kayserispor. Kayserispor also became Kayseri Erciyesspor before the start of 2004–2005 season.

2 These teams were play-off winners.

Season Clubs
2001–02 Vestel Manisaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Adana Demirspor 1
2002–03 Karşıyaka, Türk Telekomspor, Kayseri Erciyesspor
2003–04 Karagümrük Kyoto, Sarıyer, Mardinspor
2004–05 Uşakspor, Orduspor, Gaziantep BŞB.
2005–06 Kasımpaşa, Gençlerbirliği Asaşspor, Eskişehirspor 1
2006–07 Boluspor, Kartalspor, Giresunspor 1
2007–08 Adanaspor, Karabükspor, Güngören Belediyespor 1
2008–09 Bucaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Çanakkale Dardanelspor 1
2009–10 Güngören Belediyespor, Akhisar Belediyespor, Tavşanlı Linyitspor 1
2010–11 Göztepe (White Group), Elazığspor (Red Group), Sakaryaspor 1
2011–12 Şanlıurfaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon (Red Group), Adana Demirspor 1
2012–13 Balıkesirspor (White Group), Kahramanmaraşspor (Red Group), Fethiyespor 1, Ankaraspor (Reinstated)
2013–14 Giresunspor (White Group), Altınordu (Red Group), Alanyaspor 1
2014–15 Göztepe (Red Group), Yeni Malatyaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon 1
2015–16 Manisaspor (Red Group), Ümraniyespor (White Group), Bandırmaspor 1
2016–17 MKE Ankaragücü (Red Group), Istanbulspor (White Group), Büyükşehir Belediye Erzurumspor 1
2017-18 Altay S.K. (White Group), Hatayspor (Red Group), Afjet Afyonspor 1

1 Third teams were play-off winner.

Relegated teams

Season Clubs
2001–02 Hatayspor, Siirt Jetpaspor, Erciyesspor, Batman Petrolspor, Aydınspor
2002–03 Erzurumspor, Gümüşhane Doğanspor, Etimesgut Şekerspor
2003–04 Adana Demirspor, Göztepe, İzmirspor
2004–05 Sarıyer, Adanaspor, Fatih Karagümrük S.K.
2005–06 Mersin İdman Yurdu, Yimpaş Yozgatspor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor
2006–07 Türk Telekomspor, Akçaabat Sebatspor, Uşakspor
2007–08 Elazığspor, İstanbulspor, Mardinspor
2008–09 Sakaryaspor, Güngören Belediyespor, Malatyaspor
2009–10 Hacettepespor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor, Kocaelispor
2010–11 Altay, Diyarbakırspor, Ankaraspor (Expelled)
2011–12 Giresunspor, Sakaryaspor, İstanbul Güngörenspor
2012–13 Göztepe, Kartalspor, Ankaragücü
2013–14 Fethiyespor, 1461 Trabzon, Tavşanlı Linyitspor, Kahramanmaraşspor
2014–15 Manisaspor, Bucaspor, Orduspor
2015-16 1461 Trabzon, Kayseri Erciyesspor, Karşıyaka
2016-17 Şanlıurfaspor, Bandırmaspor, Mersin Idman Yurdu
2017-18 Samsunspor, Manisaspor, Gaziantepspor


  1. ^ (in Turkish) Türk Telekom Lig A
  2. ^ (in Turkish) TFF 1. Lig becomes Bank Asya 1. Lig
  3. ^ (in Turkish) Bank Asya withdraws as sponsor
  4. ^ 1.Lig'in yeni adı PTT 1. Lig oldu - TFF
  5. ^ (in Turkish) TFF 1. Lig

External links

  • (in Turkish) Turkish Football Federation

See also

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