Sycamore Gap Tree

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Sycamore Gap Tree
Sycamore Gap, The Tree.jpg
View of the tree from the south. Hadrian's Wall is visible to the left of and beyond the tree. The stone structure in the centre is not associated with the tree or the wall.
Species Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus)
Location Near Crag Lough, Northumberland
Coordinates 55°00′13″N 2°22′26″W / 55.00356°N 2.37387°W / 55.00356; -2.37387Coordinates: 55°00′13″N 2°22′26″W / 55.00356°N 2.37387°W / 55.00356; -2.37387
Date seeded circa 1700
Custodian National Trust

The Sycamore Gap Tree or Robin Hood Tree is a sycamore tree standing next to Hadrian's Wall near Crag Lough in Northumberland, England. It is located in a dramatic dip in the landscape and is a popular photographic subject, described as one of the most photographed trees in the country. It derives its alternative name from featuring in a prominent scene in the 1991 film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. The tree won the 2016 England Tree of the Year award.

Location

The Sycamore Gap Tree is by Hadrian's Wall, between Milecastle 39 and Crag Lough, about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of Housesteads Roman Fort in Northumberland, Northern England.[1] This section of the wall follows the edge of a cliff – an outcrop of the Whin Sill – and several sharp dips in it caused by melting glacial waters.[2] The tree stands within one of these dips with the cliff and wall rising dramatically either side of it.[1] The wall and adjacent land, including the site of the tree, are owned by the National Trust.[1] A popular tourist attraction, the tree is described as one of the most photographed in the country and the location may be the most photographed point in all of Northumberland National Park.[3][4][5] It is visible from the nearby B6318 Military Road.[1] The name "Sycamore Gap" was coined by a National Trust employee when the Ordnance Survey were remapping the area and asked if the previously unnamed spot had a designation.[6]

History

View looking west from the north side of the wall

The tree is a sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) and is a few hundred years old.[5] It once stood alongside others but they have been removed over time for unknown reasons, possibly to improve sightlines or for gamekeeping purposes.[6] The tree featured in a key scene of the 1991 Kevin Costner film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves and has subsequently become known as the "Robin Hood Tree".[4][5] It appeared in the music video for Bryan Adams' (Everything I Do) I Do It for You which featured on the film's soundtrack; the video was shown often on the British TV series Top of the Pops.[1] It has also appeared in the TV crime drama Vera and in the documentary series More Tales from Northumberland with Robson Green.[6] It narrowly escaped damage in 2003 when a helicopter carrying TV gardener Alan Titchmarsh crashed metres away.[1]

In 2016, the tree was nominated for England's Tree of the Year competition.[4] It was selected from 200 competitors for the final shortlist of 10 and won the competition with 2,542 votes out of 11,913.[2] The prize was a £1000 grant which was used to survey the health of the tree and to carry out work to protect its roots, which were becoming exposed due to the high volume of foot traffic passing over them.[1] The Sycamore Gap Tree was entered in the 2017 European Tree of the Year awards in which it came 5th out of 16, polling 7,123 votes.[1][5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Famous Hadrian's Wall tree wins national competition". Carisle News and Star. 31 December 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Sycamore Gap on Hadrian's Wall is 'Tree of the Year'". ITV News. 18 December 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  3. ^ Harley, Nicola (17 December 2016). "Robin Hood tree wins coveted Tree of the Year crown". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Henderson, Tony (16 February 2018). "Is Sycamore Gap the most photographed tree in the UK?". Newcastle Evening Chronicle. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d "The Sycamore Gap Tree". European Tree of the Year. Environmental Partnership Association. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Read about Sycamore Gap". National Trust. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
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