Swanton (town), Vermont

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Town of Swanton
Town
A Civil War memorial stands in Swanton's Village Green, in the center of town.
A Civil War memorial stands in Swanton's Village Green, in the center of town.
Location in Franklin County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Franklin County and the state of Vermont.
Coordinates: 44°54′35″N 73°7′14″W / 44.90972°N 73.12056°W / 44.90972; -73.12056Coordinates: 44°54′35″N 73°7′14″W / 44.90972°N 73.12056°W / 44.90972; -73.12056
Country United States
State Vermont
County Franklin
Communities Swanton
Fonda
Greens Corners
Maquam
Skeels Corners
West Swanton
Area
 • Total 61.7 sq mi (159.7 km2)
 • Land 48.0 sq mi (124.4 km2)
 • Water 13.6 sq mi (35.3 km2)
Elevation 150 ft (50 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,427
 • Density 134/sq mi (51.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05488
Area code(s) 802
FIPS Code 50-011-71725
GNIS feature ID 1462225
Website townofswantonvermont.weebly.com

Swanton is a town in Franklin County, Vermont. The population was 6,427 at the 2010 census.[1] The town includes the village of Swanton.

History

The town of Swanton was chartered in 1763 as one of the New Hampshire Grants by Benning Wentworth, the governor of the Province of New Hampshire. It was named for Captain William Swanton, an officer in the British Army who had traveled through the area during the French and Indian War.

There were French land grants in the area beginning in 1734, and small French settlements including a Catholic mission in what is now Swanton from as early as 1740, when settlers in Quebec used a water route from Quebec City and Montreal to reach the banks of the Missisquoi River near what are now known as Swanton Falls.

None of the original grantees who received the charter from Governor Wentworth settled or resided in Swanton, opting instead to sell or trade their shares. Because of its proximity to the border with New France, and later the Province of Quebec, it was not populated by anyone from the British colonies in the 1760s and 1770s, the newly independent United States in the 1770s and 1780s, or the Vermont Republic in the early 1780s. As late as 1786, Ira Allen owned 59 of the original 64 shares.

In 2013, human artifacts dating from 7,000 years ago were found near the Missisquoi River, including a Neville-type stone object that might have been attached to a spear.[2]

Geography

Swanton is located in western Franklin County, bordered on the west by Lake Champlain and Grand Isle County. The town limits extend northwest to the Canada–United States border within Missisquoi Bay, west of Highgate. St. Albans, the Franklin County seat, is to the south.

Interstate 89 and U.S. Route 7 run more or less parallel in a north-south direction through the town, with US 7 passing through the village of Swanton and I-89 providing access from Exit 21 just east of the village. Vermont Route 78 crosses US 7 in the center of Swanton village, leading east to Enosburg Falls and west across Lake Champlain to Alburg. Vermont Route 36 leads west from Swanton village to Lake Champlain, then turns south along the shore to St. Albans Bay. Vermont Route 207 runs north-south across the town east of I-89, connecting Highgate Center to the north with St. Albans to the south. Vermont Route 105 crosses the east end of the town, leading northeast to Enosburg Falls and southwest to St. Albans.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 61.7 square miles (159.7 km2), of which 48.0 square miles (124.4 km2) is land and 13.6 square miles (35.3 km2), or 22.11%, is water.[1]

The village of Swanton is in the north-central part of the town, and the community of Fonda is in the south-central part. Both communities are along US 7. A large portion of the Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge, where the Missisquoi River enters Lake Champlain, is in the northwestern part of the town.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 74
1800 858 1,059.5%
1810 1,657 93.1%
1820 1,607 −3.0%
1830 2,158 34.3%
1840 2,313 7.2%
1850 2,824 22.1%
1860 2,678 −5.2%
1870 2,866 7.0%
1880 3,079 7.4%
1890 3,231 4.9%
1900 3,745 15.9%
1910 3,628 −3.1%
1920 3,343 −7.9%
1930 3,433 2.7%
1940 3,543 3.2%
1950 3,740 5.6%
1960 3,946 5.5%
1970 4,622 17.1%
1980 5,141 11.2%
1990 5,636 9.6%
2000 6,203 10.1%
2010 6,427 3.6%
Est. 2014 6,442 [3] 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 6,203 people, 2,329 households, and 1,700 families residing in the town. The population density was 128.1 people per square mile (49.5/km2). There were 2,689 housing units at an average density of 55.6/sq mi (21.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.10% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 3.40% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.

There were 2,329 households, out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,086, and the median income for a family was $45,810. Males had a median income of $32,789 versus $25,579 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,228. About 7.2% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Missisiquoi Council Abenaki Nation

The Missisiquoi Council Abenaki Nation, an unrecognized tribe, is based in Swanton.[6]

"Missisquoi is a distinct Native 'town-resident' community historically associated with portions of modern Swanton, Alburgh and Highgate towns in Franklin County, VT. Specifically, Missisquoi is a historically well-known Abenaki village located about a mile to the northwest of Swanton, Vermont; which figures prominently in the many ethnohistories ... its specific location has been known and mapped as a Euroamerican determination of Indigenous ethnicity (i.e. the 'Indian Castle' of the 1762 Brassier and 1763 Collins and Murray maps)."[7]

Swans

A new pair of Royal Swans took up residence in Swanton's Village Green Park in 2017.

In 1961, the Queen of England gifted a pair of her Royal Swans to the Town of Swanton at their annual Summer Festival. Swanton Chamber of Commerce members named the swans Sam (for Uncle Sam) and Betty (for Queen Elizabeth). The idea for the swans came from a summer visitor to the area, Harry Gibbons, who worked in public relations for the International Air Transport Authority of Montreal. He presented his idea to the Chamber and a letter of request was sent to Buckingham Palace. The request was granted and the swans were sent from Hickling Broad, Norfolk, England through the Smallburgh Rural District Council which includes the village of Swanton Abbott.

"The swans were caught during the annual "swan-upping" outing held by members of England's ancient guilds, who mark the Queen's swans with a nick on the beak to separate them from their less exalted brethren." [8] The swans were presented to Vermont Governor F. Ray Keyser by a representative of the Canadian Government at a ceremony attended by dignitaries from both sides of the border.[8]

Before the summer 2016 the swans died of old age.[9] After a gap of two years, a new set of swans (still named Sam and Betty) were secured and placed in their home in Village Green Park, surrounded by a black fence.[10] The new swans are not related to, or descended from, the original, but they are still called the Royal Swans.[11]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Swanton town, Franklin County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 14, 2016. 
  2. ^ Murray, Elizabeth (July 13, 2013). "Digging into the past". The Burlington Free Press. Burlington, Vermont. pp. 1B,3B. Retrieved July 13, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Missisquoi Abenaki Tribal Council – Tribal News and Updates". Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  7. ^ "Who We Are". Missiquois Abenaki Tribal Council. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  8. ^ a b St. Albans Messenger
  9. ^ Ledoux, Rodney R., The History of Swanton, 1988
  10. ^ Isaacs, Abby (24 June 2017). "'Royal Swans' return to Swanton: After 2 years, proper permitting was secured for a pair of 'royal swans.'". NBC5. Burlington, VT: WPTZ Burlington. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  11. ^ "Swanton's Royal Swans". Swanton Chamber. Swanton Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 15 August 2017. While today’s swans aren’t the original (or even descended from them), Swanton still calls them the Royal Swans.” 
  12. ^ Vermont Historical Society (1903). Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society for 1901–1902. Burlington, VT: Free Press Association. p. 33. 
  13. ^ Headley, Phineas Camp (1882). Public Men of To-day. San Francisco, CA: A. L. Bancroft & Company. p. 329. 
  14. ^ Coolidge, A. J.; Mansfield, J. B. (1859). A History and Description of New England, General and Local. 1. Boston, MA: Austin J. Coolidge. p. 916. 
  15. ^ Bashford, R. M. (1876). The Legislative Manual of the State of Wisconsin. Madison, WI: E. B. Bolens. p. 455. 
  16. ^ THE BLUE BOOK OF THE STATE OF WISCONSIN. 1889. p. 521. 

External links

  • Town of Swanton official website
  • Swanton Historical Society
  • Swanton Chamber of Commerce
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