Swami’s State Marine Conservation Area

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Swami’s State Marine Conservation Area (SMCA) is a marine protected area that extends offshore of Encinitas in San Diego County on California’s south coast. The SMCA covers 12.65 square miles. The SMCA protects marine life by limiting the removal of marine wildlife from within its borders.

Swami’s SMCA prohibits take of all living marine resources except: recreational take by hook-and-line from shore is allowed; and recreational take of pelagic finfish, including Pacific bonito, and white seabass by spearfishing is allowed.

Take pursuant to beach nourishment and other sediment management activities and operation and maintenance of artificial structures inside the conservation area is allowed per any required federal, state and local permits, or as otherwise authorized by the department.

Please see the following for official details on boundaries, regulations and other information:[1]

History

Swami’s SMCA is one of 36 new marine protected areas adopted by the California Fish and Game Commission in December, 2010 during the third phase of the Marine Life Protection Act Initiative. The MLPA is a collaborative public process to create a statewide network of protected areas along California’s coastline.

The south coast’s new marine protected areas were heavily protested by local divers and fishermen while being designed by conservationists and scientists who comprised the South Coast Regional Stakeholder Group (SRSG). Their job was to design a network of protected areas that would preserve sensitive sea life and habitats while enhancing recreation, study and education opportunities.

Controversy over the Swami's SMCA stemmed from a long sustainable fishing history going back to the Cardiff Dorymen who launched small wooden boats from the Cardiff Reef and Noonan's Point (now call Swami's) beaches. The protest of local divers and fisherman emerged from the South Coast Regional Stakeholder Group creating the marine protected area (MPA) with little scientific justification. The Swami's SMCA created an ocean fishing closure to all species while no local species indigenous to the MPA could be identified as threatened.

The south coast marine protected areas went into effect in 2012. No signage was posted for 2 years from effective date on the Northern or Southern borders to create a clear border of the Swami's SMCA.

Geography and natural features

Swami’s SMCA is a marine protected area that extends offshore in San Diego County on California’s south coast.

Swami’s SMCA is bounded by the mean high tide line and straight lines connecting the following points in the order listed except where noted:

  1. 33°02.900′N 117°17.927′W / 33.048333°N 117.298783°W / 33.048333; -117.298783 (1st corner)
  2. 33°02.900′N 117°21.743′W / 33.048333°N 117.362383°W / 33.048333; -117.362383 (2nd corner) thence southward along the three nautical mile

offshore boundary to

  1. 33°00.000′N 117°20.398′W / 33.000000°N 117.339967°W / 33.000000; -117.339967 (3rd corner) and
  2. 33°00.000′N 117°16.698′W / 33.000000°N 117.278300°W / 33.000000; -117.278300 (4th corner) thence northward along the mean high tide line onshore boundary to
  3. 33°00.962′N 117°16.850′W / 33.016033°N 117.280833°W / 33.016033; -117.280833 (1st corner) and
  4. 33°00.980′N 117°16.857′W / 33.016333°N 117.280950°W / 33.016333; -117.280950 (1st corner).

Habitat and wildlife

Swami’s SMCA contains a concentration of rocky reef, kelp forest/surf grass habitat, and local marine species. With large stretches of sand with little or no reef immediately to the North and South, marine species aggregate to the rocky reefs and kelp beds of the Swami's SMCA. California Spiny Lobster are plentiful throughout the entire MPA. Halibut frequent the finger reefs of in front of the campgrounds especially during the weeks of Grunion running.

Recreation and nearby attractions

Located in the City of Encinitas, Swami’s Reef is a local treasure. Most widely known as a world-class surfing destination for its long, rideable waves, the area is also popular among local kayakers, swimmers, spearfishermen and beachgoers. Swami’s is a great spot for snorkeling and diving, with kelp forests less than ¼ mile from shore. The beach and tide pools are highly accessible with stairs leading down to the beach from atop the beautiful Cliffside, where public parking and restrooms are located.

Swami’s takes its name from Swami Paramahansa Yoganada who in 1937 built the Self Realization Fellowship ashram that overlooks the point. The ashram is still fully functioning, and offers free meditation classes as well as a lush garden where visitors can enjoy stunning coastal views.

The coastline of Encinitas and adjacent cities of Cardiff and Solana Beach offer fabulous paths for bike riding with incredible views. Swami’s beach connects with several miles of uninterrupted beaches, from the San Elijo Lagoon inlet to South Carlsbad Beach jetty, making this area a paradise for walking and jogging.

The area features shops, boutiques, restaurants, bed and breakfasts, and golfing. A local highlight is fresh squeezed fruit juice and healthy breakfasts from the famous Swamis Café.

Swami’s SMCA protects marine life within its boundaries. The take of all living marine resources is prohibited except…..However, California’s marine protected areas encourage recreational and educational uses of the ocean.[2] Activities such as kayaking, diving, snorkeling, and swimming are allowed unless otherwise restricted.

Scientific monitoring

As specified by the Marine Life Protection Act, select marine protected areas along California’s south coast are being monitored by scientists to track their effectiveness and learn more about ocean health. Without a MPA specific baseline or any single species identified as threatened in the Swami's SMCA, scientific studies will be gathering new information. Similar studies in marine protected areas located off of the Santa Barbara Channel Islands have already detected gradual improvements in fish size and number as expected with an area closure.[3]

References

  1. ^ California Department of Fish and Game. "[1]".
  2. ^ http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode?section=fgc&group=02001-03000&file=2850-2863
  3. ^ http://www.dfg.ca.gov/marine/channel_islands/pdfs/handout_caselle.pdf

External links

  • Marine Life Protection Act Initiative
  • CalOceans
  • The City of Encinitas
  • Swami’s on Surfline
  • Self Realization Fellowship
  • Encinitas Ranch Golf Course
  • Swami’s Café
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