Susquehannock language

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Native to Northeastern United States
Extinct 1763
  • Northern
    • Lakes Iroquoian
      • Five Nations
        • Susquehannock
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sqn
Glottolog susq1241[1]
Susquehannock lang.png
pre-contact distribution of the Susquehannock language

Susquehannock is an extinct language that once was spoken by the Native American Susquehannocks. It is a part of the Iroquoian language family.

Little of the Susquehannock language has been preserved. The only source is a Vocabula Mahakuassica compiled by the Swedish missionary Johannes Campanius during the 1640s and published with additions in 1702.[2] Campanius's vocabulary contains only 89 words but is sufficient to show that Susquehannock was a northern Iroquoian language closely related to those of the Five Nations.[3] Surviving remnants of the Susquehannock language include the river names Conestoga, Juniata, and Swatara.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Susquehannock". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Thomas Campanius Holm. 1702. A short description of the province of New Sweden, tr. Peter S. du Ponceau. Pennsylvania Historical Society Memoirs 3:1:1-166. (Reprinted 1834 in Philadelphia)
    cited in Marianne Mithun. The Languages of Native America (1999, Cambridge University Press).
  3. ^ Marianne Mithun. 1981. "Stalking the Susquehannocks," International Journal of American Linguistics 47:1-26.


  • "A Vocabulary of Susquehannock", Thomas Campanius Holm, Evolution Publishing & Manufacturing, August 1996.

External links


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