Susannah Mushatt Jones

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Susannah Mushatt Jones
Susannah Mushatt Jones at age 116.jpg
Susannah Mushatt Jones at age 116
Born Susannah Mushatt
(1899-07-06)July 6, 1899
Lowndes County, Alabama
Died (2016-05-12)May 12, 2016
(aged 116 years, 311 days)
Brooklyn, New York
Nationality American
Known for Oldest living person
(June 17, 2015 – May 12, 2016)
Spouse(s) Henry Jones (m. 1928; div. 1933)
Parent(s) Callie & Mary Mushatt[1]

Susannah Mushatt Jones (July 6, 1899 – May 12, 2016)[2] was an American supercentenarian who was, at the age of 116 years and 311 days, the world's oldest living person and the last living American born in the 19th century.[3] She received tributes from the United States House of Representatives[4] and from the Alabama House of Representatives "for a remarkable lifetime of exceptional achievement lived during three centuries."[5]

Biography

Susannah Mushatt[5] was born to Callie and Mary Mushatt on July 6, 1899, in Lowndes County, Alabama.[1][6] She was the third child and oldest daughter of eleven children.[7] Her parents were African-American sharecroppers who farmed the same land as her grandparents. (Her grandmother, an ex-slave, reportedly lived for 117 years based on census data.)[8] According to her family, she also had some Native American ancestry.[9] As a young woman, she worked in the fields and was determined to escape that hard existence.[5] On March 4, 1922, she graduated from the Calhoun Boarding High School and the graduation roster recognized her for studying "Negro Music in France".[7] After graduation, she wanted to become a teacher[7] and was accepted to Tuskegee Institute's Teacher's Program. Her parents could not afford tuition, so in 1923, she moved to New York during the early stages of the Harlem Renaissance.[5][10][11]

In 1928 she married Henry Jones, but divorced him in 1933, saying in 2011 that she "didn't know what became of him".[12] She had no children. She worked for wealthy families taking care of their children for $7 a week.[13] During this time, she supported many of her relatives as they moved to New York.[7][10][14][15] She also used some of her salary to establish The Calhoun Club, which was a college scholarship fund for African-American students at her high school.[7] She was active in her neighborhood for almost 30 years, participating in the "tenant patrol team".[7][13] In 1965, she retired and lived with her niece Lavilla Watson and helped care for Watson's baby son.[7] At the time of her death she resided at the Vandalia Senior Center in East New York, Brooklyn,[6] and had more than 100 nieces and nephews.[14]

Health, diet and lifestyle

Jones became legally blind when she was 100 and was partially deaf; she could not say much and she used a wheelchair.[10][14] She only took high-blood pressure medication and a multivitamin.[7] She refused cataract surgery or a recommended pacemaker and never had a mammogram or a colonoscopy.[14] She met with a primary care physician three to four times a year.[7] Jones never smoked or consumed alcohol.[14] She slept about ten hours a night and napped throughout the day.[7] For breakfast, she always ate four strips of bacon along with scrambled eggs and grits.[16] She also ate bacon throughout the day.[17]

Final years and death

Jones celebrated her last five birthdays at the Vandalia Senior Center in Brooklyn.[6][13][14][15][18] On her 112th, she received tribute letters from both the mayor of New York City and the governor of New York. After the celebration, she said, "I wish it could be like this all the time."[6] On her 113th, she was escorted by Charles Barron.[15]

Jones celebrated her 114th birthday six days late. Her family, friends and Brooklyn District Attorney Charles Hynes praised her accomplishments.[14] On her 115th birthday, her niece, Lois Judge, told WABC-TV that Jones "gets tired easily these days, but it has been a good day today." Jones did not speak at the celebration. Her great-great niece, a baby named Susannah after her, was also present.[13]

Jones became the world's oldest living person and one of two remaining people verified to have been born in the 1800s (along with Italian woman Emma Morano) upon the death of Jeralean Talley on June 17, 2015.[18][19] On July 3, 2015, three days before her 116th birthday, she was presented with a certificate from Guinness World Records recognizing her as the oldest person alive.[18]

Jones died in her sleep on the evening of May 12, 2016, aged 116 years, 311 days.[20] Following her death, Emma Morano became the world's oldest living person as well as the last living person who was born in the 1800s.[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Happy 116th birthday to Susannah Mushatt Jones, our new oldest person record holder". guinnessworldrecords.com. 
  2. ^ "Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved October 8, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Susannah Mushatt Jones, last US woman born in 19th Century, dies". BBC News. May 13, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2016. 
  4. ^ Edolphus Towns. "A tribute to Susannah Mushatt Jones on her 113th birthday – Hon. Edolphus Towns (Extensions of Remarks – July 11, 2012)". Congressional Record 112th Congress (2011–2012). Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d Representative Jackson. "Commending Susannah Mushatt Jones for outstanding achievements". The Alabama Legislature. Archived from the original on January 6, 2014. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d Bond, Michaelle (July 12, 2013). "Oldest Woman in New York Celebrates Birthday No. 114". New York Times. Retrieved July 12, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Waxman, Olivia B. (July 3, 2014). "Long-Life Secrets From An (Almost) 115 Year Old Woman". Time. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "The oldest living person on Earth has one wish: 'I want to go home' to Alabama", by Cliff Sims, YellowHammer.com
  9. ^ "World's Oldest Person Susannah Mushatt Jones Celebrates 116th Birthday in Brooklyn". nbcnews.com. 
  10. ^ a b c Flengenheimer, Matt. "A Milestone in Brooklyn: 112 Birthdays". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  11. ^ Underwood, Khalea and Bill Hutchinson. "Susannah Mushatte Jones is the oldest person in New York City and still going strong at 113". New York Daily News. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  12. ^ "A Milestone in Brooklyn: 112 Birthdays". Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d Parikh, Sapna (July 8, 2014). "Brooklyn Woman 'Miss Susie' Celebrates 115th Birthday". WABC-TV. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Staff (July 12, 2013). "Oldest Person In New York Celebrates 114th Birthday". WCBS-TV. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c Akhtar, Sam (July 19, 2012). "113-Year-Old Celebrates Her Birthday At Vandalia Center". Canarsie Courier. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  16. ^ Olivia B. Waxman. "Susannah Mushatt Jones Is Second Oldest American". TIME.com. 
  17. ^ "Susannah Mushatt Jones, World's Oldest Person, Eats Bacon Every Day". The Huffington Post. October 7, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015. 
  18. ^ a b c "World's oldest person turns 116: Brooklyn woman who was the granddaughter of slaves and counts bacon as her secret to long life celebrates another year". Daily Mail. July 6, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015. 
  19. ^ World’s oldest-known person Jeralean Talley dies at 116 Retrieved November 1, 2015.
  20. ^ "Brooklyn's Susannah Mushatt Jones, oldest person and last American born in the 1800s, dies at age 116". nydailynews.com. May 13, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016. 
  21. ^ "World's oldest person Emma Morano celebrates 117th birthday". BBC news. November 29, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
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