Surada

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Surada

Sorada
Town
Surada city
Surada city
Nickname(s): 
SUD
Surada is located in Odisha
Surada
Surada
Location in Odisha, India
Surada is located in India
Surada
Surada
Surada (India)
Coordinates: 19°45′N 84°26′E / 19.75°N 84.43°E / 19.75; 84.43Coordinates: 19°45′N 84°26′E / 19.75°N 84.43°E / 19.75; 84.43
Country  India
State Odisha
District Ganjam
First settled 1476
Founded by King Sandhadhanu Singh (Abhaya Pratap)
Named for Place of Devas (Suras)
Government
 • Type Notified Area Council (N.A.C.)
 • Body Surada N.A.C.
 • N.A.C. Chairman Sanghamitra Swain(BJD)
 • Executive Officer Sushil Kumar Patnaik
 • Member of Legislative Assembly Purna Chandra Swain(BJD)
 • Member of Parliament Ladu Kishore Swain(BJD)
Area
 • Total 2,663.89 km2 (1,028.53 sq mi)
Elevation
84 m (276 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 14,867
 • Density 5.6/km2 (14/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Odia, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
761108
STD Telephone code 06819
Vehicle registration OD-32 (Old OR-07/OD-07)
Sub-division Bhanjanagar
Block Surada
Odisha Legislative Assembly Constituency Surada
Lok Sabha Constituency Aska
Website odisha.gov.in
Shashi Bhusana Charitam

Surada (also known as Sorada or Soroda) is a town and a Notified Area Council in Ganjam district in the Indian state of Odisha. Surada is also the headquarter of Surada Block of which area is about 2663.89 km2. Surada Block consists of 25 Gram Panchayats with 364 villages and Surada (N.A.C.) as an urban administration. It is located on the bank of Rushikulya.

Geography

Surada is located at 19°45′N 84°26′E / 19.75°N 84.43°E / 19.75; 84.43.[1] It has an average elevation of 84 m (276 ft). It is situated at the North-Western side of Ganjam district.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[2] Surada had a population of 14,867. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Surada has an average literacy rate of 68.7%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 55.6%, and female literacy is 44.3%.

Gram Panchayats under Surada Block

Amrutulu, Asurabandha, Badabadangi, Badagada, Badagochha, Borada, Borasingi, Ekalapur, Gajalabadi, Gangapur, Genja, Gochha, Gopalpur Sasan, Goudagotha, Hinjalakuda, Hukuma, Kulangi, Lathipada, Merrikota, Nuagada, Palakatu, Raibandha, Sarabadi, Sidhapur, Suramani.

History

Surada is a Sanskrit word which means The place of Devas. It was established by the 1st king of Surada dynasty Raja Sandhadhanu Singh in 1476. When Britishers had ruled Surada they took this Zamindari along with undivided Ganjam district into Madras Presidency which is mentioned in List of zamindari estates in Madras Presidency.

This place was earlier known as Surada Gada (ସୁରାଡା ଗଡ଼) under Khidisingi kingdom which includes Surada, Dharakote, Sheragada block of Ganjam district (also includes some part of Mohana block of Gajapati district) of present date. In 1476, Raja Baliar Singh divided the Khidisingi kingdom into four different states among his four sons;

  • Badagada – Raja Daman Singh
  • Dharakote – Raja Hadu Singh
  • Surada – Raja Sandhadhanu Singh (also known as Abhaya Pratap)
  • Sheragada – Raja Parsuram Singh (Minor) (Represented by Raja Baliar himself).

Now, former Badagada state is under Surada Block and Dharakote, Sheragada are two separate blocks in Ganjam district.

Kings of Khidisingi

  • Bera Patta Mallik (Last Kandha king)
  • Raja Sobha Chandra Singh (Nala descendant)
  • Raja Purusottama Singh
  • Raja Krushna Singh
  • Raja Rai Singh
  • Raja Preeti Singh
  • Raja Kirti Singh
  • Raja Padmanabha Singh
  • Raja Bikram Singh
  • Raja Baliar Singh (Last Khidisingi king)

Kings of Surada Dynasty

  • Raja Sandhadhanu Singh a.k.a. Abhaya Pratap (1st Surada King)
  • Raja Bhagaban Singh
  • Raja Harihara Singh
  • Raja Krushna Singh (2)
  • Raja Gopal Singh
  • Raja Rai Singh
  • Raja Shyamasundara Singh
  • Raja Gadadhara Singh (Raja Shyamasundara's brother)
  • Raja Kunjabihari Singh (Raja Shyamasundara's brother)
  • Rani Radhamani Devi (Raja Kunjabihari's wife)
  • Raja Upendra Singh (Raja Shyamasundara's brother)
  • Raja Shyamasundara Singh (2) (Raja Upendra's son)
  • Raja Radhacharana Singh (Raja Upendra's son)
  • Raja Laxminarayan Singh (Raja Upendra's son)
  • Raja Janardana Singh (Raja Upendra's son)

Religious Places

Hinduism

Panchanan Temple
  • Jagannath Temple;
    • There was probably a Dadhi Bamana statue prior to the temple exist now. In the second half of the 18th century, Raja Kunjabihari Singh (1775–1815) built the present Jagannath temple in the periphery of his palace.

This temple is on the land which length is about 125 feet in North-South region and about 87-foot breadth in East-West region. The Jagannath temple is about 65-foot length in East-West region, about 31-foot breadth in North-South region and about 60 foot in height.

  • Gopinath Temple
  • Raghunath Temple
  • Panchanan Temple
    • There are 5 Shiva lingas in the sanctum sanctorum of the temple. There has been a saying that Lingas were consecrated by Lord Rama while going to Lanka. The present temple built by Raja Narendra Dhabala (935-965).
  • Chandra Kalpeswara Temple
  • Dakhineswara Temple
    • The Shiva linga was at the village which is now under Surada Dam. So, the linga was then transferred to Surada near Rushikulya river in 18th century.
  • Gopeswara Temple;
  • Balukeswara Temple
  • Mukteswara Temple
  • Brudha Lingeswara Temple - built by Khindirisrunga king Raja Bhimasen Dev (900–935).
  • Purakeswara Temple;
  • Lord Nrusinghnath Temple - There are 3 nos of Nrusinghnath Temple at Baradi, Matha Sahi and Sana Surada.
  • Sri Laxmi Nrusinghnath Temple
  • Sri Chaitanya Temple
  • Maa Kandhuni Devi Temple
  • Maa Khunteswari Temple - situated at the hilltop of Khunteswari Hill.
  • Siddheswara Temple - situated in the periphery to the Khunteswari temple.
  • Maa Giri Shobhini Temple
  • Kanaka Durga Temple
  • Krushnalila Kalika Temple
  • Ramalila Kalika Temple
  • Gramyalila Kalika Temple
  • Ganesh Temple
  • Maa Santhoshi Temple
  • Lord Hanuman Temple
  • Lord Panchamukhi Hanuman Temple

Islam

  • Mosque
    • In the 17th century some Muslims had come to Surada. Nawab Zafer Ali built a mosque in Surada at that time. That old mosque had collapsed. So, in that place a new mosque was built. It is now at Gani Chowk of Surada.

Christianity

  • Roman Catholic Church
    • Christians had come to Surada around 1853. The Roman Catholic Church was built in between 1916-1919. The sound of the church bell can be heard in 5 km. radius around Surada. Surrounding the church, there are four missionary schools. The Father of the Church is head of these institutions. The Bollywood Movie Bheegi Palkein starring Raj Babbar and Smita Patil was filmed here.
  • Dantilingi Church
    • There is another old church in Dantilingi village. Every year, a special festival is celebrated in the memory of Mother Lurdu Marry. She was very helpful to the local people while she was alive.

Others

  • Sai Baba Temple
  • Gayatri Temple at Gayatri Nagar
  • OM Shanti Organisation
  • Satsanga Kendra

Educational Institutions

  • Rushikulya Degree College, Surada
  • Rushikulya Junior College, Surada, Estd: 1978[3]
  • P.C.M. Women's Junior College, Surada, Estd: 1999[4]
  • Rushikulya Industrial Training Center (I.T.C.), Tatabali, Surada, Estd: 2009
  • Sashi Bhusan (Govt.)High School, Surada, Estd: 1920[5]
  • Technical High School, Surada, Estd: 1954
  • Govt. Girl's High School, Surada, Estd: 1964[6]
  • Odisha Adarsha Vidyalaya, Surada, Estd: 2016
  • Roman Catholic Mission (R.C.M.) U.P School, Surada, Estd: 1904
  • Jagannath Sanskrit Vidyalaya, Surada, Estd: 1930
  • Saraswati Sishu Vidya Mandira, Surada, Estd: 1995
  • R.C.M. Boy's Primary School, Surada, Estd: 1854
  • R.C.M. Girl's Primary School, Surada, Estd: 1927
  • Ex. Board Primary School, Surada, Estd: 1895
  • Girl's Primary School, Surada, Estd: 1914
  • Mahammadiya Primary School, Surada, Estd: 1921
  • Govt. Aided Primary School, Surada, Estd: 1942
  • Baradi Primary School, Surada, Estd: 1959
  • Block Colony Primary School, Surada, Estd:
  • Vivekanand Sishu Vidya Mandir, Surada, Estd: 2012

Notable people

Transport

Road

Surada is connected with National Highway 59 (India) (Khariar – Brahmapur) and State Highway 36 (Odisha) which connect Surada to other cities and towns of Odisha and India. The three-wheeler auto taxies and buses are the most important mode of transportation in this town.

Rail

Nearby Brahmapur city Railway station

Air

Port

Gopalpur Port

Financial Institution/banks

  • State Bank of India, Surada
  • Punjab National Bank, Surada
  • Utkal Grameen Bank, Surada
  • Aska Central Cooperative Bank Ltd., Surada[7]
  • Bank of India, Badagada
  • Andhra Bank, Badagada
  • Micro Leasing & Funding Ltd., Surada
  • Sahara Credit Co-operative Society Ltd., Surada

Government offices

  • Judicial Magistrate's(1st Class) Court
  • Tahasil Office[8]
  • Panchayat Samiti (Block) Office[9]
  • Block Education Office
  • Notified Area Council Office[10]
  • Special Planning Authority (Surada)[11]
  • O.F.D.C. Office
  • Sub-Divisional Office (Minor Irrigation)
  • Sectional Office (Irrigation)
  • Lift Irrigation Office
  • Asst. Executive Engineer's Office (National Highway Sub-division)
  • Asst. Executive Engineer's Office (R&B Sub-division)
  • Junior Engineer's Office (R&B)
  • Public Wealth Department(P.W.D.) Office
  • P.H.E.D Office
  • Community Health Centre
  • Child Development Project Office (ICDS Project)[12]
  • Sub-Jail[13]
  • Police Station
  • Fire Station
  • Forest Range Office
  • Sub-Post Office
  • Govt. Veterinary Hospital
  • Sub-Registrar Office[14]
  • Sub-Treasury Office[15]
  • Sub-Divisional Office(Southco)[1]
  • Sectional Office(Southco)
  • Asst. Engineer's Office(Southco)
  • R.I. Office, Surada
  • R.I. Office, Amrutulu

Attractions

  • There are 8 Shiva temples in the town. Therefore, pilgrims do the Asta Sambhu yatra in various auspicious occasions.
  • Danda Nacha - Danda Nacha(Jatra) are ritualistic performances held during the month of Chaitra for a period of 13 days. This is considered to be the one of the traditional form of worship. The performers showcase their performances in different villages. The performances are dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Kali, which are symbolically represented by a Agni Danda. The participants showcase various items Agni Danda & a Pole decorated with multi-coloured clothes. The closing ceremony is known as Meru Yatra, which is observed on the day of Maha Vishuba Sankranti which supposed to be the 1st day of Odia new year.
  • Surada Dam (Surada Ghai) - A Big water reservoir popularly known as Sorada Ghai, holds in its bosom a reservoir amidst uncommon scenic charm. It blends itself beautifully into an enchanting picnic spot. This dam was built in 1896. The water of Padma river (popularly known as Patma river) is reserved in it. At times, the water of this reservoir is channelised to Rushikulya river for irrigation. There is a Children's park at the adjacent site of the dam.
  • Ratha Jatra - As the land of Lord Jagannath, in every nooks and corners of Odisha Ratha Jatra is celebrated.
  • Kanta Pidha Jatra - It is a very famous festival of Surada. In this festival Maa Kandhuni Devi is worshiped specially. So, every year on this occasion Maa Kandhuni Devi Mahosava is celebrated.
  • Kumar Purnima - Birthday of Lord Kartika. All will wear new cloth & play cards from Dasahara to Kumar Purnami of all 5 days.
  • Rushikulya River - This is a holy river for Hindus. Every year people celebrate Baruni Mohosava (birthday of Rushikulya). It originates from Rushi Hills of Kandhamal and the mouth of this river is at Puruna Bandha, Chhatrapur of Ganjam district. It is believed that Rushikulya is 100 years elder than the holy river Ganga. Rushikulya river has mentions in many Hindu epics like Brahmanda Purana, Mahabharat etc.

Politics

Surada is the part of Surada Assembly Constituency. Current MLA from Surada Assembly Constituency is Purna Chandra Swain of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2014 & 2009 twice. Previous MLAs from this seat were Kishore Chandra Singhdeo (2004) of BJP, before Usharani Panda of INC who won this seat in 2000, Ananta Narayan Singh Deo representing BJP in 1995 and representing JNP in 1977, Shanti Devi of JD in 1990, Sharat Chandra Panda of INC in 1985, and Gantayat Swain of INC(I) in 1980. The Son of the Soil Biju Patnaik(ବିଜୁ ପଟ୍ଟନାୟକ) elected from Surada during 1957 state election.[16]

Surada is part of Aska (Lok Sabha constituency). [17]

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Surada
  2. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  3. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=12&office_id=5158&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  4. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=12&office_id=5477&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  5. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=27&office_id=6943&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  6. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=27&office_id=6821&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  7. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=2&office_id=7724&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  8. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=25&office_id=5886&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  9. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=20&office_id=6233&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  10. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=14&office_id=787&sec_id=2&page=2&pid=2
  11. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=14&office_id=955&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  12. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=35&office_id=4699&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  13. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=13&office_id=4060&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  14. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=25&office_id=1662&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  15. ^ http://rtiodisha.gov.in/print_dept_home.php?dept_id=6&office_id=2603&sec_id=2&page=&pid=2
  16. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 67-Suruda Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 19 September 2008.
  17. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2008.
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