Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of North Korea

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Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Commander-in-chief role
Standard of the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.svg
Standard of the Supreme Commander
Kim Jong-un at the Workers' Party of Korea main building.png
Currently
Kim Jong-un

since 30 December 2011
Korean People's Army
Vested in Chairman of the State Affairs Commission
Residence Pyongyang, North Korea
Formation 5 July 1950
First Kim Il-sung
Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of North Korea
Chosŏn'gŭl
조선민주주의인민공화국 무력 최고사령관
Hancha
朝鮮民主主義人民共和國武力最高司令官
Revised Romanization Joseonminjujuuiinmingonghwagungmuryeong choegosaryeonggwan
McCune–Reischauer Chosŏnminjujuŭiinmin'gonghwagungmuryŏng ch'oegosaryŏnggwan

The Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Chosongul: 조선민주주의인민공화국 무력 최고사령관) is the highest post in command of the Korean People's Army (KPA), the armed forces of North Korea, and is in charge of one of the largest standing armed forces in the world with around 1.8 million active duty military personnel and military reserves. Constitutionally, the position is attached to the office of Chairman of the State Affairs Commission. According to the constitution of North Korea: "The Chairman of the State Affairs Commission is the supreme commander of the whole armed forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and commands and directs all the armed forces of the State."[1]

The post was created on 5 July 1950 as the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army (Chosongul: 조선인민군 최고사령관) until 15 April 2019 when the post became known under its present name.

History

Kim Il-sung was the first Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army upon the founding of North Korea in 1948 after he was selected to be the leader of the country. He, upon assumption of power, organized the KPA and had the Soviet Union equip it with modern weapons, tanks, planes, artillery and ships deemed unusable by the Soviets and communist China. During the Korean War, Kim Il-sung, then the General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) as well as the premier of the government and KPA Supreme Commander, took care of the military operations only to be deprived of command by China in the latter stages.[clarification needed]. After the war, he resumed command of the KPA even after his election as President of North Korea in 1972. In the 1990s, since he was aged, Kim handed over the post of Supreme Commander of the KPA as well as the chairmanship of the country's National Defence Commission that supervises military matters to his son and designated heir as the next leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-il one year before his death in 1994. The elder Kim remained as the President of North Korea, General-Secretary of WPK and Chairman of the party's Central Military Commission, a party organ propagating politics in military affairs. After Kim Il-sung's death in 1994, Kim Jong-il, being the new leader of the country and the KPA Supreme Commander, imposed a Songun policy that prioritized the military affairs of the country before anything else. Kim Jong-il on his death in 2011 was succeeded by his son Kim Jong-un, who replaced him as the new leader of the country and military. Kim Jong-un was publicly declared as the new Supreme Commander by the Rodong Sinmun, on 24 December 2011 and officially appointed to the position on 30 December 2011.[2][3]

List of officeholders

Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army
Supreme Commander Took office Left office
Kim Il Sung Portrait-2.jpg Generalissimo rank insignia (North Korea).svg
Generalissimo of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Kim Il-sung
김일성
1912–1994
Kim Il Sung Signature.svg
5 July 1950 24 December 1991
Kim Jong il Portrait.jpg Generalissimo rank insignia (North Korea).svg
Generalissimo of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Kim Jong-il
김정일
1941–2011
Kim Jong-il Signature.svg
24 December 1991 17 December 2011
Vacant
(17 December 2011-30 December 2011)
Kim Jong-un at the Workers' Party of Korea main building.png Marshal of the DPRK rank insignia.svg
Marshal of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Kim Jong-un
김정일
Born 1984
Kim Jong-un Signature.svg
30 December 2011 15 April 2019
Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Supreme Commander Took office Left office
Kim Jong-un at the Workers' Party of Korea main building.png Marshal of the DPRK rank insignia.svg
Marshal of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Kim Jong-un
김정일
Born 1984
Kim Jong-un Signature.svg
15 April 2019 Incumbent

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Article 102". Socialist Constitution of North Korea (PDF). Amended and supplemented on April 1, Juche 102 (2013), at the Seventh Session of the fourth Supreme People's Assembly. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 2014. p. 22. ISBN 978-9946-0-1099-1.CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ "N.Korea declares Kim Jong-Un commander of military". Agence France-Presse. 30 December 2011. Archived from the original on February 24, 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  3. ^ "North Korea: Kim Jong-un hailed 'supreme commander'". BBC News. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
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