Summit Air Flight 409

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Summit Air Flight 409
CIACA Let L-410UVP Turbolet Maharajh-1.jpg
A Let L-410 similar to the aircraft involved
Date 27 May 2017 (2017-05-27)
Summary Crashed short of runway in low visibility
Site Lukla, Nepal
27°41′07″N 86°43′35″E / 27.68526°N 86.72646°E / 27.68526; 86.72646Coordinates: 27°41′07″N 86°43′35″E / 27.68526°N 86.72646°E / 27.68526; 86.72646
Aircraft type Let L-410
Operator Summit Air
Registration 9N-AKY
Flight origin Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, Nepal
Destination Tenzing–Hillary Airport, Lukla, Nepal
Occupants 3
Passengers 0
Crew 3
Fatalities 2
Injuries 1
Survivors 1

On 27 May 2017, a Let L-410 Turbolet operating as Summit Air Flight 409 crashed short of the runway whilst attempting to land at Tenzing–Hillary Airport in Nepal. It was on final approach when the aircraft hit trees short of the runway and subsequently slid down a slope before coming to rest about 200 metres (656 ft) below runway level and 130 feet short of the runway. The captain and the first officer died as a result of the accident, while another crew member received injuries.[1]


The aircraft involved by the crash was a Let L-410, built in 2014 for Summit Air (then operating as Goma Air), registration 9N-AKY. The aircraft was involved in a prior minor accident on 2 June 2015, where the flight from Jomsom landed in Pokhara with the nose gear retracted. All 18 passengers on board were safe, but the aircraft suffered damage to its nose.[2]


The Captain, aged 48, had over 9000 flight hours logged, and since joining the airline, had flown over 1900 hours on L-410 aircraft. He died shortly after being pulled from the wreckage. The co-pilot died at 2130 local time in intensive care at Lukla Hospital. The third person on board, an air hostess, survived the crash and was soon medically evacuated to Kathmandu for further treatment.[3]


At about 1404 local time, the aircraft was on final approach to Runway 06 of Tenzing-Hillary Airport, on a routine flight from Kathmandu Airport, when it descended below the minimum safety altitude just off the runway and impacted with a tree and contacted ground three metres below the runway. It then slid over 200 meters down a ravine. CCTV footage released by the airport showed the aircraft dipping below the runway level and smoke rising from the wreckage. Witnesses stated that the weather conditions had been foggy, and that visibility was quite low. The airport does not possess any sort of navigational equipment, requiring pilots to land via visual approach.[4][1] The up-slope runway 06 is without any instrument approach guidance. At the time of the accident, local visibility was substantially reduced by ground fog.


After the accident, it was suspected that the probable cause of the accident was an aerodynamic stall brought on by low approach speed. Due to the abnormally short runway on Lukla, aircraft are required to approach the airport at very low speeds, making the aircraft extremely vulnerable to sudden downdrafts and strong winds that are known to occur in the mountains. Contributing factors might include poor visibility on final approach and the inexperience and lack of technology available to air traffic control.[5]

In December 2017, an investigation committee of the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal submitted its final report on the accident and concluded that "Very low visibility" was the cause of the accident. As the aircraft was flying through dense fog for several minutes before the approach, it missed the runway of Lukla Airport. The report furthermore revealed that both air traffic control of Lukla Airport (who did not close the airport despite the foggy weather) and the crew of Flight 409, who are also suspected to have been stressed and fatigued, had violated standard operating procedures. Lastly, the committee suggested that a runway extension of Lukla Airport should be considered, which would make the airport, where several accidents have occurred in the past, safer.[6]


Contrary to common practices in aviation, Summit Air did not retire the flight number 409 and still operates the flight from Kathmandu to Lukla under this number.[7]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Accident: Summit L410 at Lukla on May 27th 2017, contacted trees and impacted ground before runway". Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  2. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Let L-410UVP-E20 9N-AKY Lukla-Tenzing-Hillary Airport (LUA)". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  3. ^ "Bidding Final Farewell to Captain Rai". Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  4. ^ "Goma Air LET L410 crashes in Nepal". Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  5. ^ Pokhrel, Rajan (1 June 2017). "Fatal air crash in Lukla airport major setback on eve of ICAO audit". The Himalayan Times. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  6. ^ Prasain, Sangam. "Report: Goma Air crash due to 'very low' visibility". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Current Flight Schedule". Summit Air. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
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