Mahmud of Terengganu

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Sultan of Terengganu
Reign 21 September 1979 – 14 May 1998
Coronation 21 March 1981
Predecessor Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
Successor Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Born 29 April 1930
Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Died 14 May 1998 (aged 68)
Mount Elizabeth Hospital, Singapore
Spouse Tengku Ampuan Bariah
Tengku Ampuan Besar Terengganu Tengku Besar Terengganu Sharifa Nong Fatima binti Sayyid Abdullah
Issue Tengku Mizan
House Bendahara
Father Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
Mother Tengku Tengah Zaharah
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah Al-Haj (29 April 1930 – 14 May 1998) was the 17th Sultan of Terengganu from 21 September 1979 to 14 May 1998.


Sultan Mahmud was born on 29 April 1930 in Kuala Terengganu. He was married to Sharifah Nong Fatima As-Saggoff binti Sayyid Abdullah As-Saggoff and Tengku Ampuan Bariah binti Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah, sister of late Sultan Selangor, Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah in 1951. He was a cousin to the late Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah of Selangor.

Twenty eight years later, his father Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah died in 1979. He was installed as the Sultan of Terengganu in 1981 and Tengku Ampuan Bariah became Tengku Ampuan Besar of Terengganu.

Sultan Mahmud was the colonel for the Royal Armoured Corps (KAD) from 1979 until 1998.

He was a close friend of his advisor Tan Sri Wan Mokhtar Ahmad, the former Menteri Besar (chief minister) of Terengganu from 1974 to 1999. His main goal was to make Terengganu a developed state. Major state projects and developments under his reign including Petronas Petroleum Complex in Kerteh, Sultan Ismail Power Station at Paka the largest power station in Malaysia, Kenyir Dam, Sultan Mahmud Bridge, the bridge linking Kuala Terengganu to Pulau Duyong and Kuala Nerus, Wisma Darul Iman and Tengku Tengah Zaharah Mosque (Floating Mosque).

He performed the hajj pilgrimage with his cousin Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin of Selangor in 1984.


His favorite hobby was playing golf and photographers. He had taken pictures at every place of interest in the state include the Hotel Primula, Wisma Darul Iman, Istana Maziah, Tengku Tengah Zaharah Mosque (Floating Mosque), Abidin Mosque, Rantau Abang, and many more.


On 14 May 1998, he died in Mount Elizabeth Hospital, Singapore and was replaced by his son Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin. His body was laid to rest in the new Royal Mausoleum near Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Mosque in Kuala Terengganu. He was the first sultan of Terengganu to be buried here.


He was awarded:[1]

Honours of Terengganu

Honours of Malaysia

Foreign Honours


Several projects and institutions were named after the Sultan, including:

Educational institutions

Buildings, Bridges and Roads



  1. ^ Royal Ark, TERENGGANU 13
  2. ^ "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1981" (PDF).
Mahmud of Terengganu
Bendahara Dynasty
Born: 1930 Died: 1999
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
Sultan of Terengganu
Succeeded by
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
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