Sula Islands

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Sula Islands Regency
Kabupaten Kepulauan Sula
Islands and Regency
Official seal of Sula Islands Regency
Sula Islands Regency is located in Sula Islands
Sula Islands Regency
Sula Islands Regency
Location in Sula Islands, Maluku and Indonesia
Sula Islands Regency is located in Maluku
Sula Islands Regency
Sula Islands Regency
Sula Islands Regency (Maluku)
Sula Islands Regency is located in Indonesia
Sula Islands Regency
Sula Islands Regency
Sula Islands Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 1°52′S 125°22′E / 1.867°S 125.367°E / -1.867; 125.367Coordinates: 1°52′S 125°22′E / 1.867°S 125.367°E / -1.867; 125.367
Country  Indonesia
Province  North Maluku
Capital Sanana
 • Regent Hendrata Thes
 • Vice Regent Zulfahri Abdulah Duwila
 • Total 9.632 km2 (3.719 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 132.525
 • Density 14/km2 (36/sq mi)
Time zone IEST (UTC+9)
Area code (+62) 921

The Sula Islands Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Kepulauan Sula) is one of regency in North Maluku province.

Pre-Indonesian Independence saw the Sula Islands also known as the Xulla Islands, with Taliabo as Xulla Taliabo, Sanana as Xulla Bessi, and Mangola as Xulla Mangola.[1]


Sula Islands Regency comprises 12 districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their populations at the 2011 Census:[2]

Name English name Population
Census 2010
Mangole Barat West Mangole 7,084
Mangole Selatan South Mangole 4,665
Mangole Tengah Central Mangole 6,381
Mangole Timur East Mangole 4,301
Mangole Utara North Mangole 10,115
Mangole Utara Timur Northeast Mangole 3,777
Mangole Island (total) 36,323
Sanana 25,183
Sanana Utara North Sanana 5,675
Sula Besi Barat West Sula Besi 4,707
Sula Besi Selatan South Sula Besi 4,298
Sula Besi Tengah Central Sula Besi 5,929
Sula Besi Timur East Sula Besi 3,100
Sula Besi Island (total) 48,892


The Dutch built a fort on Sanana in 1652. Wallace visited the islands during an ornithological expedition in 1862.[3]

The Dutch era Fort De Verwachting in Sanana town as it looked in 1921


According to government data, Sula Islands Regency's food crops include vegetables, groundnuts, cassava, sweet potatoes, durian, mangosteen and mango. As of 2005 the area of agriculturally active land was 24743.56 hectares with production amounting to 33,608.62 tons per year. Taliabu-Sanana District is the main producer of cloves, nutmeg, cocoa, copra and other coconut products. Fishery production is very diverse with and estimated sustainable potential of 40,273.91 tonnes per year of which only 22.8 percent is currently exploited. Forestry is considered a potential industry with the natural forest-based Classification Map TGHK RTRWP suggesting a forest area of 471,951.53 hectares, but much of this is protected or hard to access, due to steep slopes and transportation logistics, and the islands' main plywood company, PT Barito Pacific Timber Group (in Falabisahaya, West Mangole) has closed. Industrial activity is very limited. There is a gold mine in East Mangoli District (at Waitina and Kawata) and coal mines are located in the peninsula of West Sula Besi District, East Taliabu and Sub Sanana (Wai Village Ipa). Reserves of coal are estimated around 10.4 million tonnes.


The following species are native to the Sula Islands:

Introduced species include:


  1. ^ Goodall, George (Editor)(1943) Philips' International Atlas London, George Philip and Son map 'East Indies' pp.91-92
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Wallace, Alfred Russel (1862). "2. List ofBirds from theSulaIslands(east ofCelebes),withDescriptions of theNewSpecies". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 30: 333–346. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1862.tb06537.x. 
  4. ^

External links

  • Tourist guide to the Sula Islands
  • Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) Profile of the Sula Islands
  • Investment Prospects in Sula (in Indonesian)
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