Suite for String Orchestra (Nielsen)

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Suite for String Orchestra
by Carl Nielsen
Carl Nielsen 1884.jpg
The composer in 1884
Catalogue
  • FS 6
  • Op. 1
Performed 9 September 1888 (1888-09-09): Copenhagen at Tivoli Hall
Scoring string orchestra

Carl Nielsen's Suite for String Orchestra was one of the composer's earliest works and was first performed at the Tivoli Hall on 8 September 1888.

Background

Nielsen composed the Suite for String Orchestra when he was only 22 and was still studying composition with Orla Rosenhoff, his former teacher at the Conservatory. It was first performed on 8 September 1888 at the Tivoli Hall in Copenhagen where the Tivoli Orchestra was conducted by Balduin Dahl, a recognised supporter of young talent. It was a great success. Nielsen, who played in the orchestra, was called back several times and the middle movement was played as an encore. Press reviews were mixed, but Avisen was very positive: "The young man obviously has a great deal on his musical mind that he wants to say, and what he told us on Saturday was presented in a beautiful, concise form, modestly and attractively, with excellent part-writing and an appealing fullness of sound that reveals an excellent eye for the string material." The work marked an important milestone in Nielsen's career as it was not only his first real success but it was also the first of his pieces he conducted himself when it was played in Odense a month later.[1]

In an interview with Pressens Magasin in 1918, Nielsen said that the movements had subtitles: "The Danaids", "The Dance of the Charites" and "The Bacchus Procession".[1]

The Suite for String Orchestra was published by Wilhelm Hansen in 1890 with alterations by Nielsen, especially in the third movement.[2]

Music

The suite's rather short elegiac first movement is reminiscent of Scandinavian Romanticism as expressed by Grieg and Svendsen. The Intermezzo, a waltz, gives a hint of the composer's love of triple time, and features the occasional flat seventh grace notes that would later become so characteristic of Nielsen's music. The comparatively expansive Finale opens solemnly with the elegy theme but soon breaks loose into an animated sonata form in which Nielsen reintroduces the opening theme.[3][4]

Performances today

On the basis of information from the Carl Nielsen Society, the Suite for Strings is currently one of Nielsen's most widely performed works, both in Scandinavia and the rest of the world.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Preface: Suite for String Orchestra, Opus 1", Carl Nielsen Udgaven CN 00009, Royal Danish Library. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
  2. ^ "Young and promising", Carl Nielsen Society. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  3. ^ Jack Lawson, "Nielsen String Quartets Volume 1", Chandos Records Ltd.
  4. ^ Wayne Reisig, "Little Suite, for string orchestra in A minor, FS 6 (Op. 1)". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  5. ^ "Performances" Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine., Carl Nielsen Society. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
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