Indigenous peoples of the Subarctic

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Map showing regions of North America

Indigenous peoples of the Subarctic are the aboriginal peoples who live in the Subarctic regions of the Americas, Asia and Europe, located south of the true Arctic. This region includes the interior of Alaska, the Western Subarctic or western Canadian Shield and Mackenzie River drainage area, the Eastern Subarctic or Eastern Canadian Shield, Scandinavia, Western Russia and East Asia.[1] Peoples of subarctic Siberia and Greenland are included in the subarctic; however, Greenlandic Inuit are usually classified as Indigenous peoples of the Arctic.

Languages

Native subarctic peoples have over 38 languages, falling into nine major language families: Algonquian[2], Athapaskan[2], Indo-European, Japonic, Koreanic, Mongolic, Sino-Tibetan, Turkic and Uralic.

Arts and cultures

Caribou and deer has traditionally played a central role in Subarctic culture. Besides providing food, caribou and deer provides clothing, shelter, and tools, such as the babiche bag, made of caribou rawhide. Moosehair embroidery and porcupine quill embroidery are worked onto hides and birchbark. After introduction by Europeans, glass beads became popular and are sewn into floral designs.[1] Additionally, some cultures practiced agriculture, alongside hunting and gathering.

List of indigenous peoples of the Subarctic

Distribution of Cree peoples within Canada

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Native Art." The Canadian Encyclopedia. (retrieved 29 Dec 2010)
  2. ^ a b Corbett, Steve. "Native Peoples of the Subarctic." Johnson County Community College. (retrieved 21 Nov 2010)
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