Wendouree, Victoria

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Wendouree
BallaratVictoria
View west over Wendouree from the showgrounds.jpg
View west over Howitt Street from the exhibition grounds.
Wendouree is located in City of Ballarat
Wendouree
Wendouree
Coordinates 37°31′55″S 143°49′23″E / 37.532°S 143.823°E / -37.532; 143.823Coordinates: 37°31′55″S 143°49′23″E / 37.532°S 143.823°E / -37.532; 143.823
Population 10,445 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density 1,074.6/km2 (2,783.2/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3355
Area 9.72 km2 (3.8 sq mi)
Location 5 km (3 mi) NW of Ballarat Central
LGA(s) City of Ballarat
State electorate(s) Wendouree
Federal Division(s) Ballarat
Suburbs around Wendouree:
Miners Rest Mount Rowan Invermay Park
Mitchell Park Wendouree Ballarat North
Lake Gardens Lake Wendouree Soldiers Hill

Wendouree (/ˌwɛndəˈr/) is a large suburb on the north western rural-urban fringe of the city of Ballarat, in Victoria, Australia. It is the most populated suburb in the City of Ballarat with a total of 10,445 inhabitants counted at the 2016 Census.[1]

It is named after nearby Lake Wendouree, which derives its name from the Wathaurong word wendaaree, meaning "be off" (or "go away"). It incorporates the unofficial locality of Wendouree West.

Wendouree has the second most important business district in Greater Ballarat, and is also the location of several Ballarat-based commercial and industrial firms.

Landmarks of Wendouree include the Minerdome, the home of the Ballarat Miners and Ballarat Rush; the Ballarat Showgrounds, where the annual Ballarat Show is held; Eureka Stadium, which is the home ground of the North Ballarat VFL (Australian Football) club and has hosted Australian Football League matches since 2017, the former St Mary's Redemptorist Monastery, Stockland Wendouree shopping centre, and the Wendouree Centre for the Performing Arts.

History

In 1838 a squatter called William Cross Yuille camped on the shores of the Black Swamp, now known as Lake Wendouree, the first Ballarat resident. The Yuille Pastoral Run developed during the mid-1800s.

Wendouree Post Office opened on 17 February 1871.[2]

Significant urban growth in Wendouree began shortly after the Second World War, encouraged by the development of industrial areas to the west.

The Howitt Street shopping centre opened in 1962, and Wendouree Village shopping centre (now Stockland) opened in 1978.

The landmark St Mary's Redemptorist Monastery in Gillies Street was converted into apartments beginning in 2000.

Commerce and Industry

Howitt Street and the former St Mary's Redemptorist Monastery. Harvey Norman is on the left.

Wendouree's main commercial area is along the western section of Howitt Street between Forest and Gillies Streets, and along Gillies Street between Howitt and Norman Streets. Located in this area are the Howitt Street Shopping Centre, the Wendouree Homemaker Centre and Stockland Wendouree, as well as fast-food restaurants, car dealerships, community and health-care facilities and a number of small office buildings.

Education

Wendouree is home to Ballarat Grammar School in Forest Street and the Wendouree campus of Ballarat Secondary College. Wendouree also has four primary schools, Wendouree Primary, Forest Street Primary, Our Lady Help of Christians Parish Primary, and Yuille Park Community College.

Ballarat Grammar is an independent Kindergarten to Year 12 school affiliated with the Anglican Church of Australia. It was opened by Bishop Green on the current site at the corner of Howitt and Forest Streets in 1911 as a school only for boys. In 1973 the school amalgamated with the Queens Grammar School for girls in Ballarat Central, with the girls making the move to the larger Wendouree campus.

Ballarat Secondary College (Wendouree Campus) is located at the corner of Forest Street and Giot Drive, at the northern end of the suburb. It opened in 1978 as the Wendouree High Technical School. Its name changed to Wendouree Secondary College in 1990. In 1993 the school agreed to amalgamate with Ballarat East Secondary College (originally High School) and Midlands Secondary College (originally Ballarat North Technical School) to form Ballarat Secondary College. The Wendouree campus, like that of Ballarat East, caters for years 7 to 10. Years 11 and 12 are accommodated at the Barkly Street, Ballarat Central, campus opened in 2000. It replaced the Midlands campus, which has since been demolished.

Wendouree Primary School (PS 1813) is located on Howitt Street opposite the Howitt Street shopping centre.

Forest Street Primary School (PS 4936) is located at the northern end of Forest Street near the secondary college. It opened in February 1966.

Our Lady Help of Christians Parish Primary School is located on Gillies Street in the suburb's north-west. It was opened on October 15, 1961, with the foundation staff of Srs. Anne Gardan, Anotoinette Russo, Paulinus Setford and Austin Connellan.

Wendouree West Primary School (State School No 4701) opened in 1957. The Victorian Government Gazzette 815[3] dated 26 September 1956 records the first Primary School originally being constructed as a six classroom, concrete veneer, timber framed building that cost 21,300 pounds to construct. The builder was the local Ballarat building firm A. V. Jennings Contructions. In 1972 the school was given a State award for having the best maintained school grounds in Victoria, with extensive plantings of flower beds and native trees. In 1975 a library, art room and multi-function hall complex was built at the expense of the removal of many of the best native flower and rose beds. In 1977 the primary school population peaked at 437 children. This number decreased significantly with the establishment of the temporary Yuille Primary School to the north in 1981. Wendouree West Primary was renamed Grevillea Park in the early 1990s.

Yuille Park Community College (PS 5520), located on Violet Grove in the west of the suburb, opened in brand new buildings in 2007 as the merger of Yuille Primary School and Grevillea Park Primary School.[4] The Yuille Primary School buildings in McKenzie Drive are now used for running alternative education programs for disinterested students.

Healthcare and Community Services

Within Wendouree are a number of significant healthcare facilities. These include the Queen Elizabeth Village, an aged care complex next to Stockland Wendouree, in Gillies Street. It is a publicly owned service and part of the larger Queen Elizabeth Centres of the Ballarat Health Services. In Howitt Street near Wendouree Primary School is the Kelaston aged care centre and the Vision Australia Centre. Another facility, Mulvra Aged Care, is a privately run centre in Dowling Street, opposite the Wendouree Sports Complex.

Along both Howitt and Gillies Streets are many medical practices, some offering specialist services, such as podiatry, paediatrics, pathology, and medical imagery. The Ballarat Day Procedure Centre is in Howitt Street near the intersection with Forest Street.

Wendouree Veterinary Practice is also in Howitt Street.

Child care and pre-school centres in Wendouree are located in College Street; Forest Street, near the Forest Street Primary School; Dare Street, as part of Ballarat Grammar School; Howitt Street, opposite the Day Procedure Centre; Gillies Street, opposite Weeramar Park; Norman Street, next to Weeramar Park; and Hazel Road.

Adjoining Yuille Park College is the Wendouree West Community House, a neighbourhood centre offering social opportunities, adult education courses, and programs specifically designed for children, for youth, for men and for women. The Wendouree Community Health Centre, located near the corner of Learmonth Road and Gillies Street, provides health information and counselling, as well as space for hire for local groups and events.

Transport

Wendouree Railway Station

Wendouree is serviced by several bus routes: Route 11 terminates at Wendouree Station. Ballarat Station to Wendouree Station via Drummond Street. Route 12 terminates at Wendouree Station. Ballarat Station to Wendouree Station via Midland Highway and Dowling Street. Route 31 terminates at Wendouree Station. Wendouree Station to Miners Rest via Learmonth Road. Route 10 stops at Wendouree Station. Ballarat Station to Alfredton via Wendouree and Midland Highway, Forest Street and Gillies Street. Ballarat Taxis operates in Wendouree and throughout Ballarat and offers the only night transport in Wendouree excluding Night Trains and Coaches.[5] Wendouree railway station, opened in 2009, is located on the south-western edge of the suburb, just off Learmonth Road.

Sports Facilities

Eureka Stadium at Ballarat Showgrounds in Wendouree

Wendouree has a number of sporting facilities including the Minerdome basketball stadium, home of the Ballarat Miners and Rush, Wendouree Oval, the Sports & Events Centre and Eureka Stadium, home of the North Ballarat Football Club.

AFL Player/Coach Mick Malthouse was raised in Wendouree West, where he played football, and later joined North Ballarat club, before going on to play for St Kilda and Richmond in the VFL/AFL. Later coaching AFL teams Footscray, West Coast Eagles, Collingwood, and Carlton.[6]

The Wendouree Central Bowling Club is located across the railway line in the suburb of Lake Wendouree. The Webbcona Bowls Club is situated in Grevillea Road, in the north-east of Wendouree next to the Minerdome. Just to the north of these facilities is the Hollioake Park Sports Complex which includes the Ballarat Tennis Centre, Table Tennis Stadium and the Ken Kay Badminton Stadium.

In the south-east of Wendouree, near the Showgrounds, is the Wendouree Sports Complex. This complex incorporates the Wendouree Football Oval (C. E. Brown Reserve), two smaller ovals, the Wendouree Swimming Pool, outdoor tennis courts, a skate park and the Wendouree Sports and Events Centre. The latter is the home of indoor netball in Wendouree.

Other sports facilities include the Wendouree West Recreation Reserve off Holly Grove, which has a football oval / cricket pitch and a BMX track; the large Ring Road reserve; and a number of small reserves within residential areas.

Neighbourhoods

Wendouree West

The Ballarat West Estate, later re-named as Wendouree West, was first planned in 1949 as a large public housing scheme of the Housing Commission of Victoria, to deal with the post-war housing shortage. Demand was also anticipated with the increasing 'baby boom' and intake of post-war immigrants. The estate originally consisted of 750 prefabricated timber bungalows that were mostly built between 1952 and 1962. Initially many of its residents worked in nearby manufacturing plants producing building laminate, caravans and roller bearings.

Wendouree West Post Office opened in February 1955. The post office was relocated to Wendouree Village Shopping Centre (now Stockland) in 1992.[2]

Early plans envisaged the estate to be an urban planning model, however development of infrastructure was considerably slower than the construction of housing, with many homes not being connected to sewerage or served by sealed roads until the late 1950s. During the 1950s an aggressive and active community development committee was established, and elements of this committee still remain today, promoting the ongoing development of the neighbourhood. In the mid-1950s a small shopping centre, playgrounds, a kindergarten and other amenities were built. During the 1970s a further 500, more substantial modern brick veneer homes were built to the north of the estate. By the late 1970s the population of the suburb peaked at approximately 5,000.

Today, the estate has a resident population representing a mixture of cultures and age groups. The estate is noted as having low socio-economic resources due to higher-than-average unemployment, a high population of aged residents, and inter-generational social welfare dependency.[7]

Attempts over the years to change the name of Wendouree West were met with mixed responses from residents throughout Ballarat. In the early 2000s, during a process to make official the boundaries of all cities, towns and suburbs in Victoria, it was determined that Wendouree West would exist only as an unofficial neighbourhood name. The name Wendouree West (or "Westie") was often used to stigmatise and as a term of derision, often placing its residents at a disadvantage when applying for employment and other positions in the wider Ballarat community. In large part, this historic stigmatisation has contributed to the ongoing disadvantage of its youths. The estate today is now included as part of Wendouree.

In recent years attempts have been made to rejuvenate the estate including the removal of many of the early prefabricated cottages and the construction of retirement units and modern private and public housing. Some 300 of the original houses are to be retained and many have already undergone extensive renovation and modernisation, but in such a way that the historical character of the area remains intact. The original Wendouree West State School buildings were demolished in early 2007, with the new replacement school opening as Yuille Park Community College, the product of amalgamation with Yuille Primary School. The renewal program has also seen a lot of civic improvements including street-scaping, an upgrade of the shopping centre, new footpaths and fences, as well as new play equipment, toilets and barbecue facilities in the parks.

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wendouree (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11
  3. ^ http://gazette.slv.vic.gov.au/images/1956/V/general/815.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.thecourier.com.au/news/local/news/general/a-new-beginning-for-school-community/463531.aspx
  5. ^ http://www.cdcvictoria.com.au/images/pdf/ballarat/New_Ballarat_Network_Map.pdf
  6. ^ http://australianfootball.com/articles/view/Mick%2BMalthouse%2B-%2B40%2Byears%2Bon/110
  7. ^ Nothing comes easy in Wendouree west
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