Stephen Bersted

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Stephen Bersted
Bishop of Chichester
Elected 1262
Term ended 21 October 1287
Predecessor John Climping
Successor Gilbert of St Leonard
Other posts Canon of Chichester
Orders
Consecration 24 September 1262
Personal details
Died 21 October 1287

Stephen Bersted[a] (died 1287) was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.

Life

Bersted was from a humble background,[2] and came from Bersted, Sussex which at the time was part of the archbishop of Canterbury's estate at Pagham. He studied at Oxford University, and was a regent of theology there for a time.[3] He was a canon of Chichester[1] and a chaplain to Richard of Chichester when Richard was bishop of Chichester.[3] Bersted was elected to the see of Chichester between 26 May and 20 June 1262. He was consecrated on 24 September 1262[4] at Canterbury.[1] He was a supporter of Simon de Montfort which earned him a suspension from office on 1 December 1265 by the papal legate Ottobuono, but after traveling to Rome, he was absolved by Pope Gregory X on 26 November 1272. King Edward I of England however, confiscated his lands on his return from Rome, only restoring them to the bishop on 20 April 1273.[1] Stephen served as one of the three electors of the nine members of the council that Montfort set up after the Battle of Lewes in 1264. Bersted served with Montfort himself and Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester.[5] By June 1276 he was back in royal favor, for King Edward I of England attended the ceremony held that month where Bersted oversaw the translation of the relics of Richard of Chichester to a new shrine.[3]

Bersted became blind[3] a few years before he died on 21 October 1287. He was probably related to Thomas Bersted who was Dean of Chichester, and another Stephen of Bersted who was also a canon of Chichester.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ Sometimes Stephen of Pagham[1] or Stephen de Berksted[2]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Bishops
  2. ^ a b Moorman Church Life p. 159
  3. ^ a b c d Knowles ‘"Bersted, Stephen" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 239
  5. ^ Prestwich Plantagenet England pp. 114–115

References

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1996). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Bishops. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 20 October 2007. 
  • Knowles, Clive H. (2004). "Bersted, Stephen (b. before 1220, d. 1287)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2228. Retrieved 27 November 2007. 
  • Moorman, John R. H. (1955). Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century (Revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. OCLC 213820968. 
  • Prestwich, Michael (2005). Plantagenet England 1225–1360. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-922687-0. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John Climping
Bishop of Chichester
1262–1287
Succeeded by
Gilbert of St Leonard


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