Stepan Vytvytskyi

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Stepan Vytvytskyi
Степан Витвицький
Stepan Vytvytskyi (UNR President).jpg
2nd President of Ukraine in exile
In office
January, 1954 – October, 1965
Preceded by Andriy Livytskyi
Succeeded by Mykola Livytskyi
Personal details
Born (1884-03-13)13 March 1884
Uhornyky, Austro-Hungary
Died 9 October 1965(1965-10-09) (aged 81)
New York City, New York
Nationality Ukrainian
Spouse(s) Melaniya Vytvytska

Stepan Vytvytskyi or Dr. Stepan Wytwycky (Ukrainian: Степан Витвицький) (13 March 1884 near Stanislawow — 9 October 1965 in New York City, United States) was a Ukrainian politician, diplomat, and journalist. He was the President of the Ukrainian People's Republic in exile (1954-1965).


Stepan Vytvytskyi was born on 13 March 1884, in the village of Uhornyky, next to the city of Stanislawow, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria in Austria-Hungary (now Ukraine). He studied at the law faculties of the Lviv and Vienna Universities. During his years as a student, Vytvytskyi was the head of Academic Hromada in Lviv and the organization Sich in Vienna. In 1910, he began his practice as a lawyer in Drohobych. In 1914, he entered the Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen military organization. From 1915-1918, he was a member of the editorial board of the newspaper Dila, and an editor on the Svoboda newspaper, both being based in Lviv.

While being a member of the Ukrainian National-Democratical Party (UNDP) in October 1918, he was elected as a secretary of the Ukrainian National Rada of the West Ukrainian People's Republic (ZUNR). He was a member of the Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR) Tsentralna Rada and the governmental secretary of foreign affairs of the UPR. As a secretary of the Ukrainian National Rada, he was a member of the delegation of the ZUNR at the Worker's Congress of Ukraine in Kiev, and a delegation member of the act of merging the ZUNR and UPR on January 22, 1919.

Since October 1919, he was the speaker of the diplomatic missions of the Directory of Ukraine in Warsaw. For some time, Vytvytskyi headed the secretary of foreign affairs in the government of ZUNR in exile in Vienna. In 1921−1923, he headed the ZUNR mission in Paris and London, persuading the governments of these countries (France, United Kingdom) to recognize the occupation of the eastern territory of Galicia by Poland, and help with the re-establishment of its independence.

In 1924, he continued his lawyer practice in Drohobych. From 1935−1939, he was elected to the Polish Sejm from the Drohobycz district. With the occupation of Galicia by Bolsheviks in 1939, he left Drohobych and emigrated to the west. In 1945, he was elected as the co-speaker of the Central Ukrainian Emigration Commission in Germany. After the death of Andriy Livytskyi in 1954, Stepan Vytvytskyi was elected as the president of the Ukrainian People's Republic in exile. He died in New York City on October 9, 1965, and was buried at the cemetery of Bound Brook, New Jersey.

External links

  • - Biography of Stepan Vytvytskyi (in Ukrainian)
  • Svoboda. The Ukrainian Weekly. December 2, 1961.
Political offices
Preceded by
Andriy Livytskyi
President of Ukraine in exile
Succeeded by
Mykola Livytskyi
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