State Transit Authority

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State Transit Authority
State Transit Authority of New South Wales.jpg
Logo of the STA, used until 2010
Statutory Authority overview
Formed 16 January 1989
Preceding Statutory Authority
Jurisdiction Sydney
Headquarters Sydney
Minister responsible
Statutory Authority executive
  • Steffen Faurby, Chief Executive
Parent Statutory Authority Transport for New South Wales
Key document
  • Transport Authorities Act 1980 (NSW)

The State Transit Authority, also referred to as State Transit or STA, is an agency of the Government of New South Wales operating bus services in Sydney. The STA reports to the Minister for Transport, Andrew Constance. The current chief executive is Steffen Faurby.[1]


Bus stop on George Street

In view of its political sensitivity, the agencies responsible for public transport in New South Wales are frequently restructured. Buses and ferries were the responsibility of the Department of Government Transport until 1972, when it was merged with the New South Wales Government Railways to form the Public Transport Commission.

In July 1980 the Transport Authorities Act 1980 (NSW) separated the functions of the Public Transport Commission with the State Rail Authority taking responsibility for trains, and the Urban Transit Authority responsibility for buses and ferries.[2]

In January 1989 the Urban Transit Authority was restructured as the State Transit Authority taking over the private bus service functions of the Department of Motor Transport.[3] In October 1989, the Chullora Bus Workshops closed with a smaller facility established at Randwick for mechanical repairs with body repairs contracted to the private sector. The remaining four hydrofoils were replaced by three JetCats and the MetroTen ticketing system introduced a few years before was replaced with the Automated Fare Collection System in use today.

In December 1999 North & Western Bus Lines was purchased followed in February 2000 by Parramatta-Ryde Bus Service.[4][5]

In 2004 the STA's Sydney Ferries business was separated into a separate agency, Sydney Ferries Corporation. In January 2005 most of former Harris Park Transport routes were taken over from Hillsbus, which were then given back to Hillsbus in September 2005 with the exception of routes 623, 624, 628 and 629. On 13 October 2013, the Western Sydney Buses was transferred to Transit Systems Sydney.

Until the end of June 2017, State Transit also operated services in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie through Newcastle Buses & Ferries. These services are now operated by Newcastle Transport.[6]

Former units

The State Transit Authority also comprised three former business units.

Sydney Ferries

Sydney Ferries is the public transport authority for ferry services on Port Jackson in Sydney. It was established in 2004 as a government agency, separate of the State Transit Authority. Since July 2012 the provision of services has been contracted out to Harbour City Ferries.[7]

Western Sydney Buses

Western Sydney Buses Custom Coaches CB60 bodied Volvo B12BLE in Liverpool in July 2013

Formed in 2003, Western Sydney Buses operated route T80, a bus rapid transit service in Western Sydney on the Liverpool-Parramatta T-way. Passengers made 2.77 million journeys with Western Sydney Buses in the 2011/12 financial year.[8] Western Sydney Buses operated out of a corner of Westbus' Bonnyrigg depot.[9]

In November 2012, Transit Systems Sydney won the tender for Sydney Bus Region 3 which included route T80 with the service and 22 buses transferring on 13 October 2013.[9][10]

Newcastle Buses & Ferries

MV Shortland operating the Newcastle-Stockton ferry service in July 2006

Newcastle Buses & Ferries was a bus and ferry service operator in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. It operated 28 bus routes plus a ferry service across the Hunter River between Newcastle and Stockton. The network radiateed from a bus terminal near Newcastle station. Major interchanges were located at the University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Glendale, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown Square and Westfield Kotara.

Newcastle Buses & Ferries ceased trading on 30 June 2017, with Keolis Downer trading as Newcastle Transport taking over.[6]


State Transit operates a number of high-profile services.

As of 2014/15, State Transit has not met its on-time running target in any of its four metropolitan contract regions for the last three years, although its performance has improved in three of the regions.[15]

State Transit operates services in the following areas:


As of August 2017, the fleet consisted of 2,006 buses operating from 12 depots.[16]

All State Transit vehicles are now fitted with CCTV cameras. The STA continues to improve its environmental impact with a large percentage of the fleet being powered by compressed natural gas as well as meeting strict emissions regulations with 270 Euro 5 compliant vehicles entering service from 2007.

Chassis Body Year Easy Access Number Notes
Scania L113TRB 14.5-metre Ansair Orana 1993/94 47 3447 scrapped – chassis damage and 3422 – fire damage
Scania L113CRB Ansair Orana 1994/95 76 Compressed Natural Gas
Scania L113CRL Ansair Orana 1996–1998 149
MAN 11.220 Ansair Orana 1996 16 Original order of 30
Volvo B10B Custom Coaches 238 1996 4 ex North & Western Bus Lines, all at Newcastle depot
Mercedes-Benz O405N Ansair Orana 1996/97 2 All at Newcastle depot
Volvo B10BLE Ansair Orana 1997/98 64 3888 scrapped (Spit Hill accident)
Volvo B10BLE Phoenix Bus Orana 1997/98 59 3936 scrapped (fire damage)
Mercedes-Benz O405 Custom Coaches 516 1998 4 ex North & Western Bus Lines
Mercedes-Benz O405NH Custom Coaches Citaro 1999–2002 284 Compressed Natural Gas, model discontinued after this order, 1271 scrapped after fatal car accident
Volvo B12BLE Custom Coaches CB60 2003–2007 150
Volvo B12BLE Volgren CR228L 2004/05 48
Volvo B12BLEA Euro 3 Custom Coaches CB60 2005/06 79 1695 written-off (fire damage)
Volvo B12BLEA Euro 5 Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II 2008 2
Volvo B12BLE Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II 2007–2011 270
Mercedes-Benz OC500LE Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II 2008–2011 253 Compressed Natural Gas, 4878 scrapped (fire damage)
Scania N310UA Volgren CR228L 2008 1
Scania K310UA Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II 2008 1
Scania K310UB 14.5-metre Volgren CR228L 2009 1
Mercedes-Benz OC500LE Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II 2009/10 20
Volvo B12BLEA Volgren CR228L 2009–2011 150
Volvo B7RLE Custom Coaches CB80 2011–2013 120
Scania K280UB Custom Coaches CB80 2011–2013 100
Volvo B7RLE Volgren CR228L 2011/12 33
Mercedes-Benz OC500LE Custom Coaches CB80 2009 1 ex demonstrator, replacement for 4878
Scania K280UB Bustech VST 2013–2016 127
Scania K280UB Bustech VSTM 2014/15 27 All at Waverley depot
Iveco Metro Volgren Optimus 2014/15 7 All at Randwick depot
Volvo B7RLE Bustech VST 2015-2016 45
Scania K310UB Bustech VST 2016 40

In the early 1990s, State Transit adopted a white and blue livery with a red stripe. This livery with minor variations was retained until 2010, when the Transport for New South Wales white and blue livery was adopted. Buses dedicated to Metrobus services are painted in a red livery.


State Transit operate 12 depots. The depots (depot code indicated) are located at:


  1. ^ Christmas spirit celebrated on Sydney buses Transport for NSW 12 December 2013
  2. ^ Urban Transit Authority of New South Wales NSW Government State Records
  3. ^ "New name for Urban Transit" Fleetline February 1989 page 22
  4. ^ "State Transit Reaches Parramatta" Fleetline January 2000 page 22
  5. ^ "STA Purchases North & Western and Parramatta-Ryde" Australian Bus Panorama 15/4 February 1990
  6. ^ a b Keolis Downer awarded contract to run light rail, buses and ferries says Baird government Newcastle Herald 12 December 2016
  7. ^ New Sydney Ferries operator begins five months early Transport for NSW 28 July 2012
  8. ^ State Transit Authority Annual Report State Transport Authority 30 June 2012
  9. ^ a b STA former fleet list, Australian Bus Fleet Lists', Retrieved 25 April 2014
  10. ^ New bus contracts to drive improvements for customers Transport for NSW
  11. ^ Metrobus Sydney Buses
  12. ^ Lisa S. "Manly Daily | 2hrs 5mins – Sydney's longest bus trip". Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Prepay Sydney Buses
  14. ^ Route 891 NSW Transport Info
  15. ^ . Audit Office of New South Wales Retrieved 26 November 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ State Transit Authority Australian Bus Fleet Lists

External links

  • State Transit Authority – corporate information
  • Transport for NSW – corporate information
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