State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus

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State Security Committee (KGB) of the Republic of Belarus
Комитет государственной безопасности (КГБ) Республики Беларусь
KGB Belarus crest.svg
Emblem of the KGB of Belarus
КГБ РБ.JPG
KGB headquarters in Minsk
Special service overview
Formed October 31, 1991
Preceding agencies
Jurisdiction Belarus
Headquarters Minsk, Belarus
Employees Undisclosed
Special service executive
Website kgb.by

The State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus (Russian: Комитет государственной безопасности Республики Беларусь, КГБ, KGB; Belarusian: Камітэт дзяржаўнай бяспекі, КДБ; translit. Kamitet Dziaržaǔnaj Biaspieki, KDB) is the national intelligence agency of Belarus. Along with its counterparts in Transnistria and South Ossetia,[1] it is one of the few intelligence agencies that kept the Russian name "KGB" after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, albeit it is lost in translation when written in Belarusian (becoming KDB rather than KGB).

It is the Belarusian successor organization to the KGB of the Soviet Union. Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, who founded the Cheka – the original Bolshevik intelligence police – was born in what is now Belarus and remains an important figure in the state ideology of Belarus under president Alexander Lukashenko as well as a patron of the KGB of Belarus.

It is governed by the law About State Security Bodies of the Republic of Belarus. [2]

Major General Vadim Zaitsev, who was in charge of Lukashenko's personal security, was appointed its leader in July 2008. His tenure lasted until November 2012 and he was replaced by Valery Vakulchik.[3] The KGB is formally controlled by the president of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko.

Role in political repressions

According to human rights organisations, the United States, and the European Union, the KGB and its senior leadership play a key role in human rights violations and political repressions in Belarus. The KGB has maintained both the name, the symbols and some of the repressive functions of its Soviet predecessor, the KGB of the Soviet Union.

Several dozens former Chairmen and senior officers of the KGB of Belarus have been included in the sanctions lists of the European Union and the United States, especially following the brutal crackdown of peaceful protests that followed the allegedly falsified presidential elections of 2006 and 2010.[4] Against most of them, the sanctions have been lifted in 2016 following an improvement of the Belarus–European Union relations.

KGB officers sanctioned by the EU or the US

Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen

Torture[6]

Sector (Board) commanders

  • Yaruta, Viktor Gueorguevich, Head of the KGB Board on State Communications
  • Maslakov, Valeri Anatolievich, Head of the KGB Board of Intelligence
  • Shugaev, Sergei Mikhailovich, Head of the KGB Counter-Intelligence Division and former Deputy Head of the KGB Counter-Intelligence Board
  • Sanko, Ivan Ivanovich, Major, senior investigator of the KGB
  • Tolstashov, Aleksandr Olegovich, Head of the KGB Board on Protection of the Constitutional Order and Fight Against Terrorism
  • Voropaev, Igor Grigorievich, former Head of the KGB Board on State Communications
  • Volkov, Sergei Mikhailovich, former Head of the KGB Board of Intelligence
  • Zakharov, Alexey Ivanovich, former Head of Military Counter-intelligence Board of the KGB

Regional commanders

In 2011, commanders of the KGB in the regions of Belarus were accused by the EU of being responsible for political repressions in their regions:[6]

  • Busko, Igor Yevgenyevich, Head of the KGB of the Brest Region;
  • Gerasimenko, Gennadi Anatolievich, former Head of the KGB of the Vitebsk Region
  • Kalach, Vladimir Viktorovich, Head of the KGB of the Minsk Region and the city of Minsk, former Deputy Head of the KGB for Minsk
  • Korzh, Ivan Alekseevich, Head of the KGB of the Hrodna Region
  • Kuznetsov, Igor Nikonovich, former Head of the KGB in the Minsk Region and in Minsk city
  • Leskovski, Ivan Anatolievich, Head of the KGB for Homel and former Deputy Head of the KGB for Homel
  • Sergeenko, Igor Petrovich, Head of the KGB of the City District of Mahiliou

See also

References

  1. ^ "South Ossetian KGB Says Situation Could Get Out Of Control". Radio Free Europe. 1 December 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  2. ^ "The State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus". www.kgb.by. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Belarusian KGB's new chief is Valery Vakulchik". DiploNews. 20 November 2012. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
  4. ^ Поўны спіс 208 беларускіх чыноўнікаў, якім забаронены ўезд у ЕС - Nasha Niva, 11.10.2011
  5. ^ "Sanctions List Search". sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "EUR-Lex - 32012D0642 - EN - EUR-Lex". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 3 March 2018.

External links

  • Official site of the State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus (in English)

Coordinates: 53°53′56″N 27°33′16″E / 53.89889°N 27.55444°E / 53.89889; 27.55444

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