State Library of New South Wales

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State Library of New South Wales
SLNSW logo.jpg
MitchellLibrarySydney.JPG
State Library of New South Wales, Mitchell Building, exterior
Country Australia
Type State Library[note 1]
Established 1826
Reference to legal mandate Library Act 1939
Location Macquarie Street and 1 Shakespeare Place, Sydney central business district, City of Sydney, New South Wales
Coordinates 33°51′58″S 151°12′48″E / 33.86611°S 151.21333°E / -33.86611; 151.21333Coordinates: 33°51′58″S 151°12′48″E / 33.86611°S 151.21333°E / -33.86611; 151.21333
Collection
Size 5 million items (5,000,000)
Legal deposit Since 1879[1]
Other information
Budget A$91.7 million[2]
Director Dr John Vallance
(State Librarian)[3]
Website www.sl.nsw.gov.au
Map
State Library of New South Wales is located in Sydney
State Library of New South Wales
Location in Sydney
Built 1905–1910
Architect
Official name State Library of NSW; Mitchell Library
Type State heritage (built)
Designated 2 April 1999
Reference no. 1071
Type Library
Category Education
Builders
  • Howie Bros (1939);
  • FWC Powell & Sons (1959);
  • Mellocco Bros (1964)

The State Library of New South Wales, part of which is known as the Mitchell Library, is a large heritage-listed special collections, reference and research library open to the public. It is the oldest library in Australia, being the first established in New South Wales (now a state of Australia) in 1826.[4] The library is located on the corner of Macquarie Street and Shakespeare Place, in the Sydney central business district adjacent to the Domain and the Royal Botanic Gardens, in the City of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The library is a member of the National and State Libraries Australasia (NSLA) consortium.

The State Library of New South Wales building was designed by Walter Liberty Vernon, assisted by H. C. L. Anderson and was built from 1905 to 1910, with further additions by Howie Bros in 1939; by FWC Powell & Sons in 1959; and by Mellocco Bros in 1964. The property was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.[5]

History

The first library collections were part of the Australian Subscription Library which was started by a group of wealthy Sydney citizens in 1826. It was then purchased for £5,100 by the New South Wales Government in 1869 and became the Sydney Free Public Library. In 1895 it was renamed the Public Library of New South Wales until its most recent name change in 1975, when it became the State Library of New South Wales.[4]

Establishment (1826–1900)

The Australian Subscription Library was established in 1826 at a meeting at the Sydney Hotel chaired by barrister John Mackaness.[6] Library membership was subject to committee approval. Dr James Mitchell, father of David Scott Mitchell (who would later bequeath his collection to the library), was a committee member from 1832 to 1853[7] and Vice President from 1856 to 1869.[8]

In December 1827 operations began in rented premises in Pitt Street and in the two years following, the Library led a peripatetic existence having been located a few years in George Street, Bridge Street, Macquarie Street and Macquarie Place. The library had financial problems and required more space to house its growing collections but negotiations in 1838 to construct a new library building broke down over member unwillingness to broaden access to the library. Fortunately for the members later negotiations with the government were more successful and construction of a new library building began in 1843.[7] The foundation stone for this new building, on the corner of Bent and Macquarie Streets, was laid by Alexander Macleay[7] and the library was opened in 1845.[4]

Financial difficulties continued, and by 1869 the subscription library was in serious debt. The New South Wales Government was persuaded to buy it for £5,100 (£1,500 for the books and £3,600 for the building). In September 1869, the Sydney Free Public Library opened its doors with a stock of 20,000 volumes.[4] Over 60,000 people visited the library in its first year of operation as the Free Public Library.[7] Robert Cooper Walker was appointed Principal Librarian. He, in collaboration with the Trustees (led by Charles Badham), worked to expand the educational role of the library both through collection expansion and the production of printed catalogues of the library's collection.[9]

The library expanded its operations, opening a lending branch in 1877. This lending branch was handed to the Sydney Municipal Council in 1909 and later became the City of Sydney Library. Another of Walker's initiatives was to establish services across the state, with loans to organisations including the Wollongong School of Arts and the Mechanics' Institute at Plattsburg (modern-day Wallsend)[7] and services for regional libraries from 1883.[9] The library's collection continued to grow, causing continual storage and overcrowding problems;[10] new additions included a First Folio in 1885 and the papers of William Bligh in 1902.

The Mitchell and Dixson bequests (1900–1929)

Sketch of D S Mitchell, detail from L. Lindsay etching of W. Syer sketch, State Library NSW

Australiana was a collecting focus for the library[10] and David Scott Mitchell's collecting activities came to the attention of Henry Charles Lennox Anderson, Principal Librarian from 1893–1906. Anderson's stated aim of making the library 'a National, and not a Municipal, Library' led him to collect Australiana material.[11] However, Mitchell's efforts to collect as many books and manuscripts relating to Australia, the Pacific, the East Indies and Antarctica, particularly from 1886 onwards, created competition for these materials.[12] Anderson realised that the library did not have the budget or contacts to compete with Mitchell (from the 1880s onward, George Robertson gave Mitchell first right of refusal on Australiana material purchased by Angus & Robertson), and attempted to build a working relationship with Mitchell.[7] In 1898, Mitchell announced his intention to leave his collection to the people of New South Wales, subject to conditions including that the collection would be known as "the Mitchell Library".[13] Although his offer was quickly accepted, construction of a new building to house the collection was delayed for several years.[12]

Construction commenced in 1906, one year before Mitchell's death.[7] Following Anderson's resignation in 1907, Frank Murcott Bladen (former head of the library's lending branch) was appointed Principal Librarian.[14] In 1909, Hugh Wright was appointed to the newly created position of Mitchell Librarian; the creation of this role was another condition of Mitchell's bequest.[13] Nita Kibble was another early member of the library staff.[7] The Mitchell Library officially opened on 8 March 1910; Mungo MacCallum, then President of the Library Board of Trustees, spoke at the opening.[7] The public library remained in the Bent Street building.[7]

Portrait of Sir William Dixson

Mitchell had not kept a catalogue of his collection, and as a result, cataloguing was an early priority for librarians in the Mitchell Library.[10] A research department was established as part of the public library in the 1920s under the direction of Nita Kibble, while Ida Leeson as Head of Acquisitions researched gaps in the library's collections.[10] Kibble's research department was later used as a model by other State Libraries when establishing similar services.[15] Mitchell's bequest also included funding for collection acquisition; expanding the library's collection (particularly in the area of Australiana and Pacific material) was a priority for both Wright and William Ifould, who was appointed Principal Librarian in 1912.[16] Ifould envisioned the library as a repository of material relating to the history of Australia, not just New South Wales,[16] and led efforts to collect material.[10] The library acquired the papers of Lachlan Macquarie and his family in 1914,[17][18] Matthew Flinders in 1922, and Abel Tasman's journal in 1926, and after World War I collected journals of soldiers from that conflict.[7] The Commonwealth Parliamentary Library (now the National Library of Australia), established in 1901, was also collecting Australiana material. This led to conflict over the acquisition of the papers of James Cook, which were offered at auction in London in 1923. The Trustees chose not to bid for the papers as doing so would have limited the library's Australiana acquisitions budget for several years and Ifould, already in London with hopes of purchasing the papers for the Mitchell Library, was directed instead to purchase them on behalf of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library and the Public Library of New South Wales using funds provided by the Federal Government.[10]

Sir William Dixson offered in 1919 to leave his collection of pictures, manuscripts and other materials relating to Australiana and the Pacific (particularly early European exploration)[6] to the library; his offer was accepted in 1924.[10] After a series of delays construction began on a new wing to house the collection, which was opened on 21 October 1929.[19] Dixson was the guest of honour at the opening of an exhibition to mark the centenary of Mitchell's birth in 1936,[20] and also paid for the bronze doors added to the Mitchell building in 1942, when extensions were added. His entire collection passed to the library after his death in 1952.[19]

Growth and change (1930–1980)

Ida Leeson in 1933 after being made Mitchell librarian

Wright retired in 1932 and Ida Leeson was appointed Mitchell Librarian.[21] In the 1930s, many women in the workforce suffered discrimination on the basis of gender,[22] and her appointment caused controversy due to the seniority of the position as the deputy for the Principal Librarian at the time.[10][21] The Library Trustees appointed a committee to consider the applicants and make an appointment. Despite the committee's support of Leeson (and general support of the Trustees for appointing the most suitable candidate regardless of gender), the Minister for Public Instruction was unwilling to approve the appointment due to the assumption that the Mitchell Librarian would deputise for the Principal Librarian and an unwillingness to see a woman in that role.[10][21] A new position of Deputy Principal Librarian was created and filled by John Wallace Metcalfe, a librarian who had worked in the public library for nine years.[23] This role would sit above the Mitchell Librarian role in the organisation's hierarchy.[10][24] The decision to create it was criticised by the National Council of Women.[25]

Main Reading Room, State Library of NSW, Sydney (NSW)

In 1934, Ralph Munn and E.R. Pitt led an inquiry into Australian libraries. Their report contrasted the regional library network in Australia with that in the United States of America and England,[26] and recommended that further efforts be made to establish and support regional libraries. Their recommendations included the establishment of free public libraries in every local council area; this was enshrined in the Library Act 1939,[10] which Ifould and Metcalfe helped to draft.[16][23] Metcalfe also founded the Australian Institute of Librarians (now the Australian Library and Information Association) in 1937, the first professional body representing librarians, and was heavily involved in the Free Library Movement in 1935.[23]

New indexes were created and cataloguing efforts continued to make the library's collections more accessible,[24] while some books were placed on open access.[10] The collection continued to grow. The Macarthur family papers were acquired in 1940,[6] and in 1954 much of Miles Franklin's personal and literary papers came to the library after her death. The remaining papers from her collection were sold at auction to a private collector, and acquired 30 years later by the library.[27] In collaboration with the State Library of Victoria and the National Library of Australia, a bibliography of sources relating to Asia and the Pacific was compiled in response to public interest sparked by World War II.[10]

John Metcalfe was appointed Principal Librarian in 1942 following Ifould's retirement.[23] Four years later Ida Leeson also retired, and Phyllis Mander-Jones was appointed as her successor, after a short time as Deputy Mitchell Librarian. During her tenure she prepared a report comparing archival practice in Australia with other countries, and arranged the acquisition of additional papers of the Macarthur family and the New South Wales Supreme Court's early records.[28]

Metcalfe was an advocate for free public libraries and supported their establishment throughout his career.[23] After Mander-Jones took leave in 1956, Jean Arnot was appointed Acting Mitchell Librarian. Three years later, after Metcalfe's retirement, Gordon Richardson was appointed as Principal Librarian. A series of position changes saw the Deputy Principal Librarian and Mitchell Librarians absorbed into the Principal Librarian position filled by Richardson.[10] This situation remained until Richardson's retirement in 1973; his successor, Russell Doust, re-established the Mitchell Librarian role as a separate one and appointed Suzanne Mourot.[10]

Dorothea Mackellar's papers were acquired in 1970, and Jørn Utzon's Sydney Opera House archive in 1972. The collection expanded in a new area with an oral history project, run in 1976, interviewing past staff members.[10] By 1978, all government archives had been moved to the State Records Authority of New South Wales (then called the Archives Authority of New South Wales),[10] which had been established in 1960[29] and was housed at the library until 1978.[10]

The library today

Reading Room
Level 2 Gallery

Computer cataloguing of the library's collections began in the 1980s.[10] The upcoming Australian Bicentenary prompted increasing public discussion about Australian society and history, and an increasing consciousness of women's history, multiculturalism in Australian society, and Indigenous Australian societies and histories.[10] The library responded to public discussion by increasing research into Indigenous material held at the library, creating and filling identified Indigenous Services Librarians positions in 1991,[10] and establishing an Indigenous Unit in 2013.[30] The Rainbow Archives project was established in the 1980s,[6] and migrants were interviewed to record oral histories for the collection.[10]

Russell Doust retired in 1987 and was succeeded by Alison Crook, who commenced in the role months before the opening of the new Macquarie Street Wing. 1988 also saw a major exhibition on the arrival of the First Fleet and the interactions of the European arrivals with the Indigenous people of the area, the Eora peoples.[10]

In 1998 the library acquired two large collections. The papers of George Bass were purchased for what was then the highest price paid at auction for manuscripts related to Australian topics.[31] The estate of Jean Garling, author and dancer, passed to the library on her death.[32] The library collections continue to expand, with recent acquisitions including 201 personal letters of surveyor John Septimus Roe (1797–1878) and the Edward Close sketchbook (1817–1818).[33] In 2013 the library acquired two memorials written by Portuguese explorer Pedro Fernandes de Queirós to King Philip appealing for funding for an expedition to the fabled Terra Australis.[34] The library holds a copy of all thirteen known surviving memorials.[35]

In early 2014 controversy erupted over proposed changes to the Mitchell Library.[36][37] A petition of over 200 well-known writers and academics was soon joined by over 9,000 other library users including historians, architects, archaeologists, academics and family historians. In reply the State Librarian, Dr Alex Byrne, issued an open letter,[38][39] and other writers debated the role of libraries in the digital age.[40][41] In response the Library announced a restoration programme which effectively reversed the proposed changes.

Building

The Mitchell Building

Mitchell's coat of arms
Tasman's map on the floor of the foyer of the Mitchell library

By the 1890s, the library was running out of space to house its collection and accommodate staff. Plans were underway for a new 'national' library building. The stimulus for this was David Scott Mitchell's offer of his extensive collection of Australiana to the people of New South Wales.

The condition of his offer was that his collection be housed either in the Public Library building or in a separate new building;[13] as there was no room in the Public Library building and no suitable building existed a new building was erected. Work on the Mitchell Building began in 1906 and finished in 1910 based on designs prepared by Walter Liberty Vernon, the Head of the Government Architect's Branch.[42] It formerly housed the Mitchell Library reading rooms, work areas and galleries.[4][43]

In 1939 work began on the central section of the building, including the portico, the ornate vestibule and its reproduced Tasman Map in marble mosaic and the main reading room. The building was ready to be used in June 1942 and the Library (as a whole) was under one roof. Bronze doors were presented by William Dixson and were decorated with a series of images depicting Indigenous Australian people and European explorers.[10] In 1964, the final section of the sandstone Mitchell Wing was laid on the south east corner. This was designed by Alan Robertson from the Government Architect's Branch; one of the junior architects on the team was Andrew Andersons, who would later be principal architect for the design of the Macquarie Street Wing.[7] Within 10 years the Library had outgrown this space too.[4][43]

The Mitchell Wing celebrated its centenary in 2010 and in the lead-up to its centenary (from 2001), held a series of related exhibitions and events.[44][45]

The Dixson Wing

20 years after the completion of the Mitchell Wing, more building took place on the site of the state library. The Dixson Wing, designed by architect Richard Macdonald Seymour Wells and completed in 1929,[7] was added to the south side of the Mitchell Wing to provide storage and gallery space for the extensive collection of historical paintings presented to the library by Sir William Dixson.[4][43] The galleries were refurbished in 1987 in preparation for the bicentennial exhibition held at the library in 1988.[10]

The Macquarie Street Building

Reading area, Macquarie Street Wing
Reading Room open space

Further space was required for collection storage and public spaces, as well as staff work areas. Space became available south of the Mitchell Wing in the 1970s, when several buildings were demolished and Richmond Villa relocated to accommodate a new building for State Parliament, although this was initially used for temporary accommodation for parliamentary staff.[7] Work began on the Macquarie Street Wing in 1983 and it was opened in 1988 – Australia's bicentenary — by Queen Elizabeth II in company with Prince Philip. The new building fronts Macquarie Street and links up with the Mitchell Wing above ground and below ground. Andrew Andersons of the Government Architects Office was the design architect for the Macquarie Street Wing.[4][43] The Government Architects Office was again engaged in 2011 for planned renovations for the building resulting in a redesigned reading room and construction of a new learning space for education programs. Work commenced in 2011[46] and was completed in 2012.

Collection

The State Reference Library contains a comprehensive and diverse collection of Australian and international research material. A number of specialist services are located within the State Reference Library, including the legal information service established in 1990,[47] a drug and alcohol information service[48] and a family history research service.[43]

The library contains over 5 million items including more than 2 million books, 1.2 million microforms, 1.1 million photographs, as well as newspapers, maps, architectural plans, manuscripts and other items.[49] It is part of the PANDORA web archiving project of the National Library of Australia[50] and also collects born digital material.[51]

As well as being a general purpose reference and research library, it contains many historically significant collections dating from the European colonisation of Australia, including nine of the eleven surviving First Fleet journals,[52] accounts from Australian explorers and other pioneers, paintings and sketches, and many other historical records. These are held in the Australiana research collections known as the Mitchell Library (named for David Scott Mitchell, first collector of Australiana) which is continually being added to and the Dixson Library (named after Sir William Dixson), Dixson's personal collection which is not added to.[53] Both are housed within the State Library precinct.[53] The collections grow through purchase, other acquisitions of material and legal deposit for all books published in New South Wales.[54]

Collection highlights

Collection highlights (chosen by the library for an exhibition marking the centenary of the Mitchell Library in 2010[55]) include:

Electronic resources

Computer cataloguing commenced in the early 1980s for books,[10] and in 1992 for pictures and manuscripts.[65] A large cataloguing backlog of material without an electronic record prompted the library's successful 2008 application for government funding to create over one million electronic catalogue records.[66] The library subscribes to electronic databases which are accessible for cardholders via the catalogue.[67] The digitisation of the papers of Sir Joseph Banks,[68] completed in 1997, was the first digitisation project of original manuscripts undertaken by the library.[10] It was followed by further digitisation of manuscript and picture collections including the papers of Matthew Flinders,[69] the Hood collection of photographs by Sam Hood and son Ted Hood,[70] and the Holtermann Collection of images of the NSW goldfields of the 1860s and 1870s,[71] which is now listed on the UNESCO Australian Memory of the World Register.[72] Digitised images of items from the library's collection are available in the catalogue, and some are also available through thematic online exhibitions.[73] In 2012 the library received State Government funding to digitise 12 million pages from its collection, including newspapers,[74] manuscripts, pictures and books.[75][76] As of 21 May 2018, the usage of publicly available data from the library collections in Wikipedia amounts to more than half a million page views.[77]

Legal deposit

In Australia, legal deposit legislation exists at the national and state levels to support the provision of access to Australian research, heritage and culture.[54] In New South Wales, legal deposit is required under the New South Wales Copyright Act 1879–1952, ss 5-7.[1] The State Library of New South Wales, along with New South Wales Parliamentary Library and University of Sydney Library are entitled to "receive a copy of every book first published in New South Wales within two months of publication. 'Book' is defined in the Act as any book, newspaper, pamphlet, leaflet, music, map, chart or plan separately published and 'bound', sewed or stitched together'."[54]

Services

Access to the library reading rooms and galleries is free. There are a range of services that are accessible via a library card including remote access to electronic resources[78] for NSW residents, access to books and other material from storage, and bookings for onsite study rooms.[79] The library hosts free exhibitions, both from its own collections and from other organisations such as World Press Photo.[80]

Relationship with NSW public libraries

The library administers the sections of the Library Act 1939[81] and the Library Regulation[82] that relate to local authorities and public libraries in New South Wales. The library provides information, professional development programs, advice and the payment of grants and subsidies to local authorities for operating New South Wales public libraries.

The State Library's Public Library Services team provides a research program on behalf of public libraries in New South Wales. This covers standards and guidelines for library buildings[83] and services,[84] economic value studies,[85] services and management of public libraries.

Governance

The library is an agency of the Ministry of Arts in the New South Wales State Government.

Library Council

State Librarian

The role of the State Librarian is prescribed in the New South Wales Library Act 1939, ss 7a.[86] The State Librarian is the Secretary of the Library Council of New South Wales.[87] There have been 17 State Librarians since 1827:

Ordinal Name Title Term start Term end Time in office Notes
1 Peter Cooke State Librarian 1827 1829 1–2 years [88]
2 Charles Henderson 1829 1829 0 years
3 Thomas Connolly 1831 1839 7–8 years
4 The Hon. John Fairfax 1839 1841 1–2 years
5 P. J. Elliott 1841 1865 23–24 years
6 D. R. Hawley 1865 1869 3–4 years
7 Robert Cooper Walker 1869 1893 23–24 years
8 Henry Charles Lennox Anderson 1893 1906 12–13 years
9 Frank Murcott Bladen 1907 1912 4–5 years [88][89]
10 William Herbert Ifould OBE 1912 1942 29–30 years [88]
11 John Wallace Metcalfe 1942 1959 16–17 years
12 Gordon Dalyell Richardson OBE 1959 1973 13–14 years
13 Russell Fletcher Doust 1973 1987 13–14 years
14 Alison Laura Crook AO 1987 1995 7–8 years
15 Dagmar Schmidmaier AM 1995 2006 10–11 years
16 Regina Anne Sutton 2006 2010 3–4 years
17 Dr Alex Byrne 2011 2016 4–5 years [88][90]
18 Lucy Milne 2016 2017 0–1 years [88]
19 Hon. Professor John Vallance State Librarian and
Chief Executive
28 August 2017 (2017-08-28) incumbent 1 year, 145 days [88][91]

Mitchell Librarian

Mitchell's bequest stipulated that a position be created called the Mitchell Librarian. There have been 10 Mitchell Librarians since 1909:

Ordinal Name Title Term start Term end Time in office Notes
1 Hugh Wright Mitchell Librarian 1909 1932 22–23 years [88][92]
2 Ida Leeson 1932 1946 13–14 years [88]
3 Phyllis Mander-Jones 1947 1957 9–10 years
4 Gordon Dalyell Richardson[note 3] 1958 1973 14–15 years
5 Suzanne Mourot 1973 1979 5–6 years
6 Baiba Berzins 1980 1987 6–7 years
7 Margy Burn 1988 1993 4–5 years
8 Alan Ventress 1993 2001 7–8 years
9 Elizabeth Ellis 2001 2008 6–7 years
10 Richard Neville 2008 incumbent 10–11 years

Transport connections

Service Station/Stop Lines/Routes served
Trains
TfNSW T.svg
Martin Place TfNSW T4.svg Eastern Suburbs and Illawarra Line
St James
Circular Quay
Buses
TfNSW B.svg
Macquarie Street 200, Sydney Explorer
Timetable[93]
Ferries
TfNSW F.svg
Circular Quay Timetable[94]

Heritage listing

As at 21 March 2001, the public library of New South Wales houses a public facility initiated in 1869, and is one of the most important libraries in Australia. It was the second purpose built library and the only one remaining public library in Sydney dating from the early twentieth century. The building is still in use and has a lengthy association with several historically important persons such as Government Architect WL Vernon. It is significant for the prominent position it occupies at the termination of one of the most historically important streetscapes in Australia. The building is of aesthetic significance reflecting important stylistic influences on architecture of the twentieth century. The library is a recognised symbol in Sydney having had a long association with the provision of library services to the local and regional community of New South Wales. The building development and interior layout of the progressive stages of building reflects the changing attitudes to library planning theory. It is significant as one of the only Government buildings in the Federation Academic Classical styles. Only two of these are cultural buildings, the other being the Art Gallery of NSW.[5][95]

State Library of New South Wales building was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria.[5]

The place is important in demonstrating the course, or pattern, of cultural or natural history in New South Wales.

The Mitchell Wing has been in continuous use as a public library since its completion in 1907. The building is the second purpose built library in Sydney, and the earliest remaining. The Mitchell Wing is specifically associated with a number of prominent Sydney residents who have acted as benefactors, llibrarians, architects and craftsmen on the building. The bequests of three people, namely Edward Wise, David Scott Mitchell and William Dixson formed the basis of the collections. The Mitchell Wing houses a unique collection of Australiana and reference material held in Trust by the State Library of New South Wales for the general public. The building is closely associated with the development of the NSW Government Architect's Office and particularly with the work of Walter Liberty Vernon, Richard McDonald Seymour Wells, Cobden Parkes and Edward Herbert Farmer.[95][5]

The place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group in New South Wales for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

The building, as the repository of a unique collection of Australiana, is crucial to the community's sense of place. The importance of the building to the community is demonstrated in part by its completion in the early 1940s, when other public works had been severely reduced by World War II. The inclusion of the Mitchell Wing on a number of Commonwealth, State and Local heritage registers indicates the value placed on the building by the community.[95][5]

The place has potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales.

The original Mitchell Stack of steel and glass was regarded as highly innovative at the time of its construction. The two storey stack area is now a unique example of a highly resolved design solution addressing structure, lighting and aesthetics. The building was the first public building in New South Wales, apart from hospitals, to have been fully air conditioned.[95][5]

The place possesses uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales.

The building is a rare example of the Academic Neo Classical style used for public buildings in Sydney. It is also a rare building type within the State.[95][5]

See also

Notes

^1 : The library's logo features the interrobang mark:
^2 : Duran Duran's photo sessions for Seven and the Ragged Tiger were held at the library in 1983.[96]
^3 : Richardson also concurrently held the role of Deputy Principal Librarian in 1958, and was then appointed Principal Librarian in 1959. When he retired in 1973, the Mitchell Librarian position was again separated from the position of Principal Librarian.

References

  1. ^ a b "Copyright Act 1879 No 20". Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  2. ^ "8. Trade and Investment, Regional Infrastructure and Services Cluster" (PDF). New South Wales Government. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  3. ^ "State Library of NSW news". State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of the Library". State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "State Library of NSW". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01071. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d Robertson, Anne; State Library of New South Wales (1988), Treasures of the State Library of New South Wales : the Australiana collections, Collins Australia in association with the State Library of New South Wales, ISBN 978-0-7322-2411-0
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Jones, David J. (1988), A source of inspiration & delight : the buildings of the State Library of New South Wales since 1826, Library Council of New South Wales, ISBN 978-0-908449-24-8
  8. ^ "Biography — James Mitchell". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Biography — Robert Cooper Walker". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Fletcher, Brian H. (2007), Magnificent obsession : the story of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Allen & Unwin; State Library of New South Wales, ISBN 978-1-74175-291-5
  11. ^ "Biography — Henry Charles Lennox Anderson". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Biography — David Scott Mitchell". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  13. ^ a b c "David Scott Mitchell will, 14 February 1901 and codicil, 3 October 1905, office copy, being typed copy initialled and signed by W. J. Warren and D. Seddon, Clerks to Norton, Smith & Co. as being a true copy of the Original Will and Codicil, 24 July 1907". Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  14. ^ "Biography — Frank Murcott Bladen". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  15. ^ "Biography — Nita Bernice Kibble". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  16. ^ a b c "Biography — William Herbert Ifould". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  17. ^ "THE MACQUARIE PAPERS". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 15 October 1913. p. 12. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  18. ^ "Lachlan Macquarie and the Macquarie family aggregated collection of papers, pictorial and other material, 1787-1844". Catalogue. State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  19. ^ a b "Biography — Sir William Dixson". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  20. ^ "D. S. MITCHELL". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 20 March 1936. p. 12. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  21. ^ a b c Martin, Sylvia (2006), Ida Leeson: a life, Allen & Unwin, ISBN 978-1-74114-850-3
  22. ^ Frances, Raelene; Kealey, Linda; Sangster, Joan (Fall 1996). "Women and Wage Labour in Australia and Canada, 1880–1980". Labour / Le Travail. 38: 54. doi:10.2307/25144092.
  23. ^ a b c d e "Biography — John Wallace Metcalfe". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Biography — Ida Emily Leeson". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  25. ^ "APPOINTMENTS FOR WOMEN". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 7 December 1932. p. 8. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  26. ^ "LIBRARY SYSTEMS". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 22 August 1934. p. 12. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  27. ^ Paul Brunton (2000). "Miles Franklin's Brilliant Collection". In State Library of New South Wales. Celebrating 100 Years of the Mitchell Library. Focus Publishing. ISBN 978-1-875359-66-0.
  28. ^ "Biography — Phyllis Mander-Jones". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  29. ^ "Legislation". State Records Authority of New South Wales. Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  30. ^ "State Library of NSW appoints 'extraordinary talent' to lead Indigenous Unit". State Library of NSW. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
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  32. ^ Ellis, Elizabeth (2000). "Bequests and Philanthropy". In State Library of New South Wales. Celebrating 100 Years of the Mitchell Library. Focus Publishing. ISBN 978-1-875359-66-0.
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Bibliography

  • Attraction Homepage (2007). "State Library of NSW".
  • Graham Brooks & Associates (1997). Section 170 Register Report.
  • Jones, David J. (1988). A Source of Inspiration and Delight.
  • NBRS Architecture, Heritage (2016). Conservation Management Plan: Mitchell Building, State Library of NSW: Vol.1: Report.
  • NBRS Architecture, Heritage. (2017). Conservation Management Plan: Mitchell Building, State Library of NSW: Vol.1, Report; Vol.2, Inventory Sheets.
  • Noel Bell Ridley Smith & Partners (1999). NSW State Library Conservation Plan.
  • Noel Bell Ridley Smith & Partners (1999). The Mitchell Wing State Library of NSW - Report on Heritage Curtilage.
  • Noel Bell Ridley Smith & Partners Pty Ltd (2002). The Mitchell Wing State Library of NSW Conservation Plan.
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Attribution

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article contains material from State Library of NSW, entry number 1071 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 13 October 2018.

External links

  • State Library of New South Wales (website)
  • State Library of New South Wales at Google Cultural Institute
  • National and State Libraries Australasia (NSLA)
  • ONE hundred – Celebrating the anniversary of the Mitchell Library, the website for the major showcase exhibition at the Mitchell Library, celebrating its centenary during 2010.
  • Marr, David (2014). "The Mitchell". Dictionary of Sydney. Dictionary of Sydney Trust. Retrieved 9 October 2015. [CC-By-SA]
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