St Pancras North (UK Parliament constituency)

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St Pancras North
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
StPancrasNorth1885.png
St Pancras North in London 1885-1918
StPancrasNorth1918.png
St Pancras North in London 1918-50
StPancrasNorth1950.png
St Pancras North in London 1950-74
County County of London
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Holborn & St Pancras and Hampstead & Highgate[1]
Created from Marylebone

St. Pancras North was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election. It was created in 1885 and abolished in 1983 with the area becoming part of the new constituency of Holborn and St Pancras.

Boundaries

A map showing the wards of St Pancras Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras wards of one and two, and the part of ward number three lying to the north and west of a line running along the middle of Camden Road from a point where that road is intersected by the eastern boundary of the metropolitan borough to the point where that road crosses the Regent's Canal and thence westward along the middle of that canal to the western boundary of Ward number three.

1950-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras wards of one, two, three and four.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Camden wards of Camden, Chalk Farm, Gospel Oak, Grafton, Highgate, and St John's.

Politics and history of the constituency

Members of Parliament

Election Member Party Notes
1885 Thomas Henry Bolton Liberal
1886 Charles Cochrane-Baillie Conservative later Baron Lamington
1890 by-election Thomas Henry Bolton Liberal Bolton was re-elected in 1892 as a Liberal, but later joined the Liberal Unionists
1893? Liberal Unionist Party
1895 Edward Robert Pacy Moon Conservative
1906 Willoughby Dickinson Liberal later 1st Baron Dickinson
1918 John William Lorden Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 James Marley Labour
1924 Ian Fraser Conservative Party
1929 James Marley Labour
1931 Ian Fraser Conservative Party later Baron Fraser of Lonsdale
1937 by-election Robert Grant-Ferris Conservative Party later Baron Harvington
1945 George House Labour
1949 by-election Kenneth Robinson Labour Minister of Health 1964–1968
1970 Albert Stallard Labour
1983 constituency abolished: see Holborn & St Pancras

Election results

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1885: St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Henry Bolton 2,380 55.4 N/A
Conservative Charles Cochrane-Baillie 1,915 44.6 N/A
Majority 465 10.8 N/A
Turnout 4,295 78.8 N/A
Registered electors 5,450
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Cochrane-Baillie 2,074 53.4 +8.8
Liberal Thomas Henry Bolton 1,813 46.6 −8.8
Majority 261 6.8 N/A
Turnout 3,887 71.3 −7.5
Registered electors 5,450
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.8

Elections in the 1890s

Cochrane-Baillie was elevated to the peerage as Lord Lamington.

By-election 1890: St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Henry Bolton 2,657 50.7 +4.1
Conservative Harry Robert Graham[3] 2,549 48.7 −4.7
Independent John Leighton[4] 29 0.6 N/A
Majority 108 2.0 N/A
Turnout 5,235 82.7 +11.4
Registered electors 6,332
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.4
General Election 1892: St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Henry Bolton 2,643 50.2 +3.6
Conservative Edward Robert Pacy Moon 2,583 49.1 −4.3
Independent John Leighton[5] 35 0.7 N/A
Majority 60 1.1 N/A
Turnout 5,261 77.6 +6.3
Registered electors 6,784
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.0
General Election 1895: St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Robert Pacy Moon 2,834 51.7 +2.6
Liberal Herbert Raphael 2,623 47.8 −2.4
Independent John Leighton[6] 29 0.5 −0.2
Majority 211 3.9 N/A
Turnout 5,486 75.6 −2.0
Registered electors 7,256
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.5

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900: St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Robert Pacy Moon 3,056 56.6 +4.9
Liberal Willoughby Dickinson 2,345 43.4 −4.4
Majority 711 13.2 +9.3
Turnout 5,401 71.2 −4.4
Registered electors 7,582
Conservative hold Swing +4.7
W.H. Dickinson
General Election 1906: St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Willoughby Dickinson 4,094 60.8 +17.4
Conservative Edward Robert Pacy Moon 2,643 39.2 -17.4
Majority 1,451 21.6 N/A
Turnout 6,737 84.0 +12.8
Registered electors 8,021
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +17.4

Elections in the 1910s

General Election January 1910 St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Willoughby Dickinson 4,970 58.0 −2.8
Conservative H A Pakenham 3,603 42.0 +2.8
Majority 1,367 16.0 −5.6
Turnout 8,573 85.9 +1.9
Registered electors 9,977
Liberal hold Swing −2.8
General Election December 1910 St Pancras North[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Willoughby Dickinson 4,407 57.7 -0.3
Conservative Arthur Moon 3,230 42.3 +0.3
Majority 1,177 15.4 -0.6
Turnout 7,637 76.5 -9.4
Registered electors 9,977
Liberal hold Swing -0.3
W.H. Dickinson
General Election 1918: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist John William Lorden 7,260 41.4 −0.9
Liberal Willoughby Dickinson 5,596 32.0 −25.7
Labour John Gilbert Dale[7] 4,651 26.6 N/A
Majority 1,664 9.4 N/A
Turnout 33,747 51.9 −24.6
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +12.4
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1922: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John William Lorden 9,156 37.7
Labour John Gilbert Dale 8,165 33.6
Liberal Willoughby Dickinson 6,979 28.7
Majority 991 4.1
Turnout 66.0
Unionist hold Swing
Henry Roome
General Election 1923: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Marley 10,931 43.0 +9.4
Unionist John William Lorden 8,085 31.9 -5.8
Liberal Henry Delacombe Roome 6,363 25.1 -3.6
Majority 2,846 11.1 15.2
Turnout 68.2 +2.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +7.6
General Election 1924: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ian Fraser 13,964 46.7
Labour James Marley 13,171 44.1
Liberal Henry Delacombe Roome 2,748 9.2
Majority 793 2.6
Turnout 79.2
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1929: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Marley 17,458 48.5 +4.4
Unionist Ian Fraser 14,343 39.9 -6.8
Liberal Frederick L. Coysh 4,177 11.6 +2.4
Majority 3,115 8.6 11.2
Turnout 76.0 -3.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +5.6

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1931: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Fraser 22,490 63.9
Labour James Marley 12,257 34.8
Communist W G Shepherd 456 1.3
Majority 10,233 29.1
Turnout 73.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Fraser 16,888 53.7
Labour Henry Montague Tibbles 13,287 42.3
Liberal William Otterburn Hall 1,259 4.0
Majority 3,601 11.4
Turnout 68.3
Conservative hold Swing
By-election 1937: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Grant-Ferris 11,744 50.6
Labour Henry Montague Tibbles 11,476 49.4
Majority 268 1.2
Turnout 50.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1945: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George House 16,738 63.8 +14.4
Conservative Robert Grant-Ferris 9,108 34.7 -15.9
Independent J.B. Gilmour 403 1.5 N/A
Majority 7,630 29.1
Turnout 36,979 71.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
By-election 1949: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Robinson 16,185 57.5 -6.3
Conservative Neil Shields 11,118 39.5 +4.8
Communist John Mahon 854 3.0 N/A
Majority 5,067 18.0
Turnout 43,229 65.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1950: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Robinson 29,163 55.75
Conservative John Harvey 19,028 36.38
Liberal Peter Maurice Charles Whitton 3,148 6.02
Communist Tom Ahern[8] 967 1.85
Majority 10,135 19.38
Turnout 79.64
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Robinson 31,191 60.50
Conservative Charles A. B. Borrett 20,362 39.50
Majority 10,829 21.01
Turnout 78.30
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Robinson 24,670 56.63
Conservative Anthony Royle 17,588 40.38
Communist John Nicolson 1,303 2.99
Majority 7,082 16.26
Turnout 69.43
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Robinson 22,256 54.12
Conservative David Mitchell 15,949 38.79
National Labour William Webster 1,685 4.10
Communist John Nicolson 1,230 2.99
Majority 6,307 15.34
Turnout 69.47
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1964: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Robinson 20,516 61.04
Conservative Kenneth Warren 11,954 35.57
Communist John Nicolson 1,140 3.39
Majority 8,562 25.47
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kenneth Robinson 20,951 64.18
Conservative James Moorhouse 10,440 31.98
Communist John Nicolson 1,253 3.84
Majority 10,511 32.2
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1970: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Stallard 16,497 59.31
Conservative James Moorhouse 10,648 38.28
Communist Gordon McLennan 670 2.41
Majority 5,849 21.03
Turnout 27,815 62.21
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Stallard 14,761 52.76
Conservative John Major 7,926 28.33
Liberal Paul J Medlicott 4,825 17.25
Communist Gordon McLennan 466 1.67
Majority 6,835 24.43
Turnout 27,978 67.53
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Stallard 14,155 58.53
Conservative John Major 6,602 27.30
Liberal Paul J Medlicott 3,428 14.17
Majority 7,553 31.23
Turnout 24,185 58.10
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1979: St Pancras North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Stallard 14,556 54.23
Conservative P Kirwan 9,110 33.94
Liberal M Valentine 2,654 9.89
National Front S Andrews 360 1.34
Workers Revolutionary G Jones 159 0.59
Majority 5,446 20.29
Turnout 26,839 63.74
Labour hold Swing

References

  1. ^ "'St Pancras North', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 42. ISBN 9781349022984.
  3. ^ Graham, M.L. "John B. Graham: Papers, 1842-1926; Reels M373-76" (PDF). Australian Joint Copying Project. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  4. ^ Brasher, Stephen (16 July 2015). "The Returning Officer: Illustrations". New Statesman. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  5. ^ Brasher, Stephen (16 July 2015). "The Returning Officer: Illustrations". New Statesman. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  6. ^ Brasher, Stephen (16 July 2015). "The Returning Officer: Illustrations". New Statesman. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  7. ^ ‘DALE, John Gilbert’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 19 Sept 2017
  8. ^ Stevenson, Graham. "Ahern Tom". Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)

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