St. Thomas Island

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The island as seen from the coast

St. Thomas Island (Bulgarian: остров св. Тома, ostrov sv. Toma) or Zmiyski ostrov (Змийски остров, Snake island)), is a Bulgarian island in the Black Sea, 15 kilometres (9 miles) south of Sozopol. It has an area of 0.012 square kilometres (0.005 square miles) (2.97 acres) and is one of a very few places in Bulgaria where wild cacti grow. The Opuntia cacti were brought from the Botanical Garden in Bratislava, Slovakia and planted by the royal botanist Ivan Buresh on the orders of Tsar Boris III in 1933. They have covered most of the island since then.[1][2]

St. Thomas Island is named after a chapel dedicated to Saint Thomas that once existed on it. Snake Island, the alternate name, refers to the abundant grey water snakes that inhabit it, feeding on fish. The island is part of the Ropotamo nature reserve and lies 0.2 nautical miles southeast of Humata Foreland in Arkutino Bay.[1][2]



  1. ^ a b Baykusheva, Tatyana (2 March 2013). "Царският ботаник засадил кактуси на Змийския остров" (in Bulgarian). Черноморие. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Щилиянова, Тони (2016-01-01). "BG островите в Черно море: Всички с имена на светци, забулени в тайни за пиратски съкровища (снимки)" (in Bulgarian). 24 часа. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 

See also

Coordinates: 42°25′12″N 27°42′00″E / 42.42000°N 27.70000°E / 42.42000; 27.70000

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