Sriharikota

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Sriharikota
శ్రీహరికోట
ஸ்ரீ ஹரிக்கோட்டா(Tamil), श्रीहरिकोटा(Hindi)
town
Sriharikota is located in Andhra Pradesh
Sriharikota
Sriharikota
Coordinates: 13°43′04″N 80°12′00″E / 13.7178°N 80.2000°E / 13.7178; 80.2000Coordinates: 13°43′04″N 80°12′00″E / 13.7178°N 80.2000°E / 13.7178; 80.2000
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Nellore District
Languages
 • Official Telugu
 • Other languages Tamil(Tamil minority),Hindi (since Satish Dhawan Space Centre was established by government of India in 1971)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 524124
Vehicle registration AP
Climate tropical wet and dry (Köppen)

Sriharikota is a barrier island off the Bay of Bengal coast located in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It houses the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, one of the two satellite launch centres in India (the other being the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in Thiruvananthapuram). Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launches satellites using multistage rockets such as the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle from Sriharikota.[1]

Location

Sriharikota is partly located in Sullurpeta mandal and partly located in Tada mandal in Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh and separates Pulicat Lake from the Bay of Bengal[2] The nearest town and railway station is Sullurpeta. It is 105 km north of Chennai city.

Demographics and history

Sriharkota island is a space city located at Pulicat Lake on the Bay of Bengal. Telugu is the official language but a large number of Tamil-speaking fishery community have lived on the island since ancient times. The large number of scientists, engineers and other personnel in the ISRO space centre and their families are from other parts of India and generally communicate among themselves in Hindi and English.

When the space centre was established in 1971, the ancestral residents of the island were shifted to new residences located on the way of Sri city near NH-16 at Thondur village near Tada. Now the island completely belongs to the ISRO space centre and is isolated with high level of security and access control.

Climate

The climate of Sriharikota is tropical wet and dry (Aw; bordering on As) in the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Climate data for Sriharikota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
31.5
(88.7)
33.6
(92.5)
36
(97)
38.8
(101.8)
38
(100)
35.6
(96.1)
35.2
(95.4)
34.5
(94.1)
32.3
(90.1)
29.6
(85.3)
28.8
(83.8)
33.63
(92.51)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
26
(79)
28.1
(82.6)
30.9
(87.6)
33.4
(92.1)
32.8
(91)
31
(88)
30.7
(87.3)
30
(86)
28.3
(82.9)
26
(79)
24.6
(76.3)
28.87
(84.01)
Average low °C (°F) 19.7
(67.5)
20.6
(69.1)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
28
(82)
27.7
(81.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
24.4
(75.9)
22.4
(72.3)
20.2
(68.4)
24.15
(75.45)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.51)
3
(0.12)
2
(0.08)
15
(0.59)
58
(2.28)
49
(1.93)
101
(3.98)
127
(5)
95
(3.74)
253
(9.96)
287
(11.3)
109
(4.29)
1,112
(43.78)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 1m[3]

References

Pulicat Lake near Sriharikota
  1. ^ [1] Srīharikota Island. (2011). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
  2. ^ [2] Pincode and Map Location of SRIHARIKOTA RANGE, NELLORE District, ANDHRA PRADESH State-Source Pincode locator
  3. ^ "Climate: Sriharikota - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 

External links

  • Sriharikota's Videos and Pictures
  • About Sriharikota at Sharicons website
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