Springhill Massacre

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Springhill Massacre
Part of the Troubles
Springhill massacre.JPG
Poster demanding an inquiry in the Beechmount area of Belfast
Location Belfast, Northern Ireland
Date 9 July 1972
Attack type
Sniper shooting, mass murder
Weapons Sniper rifles
Deaths 5
Non-fatal injuries
2
Perpetrators British Army snipers

The Springhill Massacre[1] was a shooting incident, which claimed five lives, on 9 July 1972 in the Springhill estate in west Belfast, Northern Ireland. Three civilians (including a Catholic priest) and two members of Fianna Éireann were shot dead by British Army snipers firing from a timber yard.

Background

The Northern Ireland Troubles had been raging for three years and hundreds had already been killed by the two warring factions in Northern Ireland, Irish republicans wanting unification with the Republic of Ireland, and unionists, including Ulster loyalists and the British Army.[2] Violence had been taking place all day and the five dead were part of ten people killed that day.[citation needed]

The shootings

Residents' and IRA version of events

According to a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) statement on 10 July, British Army snipers took up sniping positions in Corry's timber yard and reinforced them with sandbags. Two cars pulled into Springhill and the snipers fired two shots at them. One of the cars fled while the other drove a short distance and stopped, the occupants got out and the snipers opened fire again, One occupant was shot in the back of the head and was seriously wounded. A resident rushed to help the injured man but was immediately shot in the arm, and this man's brother and a friend ran to the downed occupant but both were shot by the snipers. At some point during this time a 13-year-old girl was fatally shot by the snipers. The parish priest and a passer-by (the priest was waving a white cloth) rushed to her but a sniper killed both with a single bullet that passed through both their heads. All the victims were unarmed.

British version of events

The British Army disputed this version of events and claimed its troops were fired on first by the IRA, ending a temporary IRA ceasefire. A British Army spokesman stated: "There has been a heavy exchange of fire between the IRA and troops. Some of the dead and wounded were undoubtedly caught in the crossfire." On 10 July, the British Army claimed that it had killed terrorists. An open verdict was recorded at the inquest into the events.

The deceased

The dead commemorated in a republican garden of Remembrance in Ballymurphy, Belfast
  • Margaret Gargan, 13, shot in the head
  • John Dougal, 16, shot in the chest
  • David McCafferty, 15, shot in the chest
  • Patrick Butler, 39, shot in the head
  • Father Noel Fitzpatrick, 40, shot in the neck

The wounded

  • Martin Dudley, shot in the back of the head
  • Brian Pettigrew, shot in the arm

Impact

In May 2005, Michael Norman, a former Coldstream Guardsman and Special Air Service trooper, was found shot in the stomach in his car in London, with photographs of certain incidents in which he had been involved. Previously, he had told colleagues at Sandhurst, where he was an instructor, that he was on an IRA hit list. His ex-wife said that she did not believe Norman committed suicide, although she added that he never told her that he was on an IRA [hit] list.[3]

On Sunday 13 March 2016 the publisher of the book Killing For Britain alleged on his blog that Mike Norman was the military contact named "Mike" who was a central character in the KFB book. Post publication we believe we found "Mike" ... Warrant Officer Michael Norman was a sniper of exceptionally high skill to the point that he ended up a sniper instructor at Warminster. He had served in Ireland during the period covered in the book. He was 62 years old in 2005, making him late 20s early 30s in the early 1970s. From North East England, he’d spent time in Ireland as a child where his family had land in Roscommon (according to his ex-wife). He'd joined the Coldstream Guards, as other Geordies had done. Michael Norman was an anonymous witness called by the Bloody Sunday Enquiry, surely only because he was there on that fateful day.

Michael Norman had in his possession photographs relating to the Springhill Massacre when he was found shot dead in his car not far from a police station in Hounslow in April 2005, around 6-8 months after he’d met the author in Ayr, Scotland, in an effort to dissuade him from writing his book. Detectives initially suspected foul play (a so-called IRA "revenge squad" being suspected). Scotland Yard took over the investigation, reportedly "due to the sensitive nature" of Mike Norman's "work in Ireland". His death was eventually ruled suicide ... Initial reports stated that a 9mm pistol was found in the car when the body was discovered. However, a police source told us in 2010 that the weapon was actually a shotgun which had been registered to Mike Norman and that he’d shot himself in the stomach. The same source stated that there had been NO photos of the Springhill Massacre in the car at the time, contrary to initial reports on the public record. The source added that Norman had become a quite unstable in later life. It seemed this source might be trying to discredit Norman."

See also

References

  1. ^ RTÉ News. "Springhill survivors demand independent inquiry", 2 August 1999; retrieved 22 March 2011
  2. ^ English, Richard (2003). Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA. Pan Books. p. 136. ISBN 0-330-49388-4. 
  3. ^ "IRA LINK TO DEAD SAS MAN; Special Forces soldier was top of Republican hit list". Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 

External links

  • CAIN - Sutton Index of Deaths - 9 July 1972
  • CAIN - Memorials - Springhill Massacre
  • "Springhill survivors demand independent inquiry" - RTÉ News
  • McLaughlin, C. 'Recording Memories from Political Violence', Intellect Books, 2010.
  • Red Sky At Night

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