Spouse of the Prime Minister of New Zealand

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Spouse of the Prime Minister of New Zealand
Clarke Gayford 2.jpg
Incumbent
Clarke Gayford
Acting

since 26 October 2017
Residence Premier House
Inaugural holder Elizabeth Sewell
Formation 7 May 1856
John and Bronagh Key with Barack and Michelle Obama in 2009.
Peter Davis, husband of Helen Clark.

The Spouse of the Prime Minister of New Zealand is an unofficial title, the holder of which, by convention, is the host or hostess of Premier House, the official residence of the Prime Minister. An unpaid position that has no official responsibilities, the role has gained significance since the 1960s, with the Prime Minister's spouse acting as a key national figure on social issues and a prominent symbol of government. The Spouse also assists the Prime Minister in welcoming foreign dignitaries to Parliament House and the official residences.

The 23rd Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage, was a bachelor during his term, but otherwise, until the tenure of the 36th Prime Minister, Jenny Shipley, the post had always been filled by a woman; Burton Shipley was Jenny Shipley's husband. The current Prime Minister of New Zealand, Jacinda Ardern, is unmarried; her partner is radio personality Clarke Gayford.

Current

The current acting spouse of the Prime Minister of New Zealand is Clarke Gayford, who assumed the role when his partner became the Prime Minister of New Zealand on 26 October 2017.

There are currently eight living spouses of former prime ministers of New Zealand:

The most recent spouse of a New Zealand prime minister to die was Thea Muldoon (ex-wife of Robert Muldoon), on 24 February 2015.

Role

The Prime Minister's spouse has no official duties. Some earlier spouses stayed mainly at home and took little part in public life.

However, most recent Prime Ministers' spouses have been involved in charities or community organisations, working to raise public awareness, funds, and support for a range of causes. They generally assist their partners in political campaigns, and participate in official duties that come with the position, such as hosting foreign dignitaries, and, in particular, entertaining the spouses of dignitaries; accompanying the Prime Ministers on national and international trips; attending conferences and functions; and speaking in public, particularly in the Prime Minister's constituency. They have attended the opening of Parliament; hosted visitors at Premier House; visited Buckingham Palace, the White House, or the Japanese Imperial Palace; and been present at royal coronations and conferences.

Official recognition

Some Prime Ministers' spouses have received official recognition for their services to the community:

Thea Muldoon was the first spouse of a Prime Minister to be provided with an official secretary for dealing with her correspondence.[1]

Table

No. Prime Minister Term start Term end Spouse Born Died
1 Henry Sewell 7 May 1856 20 May 1856 Elizabeth Sewell
(née Kittoe)
1819[2] 1880
2 (Sir) William Fox 20 May 1856
12 July 1861
28 June 1869
3 March 1873
2 June 1856
6 August 1862
10 September 1872
8 April 1873
Sarah Fox (Lady Fox)
(née Halcomb)
1816[3] 23 June 1892
3 (Sir) Edward Stafford 2 June 1856
16 October 1865
10 September 1872
12 July 1861
28 June 1869
11 October 1872
Emily Stafford
(née Charlotte)
Mary Stafford (Lady Stafford)
(née Bartley)
February 1827[4][5]
1835[6]
18 April 1857
1899
4 Alfred Domett 6 August 1862 30 October 1863 Mary Domett
(née George)
Unknown 1887
5 (Sir) Frederick Whitaker 30 October 1863
21 April 1882
24 November 1864
25 September 1883
Jane Augusta Whitaker (Lady Whitaker)
(née Griffith)
1822[7] 3 September 1884
6 (Sir) Frederick Weld 24 November 1864 16 October 1865 Filumena Mary Anne Weld (Lady Weld)
(née Lisle Phillipps)
c. 1828[8][9] 1903
7 George Waterhouse 11 October 1872 3 March 1873 Lydia Waterhouse
(née Giles)
1827 25 January 1910
8 (Sir) Julius Vogel 8 April 1873
15 February 1876
6 July 1875
1 September 1876
Mary Vogel (Lady Vogel)
(née Clayton)
18 February 1849[10] 12 August 1933
9 Daniel Pollen 6 July 1875 15 February 1876 Jane Pollen
(née Henderson)
1828[11][12] 1903
10 (Sir) Harry Atkinson 1 September 1876
25 September 1883
28 August 1884
8 October 1887
13 October 1877
16 August 1884
3 September 1884
24 January 1891
Ann Elizabeth Atkinson (Lady Atkinson)
(née Smith)
1838[13] 1919
11 (Sir) George Grey 13 October 1877 8 October 1879 Elizabeth Lucy "Eliza" Grey (Lady Grey)
(née Spencer)
1823 4 September 1898
12 (Sir) John Hall 8 October 1879 21 April 1882 Rose Anne Hall (Lady Hall)
(née Dryden)
22 December 1828 12 May 1900
13 (Sir) Robert Stout 16 August 1884
3 September 1884
28 August 1884
8 October 1887
Anna Paterson Stout (Lady Stout)
(née Logan)
29 September 1858 10 May 1931
14 John Ballance 24 January 1891 27 April 1893 Ellen Ballance
(née Anderson)
c. 1852[14] 14 June 1935
15 Richard Seddon 27 April 1893 10 June 1906 Louisa Jane Seddon
(née Spotswood)
28 May 1851[15] 9 July 1931
16 (Sir) William Hall-Jones 10 June 1906 6 August 1906 Rosalind Lucy Hall-Jones (Lady Hall-Jones)
(née Purss)
30 May 1858[16] 13 October 1942
17 (Sir) Joseph Ward 6 August 1906
10 December 1928
28 March 1912
28 May 1930
Theresa Dorothea Ward (Lady Ward)
(née de Smidt)
1866 1927
18 (Sir) Thomas Mackenzie 28 March 1912 10 July 1912 Ida Henrietta Mackenzie (Lady Mackenzie)
(née Nantes)
23 December 1850[17] 28 April 1926
19 William Massey 10 July 1912 10 May 1925 (Dame) Christina Allan Massey
(née Paul)
11 January 1863 19 April 1932
20 (Sir) Francis Bell 10 May 1925 30 May 1925 Caroline Bell (Lady Bell)
(née Robinson)
1853[18][19] 8 September 1935
21 Gordon Coates 30 May 1925 10 December 1928 Marguerite Grace "Marjorie" Coates
(née Coles)
3 October 1892[20] 1973
22 George Forbes 28 May 1930 6 December 1935 Emma Serena Forbes
(née Gee)
20 August 1877[21] 9 February 1961
23 Michael Joseph Savage 6 December 1935 27 March 1940 none (bachelor)
24 Peter Fraser 27 March 1940 13 December 1949 Janet Henderson Fraser
(née Munro, previously Kemp)
31 January 1883 7 March 1945
25 (Sir) Sidney Holland 13 December 1949 20 September 1957 Florence Beatrice Holland (Lady Holland)
(née Drayton)
26 October 1894[22] 1976
26 (Sir) Keith Holyoake 20 September 1957
12 December 1960
12 December 1957
7 February 1972
(Dame) Norma Janet Holyoake
(née Ingram)
7 March 1909[23] 18 December 1984
27 (Sir) Walter Nash 12 December 1957 12 December 1960 Lotty May Nash (Lady Nash)
(née Eaton)
17 March 1880[24] 12 December 1961
28 (Sir) Jack Marshall 7 February 1972 8 December 1972 Margaret Marshall (Lady Marshall)
(née Livingston)
1917[25] 2004
29 Norman Kirk 8 December 1972 31 August 1974 (Dame) Lucy Ruth Kirk
(née Miller)
28 April 1922 20 March 2000
Hugh Watt
Acting
31 August 1974 6 September 1974 Irene Frances Watt
(née unknown)
Unknown 30 April 2013[26]
30 (Sir) Bill Rowling 6 September 1974 12 December 1975 Glen Elna Rowling (Lady Rowling)
(née Reeves)
bef. 1933[27] living
31 (Sir) Robert Muldoon 12 December 1975 26 July 1984 (Dame) Thea Dale Muldoon
(née Flyger)
13 March 1927 24 February 2015
32 David Lange 26 July 1984 8 August 1989 Naomi Joy Lange
(née Crampton)
bef. 1950 Unknown
33 Geoffrey Palmer 8 August 1989 4 September 1990 Margaret Palmer
(née Hinchcliff)
bef. 1947 living
34 Mike Moore 4 September 1990 2 November 1990 Yvonne Moore
(née Dereany)
bef. 1957 living[28]
35 Jim Bolger 2 November 1990 8 December 1997 Joan Maureen Bolger
(née Riddell)
bef. 1945 living
36 (Dame) Jenny Shipley 8 December 1997 10 December 1999 Burton Shipley bef. 1954 living
37 Helen Clark 10 December 1999 19 November 2008 Peter Byard Davis 25 April 1947 living
38 (Sir) John Key 19 November 2008 12 December 2016 Bronagh Irene Key (Lady Key)
(née Dougan)
14 November 1963 living
39 (Sir) Bill English 12 December 2016 26 October 2017 Mary English (Lady English)
(née Scanlon)
c. 1962[29] living
40 Jacinda Ardern 26 October 2017 Incumbent Clarke Gayfordα 24 October 1976[30][31] living

Domestic partner; unmarried.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dame Thea Muldoon dies". Radio New Zealand News. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Elizabeth Kittoe – Historical records and family trees – MyHeritage". 
  3. ^ "Sarah Fox". 
  4. ^ "Emily Charlotte Sidney Stafford". 
  5. ^ "Emily Charlotte Sidney (Wakefield) Stafford (1827–1857) – WikiTree: The FREE Family Tree". 
  6. ^ "Mary Stafford". 
  7. ^ "RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project: NZpre1846EuropeanContacts". 
  8. ^ "Filomena Weld – Historical records and family trees – MyHeritage". 
  9. ^ "Person – National Portrait Gallery". 
  10. ^ "Lady Mary Vogel". 
  11. ^ Sale, Charles. "Daniel Pollen grave monument details". 
  12. ^ Zealand, National Library of New. "Papers Past – DEATHS. (New Zealand Herald, 2 December 1903)". 
  13. ^ "Annie Atkinson". 
  14. ^ "Ellen (Anderson) Ballance (1852–1935) – WikiTree: The FREE Family Tree". 
  15. ^ "Louisa Jane Seddon". 
  16. ^ "Rosalind Lucy (Purss) Hall-Jones (1858–1942) – WikiTree: The FREE Family Tree". 
  17. ^ "Ida Henrietta (Nantes) MacKenzie (1850–1926) – WikiTree: The FREE Family Tree". 
  18. ^ "Caroline Robinson 1853–1935 – Ancestry". 
  19. ^ "Caroline (Robinson) Bell (1853–1935) – WikiTree: The FREE Family Tree". 
  20. ^ "Marguerite Grace Coles (1892–1973) – WikiTree: The FREE Family Tree". 
  21. ^ "Emma Serena Forbes". 
  22. ^ "Florence Beatrice (Drayton) Holland (1894–1976) – WikiTree: The FREE Family Tree". 
  23. ^ "Norma Janet Ingram Holyoake (1909–1984) – Find A Grave Memorial". [non-primary source needed]
  24. ^ "Lottie May Nash". 
  25. ^ "Marshall, Margaret, 1917–2004". National Library. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  26. ^ admin (1 May 2013). "Irene WATT Obituary – Auckland, Auckland". 
  27. ^ "Glen Elna (Reeves) Rowling (b. 1933) – WikiTree: The FREE Family Tree". 
  28. ^ "Mike Moore on leave as diplomat heads embassy". 
  29. ^ Chateau, Carroll du (7 December 2001). "The English Doctor". The New Zealand Herald. 
  30. ^ "Clarke Gayford – Genealogy". 
  31. ^ "The spotlight on Jacinda Ardern's TV presenter partner Clarke Gayford". stuff. 2 August 2017. 
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