Sportsperson of the Year (Czechoslovakia)

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Three young women standing on a sportspodium with medals around their necks. The winner, standing in the middle on the top, is wearing a gymnastics dress with a little lion on her left arm. The silver and bronze medalists, standing on the sides, are wearing casual sports clothes with a sign "DDR". The winner and the silver medalist are smiling happily, the bronze medalist looks serious.
Věra Čáslavská, an artistic gymnast, stands on the top of the podium at the 1967 European Championships.

Sportsperson of the Year (Czech: Sportovec roku, Slovak: Športovec roka) was a prize awarded annually to the best athletes of Czechoslovakia from 1959 to 1992 by the Club of Czechoslovak Sports Journalists. The first winner was white-water canoer Vladimír Jirásek. From 1961 the prize was also given to the best sports team; the first team recipient was the Czechoslovakia national ice hockey team. Since the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the prize has continued in both successor countries as the Sportsperson of the Year of the Czech Republic[1] and the Sportsperson of the Year of Slovakia.[2]

The individual prize was usually awarded to a single sportsperson, but on two occasions, two people received it – Eva Romanová and Pavel Roman (ice dancers) in 1962, and the Pospíšil brothers (cycle-ball players) in 1979. The prize was given to 28 different athletes, 22 men and 6 women, in 23 sports disciplines. Gymnast Věra Čáslavská won the prize four times, the most of any sportsperson. She was also the only one to have received it in three consecutive years (from 1966 to 1968). Six people were awarded the prize more than once.[3]

The team prize was won by teams in 12 sport disciplines; all winners but one were national teams. The only time members of a sports club team were awarded the Sportsperson of the Year was the Dukla Prague handball team, in 1963. Ice hockey teams were given the award six times – most of all disciplines. Ice hockey goaltender Josef Mikoláš and cross-country skier Květa Jeriová were the only people who won both the individual and the team prize[3] (Mikoláš as a member of the Czechoslovakia national ice hockey team at 1961 World Championships[4] and Jeriová as a member of ski relay at the 1984 Winter Olympics[5]). Men's teams received the prize 20 times, and women's teams won it 3 times. From 1970 to 1977, and in 1979, the team prize was not awarded. The team award was won back to back twice, by the men's national ice hockey team in 1968 and 1969, and by the men's national ski-relay team in 1988 and 1989.[3]

Individual awards

Year Name Sport Achievements in the given year
1959 Jirasek, VladimirVladimír Jirásek× C1 whitewater slalom World Championships in Geneva, Switzerland – 1st[6]
1960 Bosáková, EvaEva Bosáková+ Artistic gymnastics Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy, balance beam – 1st, team – 2nd[7]
1961 Mikoláš, JosefJosef Mikoláš× Ice hockey (goaltender) World Championships in Geneva, Switzerland, team – 2nd[4]
1962 Romanová, EvaEva Romanová
Pavel Roman~
Ice dancing World Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia – 1st[8]
European Championships in Geneva, Switzerland – 3rd[9]
1963 Kozák, VáclavVáclav Kozák× Rowing European Championships in Copenhagen, Denmark, single scull – 1st[10]
1964 Caslavska, VeraVěra Čáslavská+ Artistic gymnastics Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan, all-round – 1st, balance beam – 1st, vault – 1st, team – 2nd[11]
1965 Daněk, LudvíkLudvík Daněk× Discus throw World record of 65.22 metres (214 ft) in Sokolov, Czechoslovakia[12]
1966 Caslavska, VeraVěra Čáslavská+ Artistic gymnastics World Championships in Dortmund, West Germany, team – 1st, all-round – 1st, vault – 1st,[13] balance beam – 2nd, floor exercise – 2nd[14]
1967 Caslavska, VeraVěra Čáslavská+ Artistic gymnastics European Championships in Amsterdam, Netherlands, all-round – 1st, vault – 1st, uneven bars – 1st, balance beam – 1st, floor exercise – 1st[14]
1968 Caslavska, VeraVěra Čáslavská+ Artistic gymnastics Summer Olympics in Mexico City, Mexico, all-round – 1st, vault – 1st, uneven bars – 1st, balance beam – 2nd, team – 2nd[15]
1969 Rezková, MiloslavaMiloslava Rezková+ High jump European Championships in Athens, Greece – 1st[16]
1970 Rygl, LadislavLadislav Rygl× Nordic combined World Championships in Vysoké Tatry, Czechoslovakia – 1st[17]
1971 Nepela, OndrejOndrej Nepela× Figure skating World Championships in Lyon, France – 1st[18]
European Championships in Zürich – 1st[19]
1972 Daněk, LudvíkLudvík Daněk× Discus throw Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany – 1st[20]
1973 Kodeš, JanJan Kodeš× Tennis Wimbledon Championships – 1st[21]
US Open – 2nd[22]
1974 Macha, VitezslavVítězslav Mácha× Greco-Roman wrestling World Championships in Katowice, Poland, 74 kg weight class – 1st
European Championships in Madrid, Spain, 74 kg weight class – 2nd[23]
1975 Kodejška, KarelKarel Kodejška× Ski jumping Ski flying World Championships in Bad Mitterndorf, Austria – 1st[24]
1976 Tkáč, AntonAnton Tkáč× Track cycling Summer Olympics in Montreal, Canada, sprint – 1st[25]
1977 Macha, VitezslavVítězslav Mácha× Greco-Roman wrestling World Championships in Göteborg, Sweden, 74 kg weight class – 1st[23]
1978 Tkáč, AntonAnton Tkáč× Track cycling World Championships in Munich, West Germany, sprint for amateurs – 1st[26]
1979 Pospíšil brothers× Cycle ball World Indoor Cycling Championships in Schiltigheim, France – 1st[27]
1980 Zaremba, OtaOta Zaremba× Weightlifting 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union, 100 kg weight class – 1st[28]
1981 Kratochvílová, JarmilaJarmila Kratochvílová+ Athletics – track disciplines European Indoor Championships in Grenoble, France, 400 m – 1st[29]
1982 Bugár, ImrichImrich Bugár× Discus throw European Athletics Championships in Athens, Greece – 1st[16]
1983 Kratochvílová, JarmilaJarmila Kratochvílová+ Athletics – track disciplines World Championships in Helsinki, Finland, 400 m – 1st (world record of 47.99),[30] 800 m – 1st,[31] 4 × 400 m relay – 2nd[32]
European Indoor Championships in Budapest, Hungary, 400 m – 1st[29]
800m world record of 1:53.28 in Munich, West Germany[33]
1984 Jeriová, KvětaKvěta Jeriová+ Cross-country skiing Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, 5 km – 3rd, 4 x 5 km relay – 2nd[34]
1985 Jirmus, PetrPetr Jirmus× Aerobatics European Championships – 1st[35]
1986 Pribilinec, JozefJozef Pribilinec× Racewalking European Championships in Stuttgart, West Germany – 1st[16]
1987 Parma, JiříJiří Parma× Ski jumping World Championships in Oberstdorf, West Germany – 1st[36]
1988 Pribilinec, JozefJozef Pribilinec× Racewalking Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea – 1st[37]
1989 Szabó, AttilaAttila Szabó× K-1 canoe sprint World Championships in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, K-1 10000 m – 1st[38]
1990 Lohyňa, JozefJozef Lohyňa× Freestyle wrestling World Championships in Tokyo, Japan, 82 kg weight class – 1st[23]
1991 Simunek, RadomirRadomír Šimůnek× Cyclo-cross World Championships in Gieten, Netherlands – 1st[39]
1992 Změlík, RobertRobert Změlík× Decathlon Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain – 1st[40]

Team awards

Year Team Achievements in the given year
1961 Men's national ice hockey team× World Championships in Geneva and Lausanne, Switzerland – 2nd[41]
1962 Men's national football team× World Cup in Chile – 2nd[42]
1963 Dukla Prague men's handball team× European Champions Cup – 1st[43]
1964 Men's national volleyball team× Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan – 3rd[44]
1965 Men's national ice hockey team× World Championships in Tampere, Finland – 2nd[41]
1966 Men's national volleyball team× World Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia – 1st[45]
1967 Men's national handball team× World Championships in Sweden – 1st[46]
1968 Men's national ice hockey team× Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France – 2nd[47]
1969 Men's national ice hockey team× World Championships in Stockholm, Sweden – 3rd[41]
1970 not awarded
1971 not awarded
1972 not awarded
1973 not awarded
1974 not awarded
1975 not awarded
1976 not awarded
1977 not awarded
1978 National motorcycle team× International Six Days Enduro in Värnamo, Sweden – 1st[48][49]
1979 not awarded
1980 Men's national football team× Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union – 1st[50]
1981 Men's national road cycling team× World Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia, team time trial – 3rd[51]
1982 National motorcycle team× International Six Days Enduro in Považská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia – 1st[52][53]
1983 Women's national tennis team+ Fed Cup – 1st[54]
1984 Women's national ski-relay team+ Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia – 2nd[55]
1985 Men's national ice hockey team× 1985 World Ice Hockey Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia – 1st[41]
1986 Men's national track cycling team× World Championships in Colorado Springs, United States, 4000 m team pursuit – 1st[56]
1987 Women's national volleyball team+ European Championships in Belgium – 3rd[57]
1988 Men's national ski-relay team× Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada – 3rd[58]
1989 Men's national ski-relay team× World Championships in Lahti, Finland – 3rd[59]
1990 Men's national football team× World Cup in Italy – quarterfinals[60]
1991 Men's national table-tennis team× World Championships in Chiba, Japan – 3rd[61]
1992 Men's national ice hockey team× Winter Olympics in Albertville, France – 3rd[62]

World Championships in Czechoslovakia – 3rd[41]

See also

References

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