Sports in Los Angeles

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The Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to several professional and collegiate sports teams. The Greater Los Angeles Area has nine major league professional teams: the Anaheim Ducks, the Los Angeles Angels, the Los Angeles Chargers, the Los Angeles Clippers, the Los Angeles Dodgers, LA Galaxy, the Los Angeles Kings, the Los Angeles Lakers, and the Los Angeles Rams. Los Angeles FC will begin play as the area's tenth major team in 2018. USC Trojans football, UCLA Bruins men's basketball, USC Trojans baseball, USC Trojans track & field, and Cal State Fullerton Titans baseball are all historically premier organizations in college sports. Other major sports teams include UCLA Bruins Football, Los Angeles Sparks, Pepperdine Waves baseball, and formerly the Los Angeles Raiders and Los Angeles Aztecs. Between them, these Los Angeles area sports teams have won a combined 105 Championship Titles. Los Angeles area colleges have produced upwards of 200 National Championship Teams, primarily from USC Trojans and UCLA Bruins of the Pac-12 Conference. The 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles. In 2028 the city will host the Olympics for a third time.

Major league professional teams

Location of major league teams in Greater Los Angeles area

Los Angeles is home to major league sports teams from all five major leagues — MLB, MLS, the NBA, the NFL, and the NHL. The following are the major professional teams in the Los Angeles area.

Club League Venue Attendance Founded Established
in L.A.
Titles
in L.A.
Los Angeles Angels MLB Baseball Angel Stadium 37,277 1961 1961 1
Los Angeles Dodgers Dodger Stadium 46,216 1883 1958 5[a 1]
Los Angeles Clippers NBA Basketball Staples Center 19,226 1970 1984 0
Los Angeles Lakers 18,997 1947 1960 11[a 2]
Los Angeles Kings NHL Hockey 18,178 1967 1967 2
Los Angeles Sparks WNBA Basketball 10,998 1997 1997 3
Los Angeles FC MLS Soccer Banc of California Stadium 22,000 2018 2018 0
LA Galaxy StubHub Center 23,136 1996 1996 5
Los Angeles Chargers NFL Football 27,000 1960 1960, 2017 0[a 3]
Los Angeles Rams Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 83,164 1936 1946, 2016 1[a 4]
Anaheim Ducks NHL Hockey Honda Center 15,887 1993 1993 1
  1. ^ Does not include 1955 World Series won in Brooklyn.
  2. ^ Does not include five championships won in Minneapolis.
  3. ^ Does not include 1963 AFL Championship Game won in San Diego
  4. ^ Does not include 1945 NFL Championship Game won in Cleveland or Super Bowl XXXIV won in St Louis.

Baseball

The Los Angeles area is one of four metropolitan areas to host two Major League Baseball teams—the Los Angeles Dodgers in the National League and the Los Angeles Angels in the American League. The Dodgers are one of the most valuable franchises in MLB. The Dodgers were founded in Brooklyn, New York; they officially adopted the name Dodgers in 1932.

Basketball

Los Angeles boasts two NBA teams, the Los Angeles Lakers and the Los Angeles Clippers. Both share the Staples Center. The Lakers are one of the most valuable franchises in the NBA and have gained a considerable fanbase over the years. They have the most titles of all Los Angeles franchises, having gained 11 titles in LA and 16 overall. Their title count is second only to the Boston Celtics, who have 17 titles. The LA Lakers were founded as the Minneapolis Lakers, having moved to Southern California in 1960. The LA Clippers were founded as the Buffalo Braves in 1970; in 1978, the team moved to San Diego and changed the nickname to Clippers; the team re-located from San Diego in 1984.

When he died in 2013, Lakers owner Jerry Buss also owned the city's WNBA franchise, the Los Angeles Sparks, which also plays at Staples Center. His family still owns the Lakers, but has since sold the Sparks to Guggenheim Partners, the current owners of the Dodgers. One year later, longtime Clippers owner Donald Sterling was banned from the NBA after derogatory statements he made became public, and was subsequently forced to sell the team. The franchise was purchased by former Microsoft executive Steve Ballmer in August 2014.

The Clippers plan to build a new arena in Inglewood, across from the Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park, by 2024 when their lease with Staples Center expires.

Football

The region has two National Football League (NFL) teams: the Los Angeles Chargers and Los Angeles Rams. The Rams originally played in LA from 1946 to 1994, while the Chargers shared LA with them for only one season in 1960. The NFL approved the Rams' relocation back to Los Angeles from St. Louis in 2016 with an option for the San Diego Chargers or Oakland Raiders to join at a later date.[1][2] The Rams play home games at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Exposition Park until their new stadium, Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park in Inglewood, is completed in 2020. In 2017, the Chargers announced they would be leaving San Diego to rejoin the Rams as the second team.[3] For 2017, 2018 and 2019, the Chargers will play in Carson at the soccer-specific StubHub Center until the new shared stadium is complete. It is the first time since 1960 that the Rams and Chargers will be sharing the same market and the first time since 1994 that the market will have two NFL teams.

Hockey

The region has two NHL teams — the Los Angeles Kings, which entered the league when it doubled in size in 1967, and the Anaheim Ducks, which joined in 1993 as the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim. The Kings have won 2 titles, in 2012 and 2014. The Ducks have won the Stanley Cup once in 2007.

Soccer

The Los Angeles area hosts one top-level professional team that competes in Major League Soccer, LA Galaxy. The Galaxy have five MLS championships, more than any other MLS team as of 2016. The expansion club, Los Angeles FC, is set to begin play in 2018.

Minor league and semi-pro teams

Basketball

The metropolitan area has two teams in the NBA G League, the Agua Caliente Clippers in Ontario and the South Bay Lakers in El Segundo.

Gaelic football

The amateur sport of Gaelic football has been played in Los Angeles since the early 20th century. Los Angeles were national champions in 1959.[4]

The Wild Geese Gaelic Football Club, Inc. founded in 1978 [5] administers Gaelic football activities in Orange County. In 2015, another team the Culver City Cougars [6] was founded to compete in Southern California. Both teams competes in the Southern California championship and in the National Playoffs organized by the USGAA.

Ice hockey

The Ontario Reign was an ECHL team from 2008 to 2015. After a team swap with Manchester, the new Ontario Reign began play in the American Hockey League in 2015.

Rugby league

Los Angeles's rugby league team the Los Angeles Raiders RLFC are a developing team in the USA Rugby League, formed in 2011. They were aimed to compete as a full team in 2012.[7]

Rugby union

The most prominent rugby club in Los Angeles is the Santa Monica Rugby Club, which competes in the Pacific Rugby Premiership.

The Los Angeles Rugby Club is the second oldest club in the Southern California Rugby Football Union.[citation needed] The Club was founded in 1958 as the Universities Rugby Club. Founding members included Al Williams and Dick Hyland, members of the Gold Medal winning 1924 USA Olympic Rugby Team. Other rugby clubs include the LA Rebellion and the San Fernando Valley Rugby Club.

Soccer

The Los Angeles area also has multiple clubs in the United Soccer League, the Premier Development League, the United Premier Soccer League and the National Premier Soccer League scattered throughout the region: Orange County SC, Santa Ana Winds FC, LA Wolves FC, Moreno Valley FC, FC Golden State Force, Southern California Seahorses, Ventura County Fusion, City of Angels FC, Deportivo Coras USA, Orange County FC, Oxnard Guerreros FC, SoCal SC, and Temecula FC, to name some.

In addition, the Santa Clarita Blue Heat play in the UWS.

Ultimate

The Los Angeles Aviators are a member of the twenty-four team American Ultimate Disc League (AUDL), a professional ultimate frisbee league spanning the United States and Canada. The Aviators are one of six teams currently competing in the Western Division, and play a fourteen-game regular season against the five other teams in the division: San Francisco FlameThrowers, San Diego Growlers, Seattle Cascades, San Jose Spiders, and Vancouver Riptide.

Former professional teams

Club League Last Venue Years in L.A. Championships
Los Angeles Raiders NFL Football Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 1982–1994 1 (1983: Super Bowl XVIII)
Los Angeles Avengers AFL Arena Football Staples Center 2000–2009 0
Los Angeles Kiss AFL Arena Football Honda Center 2014–2016 0
Los Angeles Xtreme XFL Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 2001 1 (2001)
Chivas USA MLS Soccer StubHub Center 2005–2014 0
Anaheim Arsenal D-League Basketball Anaheim Convention Center 2006 0

Football

Los Angeles did not have an NFL team in between the 1994 season and the 2016 season; prior to that it had two teams simultaneously. Immediately after the 1994 season, the Los Angeles Rams moved from suburban Anaheim, California to St. Louis, Missouri, and the Los Angeles Raiders returned to Oakland, California. Over the years between 1995 and 2016 there were multiple failed stadium proposals to bring back the NFL to Los Angeles and teams threatening to move in. On January 12, 2016, NFL owners voted 30–2 to allow the then St. Louis Rams to move back to Los Angeles, and allow for the construction of the stadium proposed by Rams owner Stan Kroenke over a plan proposed by the Oakland Raiders and the San Diego Chargers. The Chargers would still follow through with a move to Carson a year later in 2017 and plan on sharing the Rams' new stadium in Los Angeles.

The Los Angeles Xtreme were a member of the XFL begun by Vince McMahon of World Wrestling Entertainment and by NBC, a major television network in the United States. The team played its home games in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in the spring of 2001 and won the only championship in XFL history as the league folded after only one season.

Los Angeles had multiple teams in the Arena Football League and American Football League, prior to the NFL. The Los Angeles Wildcats, also called "Wilson Wildcats", were a traveling team for the first AFL in 1926. The Los Angeles Bulldogs were members of AFL II (1937) and a minor AFL (1939) before joining the Pacific Coast Professional Football League. The original Los Angeles Chargers were a charter member of AFL IV, becoming the San Diego Chargers in 1961. The Los Angeles Mustangs were members of the short-lived American Football League in 1944. From 1983–1985 the Los Angeles Express was a team in the United States Football League.

Before the AFL collapsed after the 2008 season, the league included the Los Angeles Cobras and the Los Angeles Avengers. The Cobras played one season at the Los Angeles Sports Arena before folding, mostly due to lack of attendance. The Avengers played their home games at the Staples Center until they folded as well. The AFL was revived in 2010 and returned to the Los Angeles area in 2014 with a new team, the Los Angeles Kiss. The team, owned by a group that included Gene Simmons and Paul Stanley, members of the rock band KISS, played in Anaheim at the Honda Center until folding in 2016.[8]

Soccer

The Los Angeles Wolves were a member of the United Soccer Association, starting its first season in 1967. The Los Angeles Toros of the National Professional Soccer League also started its first season in 1967. When both leagues merged to form the North American Soccer League, the Wolves remained in Los Angeles while the Toros relocated and became the San Diego Toros in 1968. When the first season ended, both teams folded. Later, the NASL returned a team in Los Angeles by establishing the Los Angeles Aztecs in 1974. The Aztecs folded in 1981.

Los Angeles Lazers was owned by Jerry Buss and played in the MISL from 1982–1988. Buss again owned the Los Angeles United in the CISL but after one season (1993) sold the team. The United relocated to Anaheim and became Anaheim Splash. The Los Angeles Sol played one season (2009) of Women's Professional Soccer before folding.

Most recently, Chivas USA was a member of Major League Soccer starting in 2005, until folded by the league in 2014.

Lacrosse

Major League Lacrosse was represented with the Los Angeles Riptide from 2006 to 2008.

College

The metropolitan area boasts nine NCAA Division I athletic programs. The best-known are the two whose football teams compete in the top-level Football Bowl Subdivision, both of which are in the city of Los Angeles proper:

  • UCLA Bruins — Winners of more national team championships than any other college program (105), and 259 individual national championships (364 total national championships).
  • USC Trojans — Winners of 91 national team championships, and 357 individual national championships (448 total national championships).

USC has 11 national championships in football and, together with Notre Dame, has more Heisman Trophy winners than any other school. In men's basketball, UCLA has won more titles than any other school.

The area's other Division I programs are:

Olympic & Paralympic Games

Los Angeles hosted the Summer Olympic Games twice. The city first hosted the games in 1932 and hosted once again in 1984. Los Angeles has made a total of ten Summer Olympic bids in its history, more than any other city. Los Angeles along with Athens and Paris are the three cities that have hosted the Summer Olympic Games twice. Los Angeles will host the 2028 Summer Olympics and Paralympic Games and will become the third city to host the Olympics three times, after London (1908, 1948, 2012) and Paris (1900, 1924, 2024).

1932 Olympic Games

The Opening Ceremony of the 1932 Summer Olympics

The 1932 Summer Olympics marked the first time Los Angeles staged the Olympic Games. It took place during the Great Depression and the games were reported to have produced a $1 million profit for the city.[9] Los Angeles was the only city to submit a bid for the 1932 edition of the Summer Olympics and was selected as the host city at the 21st IOC Session in Rome in 1923. The 1932 Summer Olympics marked the second time the US had hosted the Summer Olympics, with St. Louis hosting the 1904 Summer Olympics.

The United States won a total of 103 medals during the games, including 41 gold medals.

Since the games were the tenth edition of the modern Olympic Games, Tenth Street was renamed Olympic Boulevard. Today Olympic Blvd is home to multiple attractions, such as the Grammy Museum.

1984 Olympic Games

The Opening Ceremony of the 1984 Summer Olympics

The 1984 Summer Olympics marked the second time Los Angeles had staged the Olympic Games. Much like the 1932 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles was the only city to submit a bid. Los Angeles was elected as the host city at the 80th IOC Session in Athens in 1978. The cost overruns of the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal discouraged cities to bid. Los Angeles depended on existing venues and infrastructure to host the games. The games produced a $200 million profit and are considered the most successful edition of the Olympic games.[10]

Despite the success Los Angeles had as a host city, the games were boycotted by fourteen Eastern Bloc countries, including the Soviet Union. Romania and Yugoslavia however, did not take part in the boycott and competed at the 1984 Summer Olympics. The United States and many other NATO nations had boycotted the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow four years earlier.

The United States won a total of 174 medals, including 83 gold medals.

2028 Olympic & Paralympic Games

Aerial view of the site of Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park, the future home of the Los Angeles Rams and Los Angeles Chargers. It is expected to be completed for the 2020 NFL season. It will also host the main opening ceremony for the 2028 Summer Olympics.

Los Angeles will host the 2028 Summer Olympics and Paralympic Games. This will mark the third time the Olympic Games are held in Los Angeles and the first time the city stages the Paralympic Games. The city will join London and Paris as the only cities to have hosted the Olympics three times.

Upon the USOC reaching a new revenue sharing agreement with the IOC, Los Angeles had been mentioned as a possible bidding city for the 2024 Summer Olympics.[11] In March 2013, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa sent a letter to the USOC confirming the city's interest in bidding for the 2024 Olympics.[12] On September 1, 2015 Los Angeles was chosen as the U.S. candidate to bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics after the USOC withdrew Boston's bid for the 2024 Olympics.[13] After Rome, Hamburg and Budapest withdrew their bids for the 2024 Olympics, only Los Angeles and Paris remained in the race. The IOC then decided to award both Paris and Los Angeles with future editions of the Olympic Games. In July 2017, an agreement was made which secured the 2024 Olympics for Paris and the 2028 Olympics for Los Angeles. Both cities were unanimously elected at the 131st IOC Session in Lima on September 13, 2017.

The 2028 Summer Paralympics will mark the first time the Paralympic Games are held in Los Angeles. Before Los Angeles hosted the 1984 Summer Olympics, the 1984 Summer Paralympics were held in New York City.

Unsuccessful bids

Aside from securing the right to host the 1932, 1984 and 2028 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles has made frequent Olympic bids in the past. Out of the ten bids which the USOC had submitted to the IOC over the years, seven previous official bids were unsuccessful. Los Angeles submitted bids for the 1924, 1928, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1976 and 1980 Summer Olympics, but lost to Paris, Amsterdam, London, Helsinki, Melbourne, Montreal and Moscow respectively.

Los Angeles had expressed interest to the USOC about bidding for the Olympics on multiple occasions, while failing to secure the USOC's support. Seventeen years after hosting the 1984 Olympics, the city became interested in bidding for the 2012 Summer Olympics, but the USOC chose to submit New York City's bid to the IOC. New York ultimately lost to London.[14] Los Angeles later bid to be the US candidate for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but the USOC decided to submit Chicago's bid to the IOC. Chicago ultimately lost to Rio de Janeiro. Following Chicago's defeat, Los Angeles again expressed interest in bidding for a future edition of the Olympic Games. In November 2011 a delegation from Los Angeles attended a seminar at the IOC headquarters for cities interested in bidding on future editions of the Olympic Games.[15] The USOC declined to submit a bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics, which was ultimately won by Tokyo. In February 2012, Los Angeles hosted the 5th IOC World Conference on Women and Sport which was attended by then-IOC President Jacques Rogge as well as IOC members.[16][17] At the conference Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa and IOC Member Anita DeFrantz stated that the city would be interested in hosting the Olympic Games a third time.[18]

International soccer tournaments

The Los Angeles metropolitan area has served as host of multiple international soccer competitions over the years. The sport enjoys a relatively high level of popularity in Los Angeles.

1994 FIFA World Cup

The Rose Bowl hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final (c. 2008)

In 1994 the United States hosted the FIFA World Cup. The Rose Bowl in Pasadena hosted eight matches, including the final where Brazil defeated Italy 3-2 on penalties.

The Rose Bowl, along with the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park are three venues in the LA area that could host matches if the United States, Canada and Mexico win their joint-bid to host the 2026 FIFA World Cup.

1999 & 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup

Los Angeles was one of the host cities for the 1999 and 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup.

The Rose Bowl hosted four matches during the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup including the final where the United States defeated China 5-4 on penalties.

The United States hosted the FIFA Women's World Cup again in 2003 after China withdrew as hosts due to the SARS outbreak. The Home Depot Center, now known as StubHub Center, in Carson was one of the venues that was used in the event. The venue hosted six games, including the final where Germany defeated Sweden 2-1 in sudden death.

Other soccer tournaments

The Rose Bowl hosted three matches during the 2016 Copa America and host hosted matches during the CONCACAF Gold Cup on multiple occasions. The StubHub Center in Carson as well as the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum have also hosted matches during the CONCACAF Gold Cup over the years.

Other national and international sporting events

Throughout the history of Los Angeles, several national and international sporting events have taken place in the city.

Super Bowls

The Los Angeles area has hosted the Super Bowl seven times. The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum hosted Super Bowl I in 1967 and Super Bowl VII in 1973. The Rose Bowl hosted Super Bowl XI in 1977, Super Bowl XIV in 1980, Super Bowl XVII in 1983, Super Bowl XXI in 1987 and Super Bowl XXVII in 1993. The city ranks third on the list of having hosted the most number of Super Bowls, after Miami and New Orleans.

Los Angeles will host the Super Bowl for an eighth time when they host Super Bowl LVI in 2022 which will be held at Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park.

Special Olympics

Los Angeles has served as host of the Special Olympics on two occasions.

Los Angeles first hosted the Special Olympics World Summer Games in 1972. On September 15, 2011, It was announced that Los Angeles would host the 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games.[19] The games were held between July 24 to August 2, 2015.[20]

Cricket

The 2016 ICC World Cricket League Division Four tournament is being held at the Leo Magnus Cricket Complex in Woodley Park, Van Nuys, Los Angeles between October 28 and November 5, 2016, involving national teams from Bermuda, Denmark, Italy, Jersey, Oman, and the United States.

League of Legends World Championships

Los Angeles has played host to the 2013 and 2016 League of Legends World Championship Finals.

Stadiums and arenas

Stadium City Capacity Type Tenants Opened
Memorial Coliseum[21][22] Los Angeles 93,607 Football USC Trojans football, Los Angeles Rams 1923
Rose Bowl[23] Pasadena 92,542 Football UCLA Bruins football; Rose Bowl Game 1922
Dodger Stadium[24] Los Angeles 56,000 Baseball Los Angeles Dodgers 1962
Angel Stadium of Anaheim[25] Anaheim 45,050 Baseball Los Angeles Angels 1966
StubHub Center Carson 27,000 Soccer LA Galaxy, Los Angeles Chargers 2003
Staples Center Los Angeles 18,997 Arena Los Angeles Clippers, Los Angeles Lakers,
Los Angeles Kings, Los Angeles Sparks
1999
Honda Center Anaheim 18,211 Arena Anaheim Ducks 1993
The Forum Inglewood 17,505 Arena 1967
Pauley Pavilion Los Angeles 13,800 Arena UCLA Bruins men's basketball 1965
Long Beach Arena Long Beach 11,719 Arena 1962
Citizens Business Bank Arena Ontario 10,832 Arena Agua Caliente Clippers, Ontario Reign, Ontario Fury 2008
Galen Center Los Angeles 10,258 Arena USC Trojans men's basketball 2006

Future venues

Stadium City Capacity Type Tenants Opening (planned)
Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park Inglewood 80,000 Football Los Angeles Chargers, Los Angeles Rams 2020
Banc of California Stadium Los Angeles 22,000 Soccer Los Angeles FC 2018

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Hanzus, Dan (January 12, 2016). "Rams to relocate to L.A.; Chargers first option to join". NFL.com. National Football League. Retrieved January 13, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Rams to Return to Los Angeles". St. Louis Rams. January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2016. 
  3. ^ London, Guardian. "Chargers confirm they're leaving San Diego and heading to LA". 
  4. ^ http://admin.sportsmanager.ie/cake/gaa2/nagaa/contentPage/30927/past_national_champions
  5. ^ http://www.wildgeesegfc.org
  6. ^ http://www.cougars.la/
  7. ^ http://www.usarugbyleague.com/about/developing-regions/
  8. ^ Rovell, Darren (August 15, 2013). "KISS brings football to Los Angeles". ESPN.com. Retrieved August 15, 2013. 
  9. ^ http://www.la84foundation.org/SportsLibrary/JOH/JOHv1n1/JOHv1n1f.pdf
  10. ^ Abrahamson, Alan (July 25, 2004). "LA the Best Site, Bid Group Insists; Olympics: Despite USOC rejection". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 17, 2008. 
  11. ^ IOC agrees revenue-sharing deal with USOC
  12. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/03/07/olympics-2024-los-angeles_n_2831607.html LA letter to USOC
  13. ^ "USOC names Los Angeles the official U.S. bidder for the 2024 Summer Olympics". Los Angeles Times. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "Los Angeles Launches Olympic Bid". ABC News. July 2001. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  15. ^ http://aroundtherings.com/articles/view.aspx?id=38351
  16. ^ First Round of Speakers Announced for 2012 International Olympic World Conference
  17. ^ 5th World Conference on Women and Sport
  18. ^ Women and Sport Opens with Jeers for FIFA, Cheers for Trophy Winners
  19. ^ http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/other_news/1216135892.html
  20. ^ Events & Venues
  21. ^ Media-Newswire.com – Press Release Distribution. "media-newswire.com". media-newswire.com. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  22. ^ www.dailytrojan.com
  23. ^ "History". Rose Bowl Stadium. Rose Bowl Stadium. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  24. ^ "losangeles.dodgers.mlb.com". losangeles.dodgers.mlb.com. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  25. ^ "anaheim.angels.mlb.com". anaheim.angels.mlb.com. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
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