Spinola brigade

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Francis Barretto Spinola, organizer of the "Spinola Empire Brigade" in the American Civil War.

The Spinola Brigade, also known as Spinola's Empire Brigade, was a unit of the Union Army during the American Civil War. Composed of several regiments of mainly Italian Americans from New York City; it was named after its initial commander Francis B. Spinola.

Spinola was commissioner of New York Harbor when the civil war erupted. He joined the volunteer army in a New York regiment and was commissioned as an officer. He was appointed brigadier general of Volunteers on October 2, 1862. General Spinola commanded two relief efforts to lift the Confederate siege of Washington, North Carolina. In 1862 he recruited and organized a brigade of four regiments from New York, mainly composed of Italian Americans, known as Spinola's Empire Brigade.[1] The regiments did not serve together in the field as a brigade.

The four regiments of Spinola's brigade included:

Spinola later assumed command of the Excelsior Brigade after the Battle of Gettysburg, but this was not the same organization.

See also

References

  1. ^ "THE NEW CALL FOR TROOPS. - RECRUITING IN THE CITY. THE UNITED STATES MUSTERING OFFICE. THE QUARTERMASTER'S OFFICE. FILLING UP THE OLD REGIMENTS. THE HALLECK GUARD. THE STATON LEGION. THE METROPOLITAN GUARD. THE SPINOLA BRIGADE. THE FIFTH NEW-YORK ZOUAVES". The New York Times. July 22, 1862. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 

External links

  • New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center Spinola's or Empire Brigade
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