Sperrins

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The Sperrins
Na Speiríní (Irish)[1]
Sperrin Muntains (Ulster-Scots)[2]
Sawel mountain.jpg
Sawel Mountain, the highest point of the Sperrins
Highest point
Peak Sawel Mountain
Elevation 678 m (2,224 ft)
Geography
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country Northern Ireland
Counties County Tyrone, County Londonderry
Range coordinates 54°48′00″N 7°04′59″W / 54.8°N 7.083°W / 54.8; -7.083Coordinates: 54°48′00″N 7°04′59″W / 54.8°N 7.083°W / 54.8; -7.083
Geology
Orogeny Caledonian orogeny
Type of rock Schist, quartzite,[3] granite, basalt, rhyolite

The Sperrins or Sperrin Mountains (from Irish Speirín, meaning "little pinnacle"[4]) are a range of mountains in Northern Ireland and one of the largest upland areas in Ireland. The range stretches the counties of Tyrone and Londonderry from south of Strabane eastwards to Slieve Gallion in Desertmartin and north towards Limavady. The region has a population of some 150,000 and is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Features

It has a distinctive glaciated landscape. The Glenshane Pass, part of the A6 Belfast to Derry road, is in the mountains and has notoriously bad weather in winter. Sawel Mountain is the highest peak in the Sperrins, and the seventh highest in Northern Ireland. Its summit rises to 678 m (2,224 ft). Another of the Sperrins, Carntogher (464 m), towers over the Glenshane Pass.[5]

Geologically, the Sperrins are formed mostly from Precambrian metamorphic rocks, with some younger Ordovician igneous rocks in the southern flank of the range.

See also

Slieve Gallion in the snow

References

  1. ^ Hoare, Natalie (July 2009) UK Landscapes, The Sperrins, Geographical Magazine
  2. ^ "Ulstèr Merikay Fowk Pairk, Youngstèrs Wisin". National Museums Northern Ireland. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  3. ^ The Rock Cycle, Schist, Co Tyrone, The Geological Society
  4. ^ Ulster Place Names - Magherafelt (C. Dunbar)
  5. ^ "Glenshane Slopes Landscape". Environment and Heritage Service. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 

External links

  • Landscapes Unlocked - Aerial footage from the BBC Sky High series explaining the physical, social and economic geography of Northern Ireland.


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