From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Speicherstadt abends.jpg
View of Wandrahmsfleet at night
General information
Type warehouse district
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Location Hamburg, Germany
Construction started 1883
Completed 1927
Opened 1888
Owner Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
Other dimensions 1,500 m × 250 m
Technical details
Material red brick
Size 26 hectares (0.26 km2)
Floor area 630,000 m2 (6,800,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect Carl Johann Christian Zimmermann
Engineer Franz Andreas Meyer
Official name Speicherstadt
Type cultural
Criteria iv
Designated 2015
Part of Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus
Reference no. 1467
Aerial view of warehouses pervaded by loading canals and streets
Aerial view of the Speicherstadt

The Speicherstadt (German pronunciation: [ˈʃpaɪ̯çɐˌʃtat], literally: 'City of Warehouses', meaning warehouse district) in Hamburg, Germany is the largest warehouse district in the world where the buildings stand on timber-pile foundations, oak logs, in this particular case. It is located in the port of Hamburg—within the HafenCity quarter—and was built from 1883 to 1927.

The district was built as a free zone to transfer goods without paying customs. As of 2009, both the district and the surrounding area are under redevelopment. As the first site in Hamburg, it was awarded the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site on 5 July 2015.[1]


A technical cross-section of houses and waterbodies.
A panoramic view of the Speicherstadt.

The Speicherstadt is located in the port of Hamburg. It is 1.5 km (0.93 mi) long and interlaced by loading canals (Low German: Fleets).


Since 1815, the independent and sovereign city of Hamburg was a member of the German Confederation—the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna—but not member of the German Customs Union. With the establishment of the German Empire in 1871, Hamburg could not be a customs free zone and part of the German Empire. Due to treaties of 1888, Hamburg was part of the German customs zone and a free port was established.[2]

In 1883, the demolition of the Kehrwieder and Wandrahm area began and more than 20,000 people needed to be relocated. The construction was completed before the start of World War I, it was managed by the Freihafen-Lagerhaus-Gesellschaft (the predecessor of the Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG), which was also responsible for the subsequent operation. After the destruction of about half of the buildings in Operation Gomorrah by bombing during World War II, the conservative rebuilding was finished in 1967, while the Hanseatic Trade Center occupies now the sites of the completely destroyed structures.[3] In 1991 it was listed as a protected Hamburg heritage site.[4]. Since 2008, it has been part of the HafenCity quarter.[5] In an attempt to revitalize the inner city area, the Hamburg government initiated the development of the HafenCity area, for example with the construction of the Elbe Philharmonic Hall.[6]


Many houses
A cross-section view of the Speicherstadt from 1888.
A red brick multi-storey house in Neo-Gothic style with little towers and other ornamental features.
Facade of a warehouse
'Wasserschloss' at Holländischbrookfleet

The warehouses were built with different support structures, but Andreas Meyer created a Neo-Gothic red-brick outer layer with little towers, alcoves, and glazed terra cotta ornaments. The warehouses are multi-storey buildings with entrances from water and land.[4] One of the oldest warehouses is the Kaispeicher B of the International Maritime Museum.

Hafenrathaus ('Harbour City Hall') in the Speicherstadt


The Speicherstadt is a major tourist attraction in Hamburg.[7] There are several museums like the Deutsches Zollmuseum (de) (German Customs Museum), Miniatur Wunderland (a model railway) and the Hamburg Dungeon. The Afghan Museum was also located here, but closed in 2011.

The buildings are also used as warehouses. As of 2005, the companies in the Speicherstadt handled one-third of the world's carpet production, and other goods including cocoa, coffee, tea, spices, maritime equipment, and electronics.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with Chilehaus". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Prange, Carsten (2005). "Zollanschluß". In Franklin Koplitzsch and Daniel Tilgner. Hamburg Lexikon (in German) (3 ed.). Ellert&Richter. p. 538. ISBN 3-8319-0179-1. 
  3. ^ "Speicherstadt Hamburg Entwicklungskonzept (German)" (PDF). Hamburg Behörde für Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt. April 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Prange, Carsten (2005). "Speicherstadt". In Franklin Koplitzsch and Daniel Tilgner. Hamburg Lexikon (in German) (3 ed.). Ellert&Richter. pp. 444–445. ISBN 3-8319-0179-1. 
  5. ^ "Gesetz über die räumliche Gliederung der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg (RäumGiG) [Act of the areal organisation]" (in German). 2006-07-06. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  6. ^ Jörn Weinhold (2008). Martina Heßler and Clemens Zimmermann, ed. Port Culture: Maritime Entertainment and Urban Revitalisation, 1950–2000. Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag. pp. 179–201. ISBN 978-3-593-38547-1. 
  7. ^ "Inside Hamburg's Fascinating Warehouse District". Travel Addicts. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 


  • Batz, M. (2002). "Urbane Light Germany Speicherstadt, Hamburg, the largest historical warehouse complex in the world, has become a softly-glowing night-time panorama". International Lighting Review (12,): 14–19. OCLC 193350885. 
  • Lawrenz, Dierk; von Borstel, Christiane (2008). Die Hamburger Speicherstadt (in German). Freiburg, Br: EK-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-88255-893-7. 
  • Meyn, Boris (2003). Die rote Stadt: ein historischer Kriminalroman (in German). Reinbek: Rowohlt. ISBN 978-3-499-23407-1.  A historical detective story.
  • Lange, Ralf; Hampel, Thomas (2004). Speicherstadt und HafenCity: zwischen Tradition und Vision (in German). Hamburg: Elbe-und-Flut-Ed., Hampel und Hettchen. ISBN 978-3-7672-1440-8. 

External links

Media related to Speicherstadt at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 53°32′36″N 9°59′31″E / 53.54333°N 9.99194°E / 53.54333; 9.99194

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Speicherstadt&oldid=802614551"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speicherstadt
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Speicherstadt"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA