Speaker of the New Zealand Legislative Council

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The Speaker of the Legislative Council was the chair of New Zealand's upper house, the Legislative Council. The position corresponded roughly to that of Speaker of the House of Representatives. It was abolished in 1951, along with the Legislative Council itself.

Holders of the office

Eighteen people held the office of Speaker since the creation of the Legislative Council. Three had previously been Prime Minister. One had previously been Speaker of the House of Representatives. A list of Speakers is below.[1]

Colour key
(for political parties)

 Independent  
 Liberal  
 Ind. Labour League  
 Reform  
 United  
 Labour  
 National  

No. Name Portrait In office Government
1 William Swainson No image.png 16 May 1854 – 8 August 1855 pre-responsible government
2 Frederick Whitaker1 Frederick Whitaker.jpg 8 August 1855 – 12 May 1856
Sewell Ministry
3 Thomas Bartley Thomas Houghton Bartley, 1856.jpg 12 May 1856 – 1 July 1868
first Fox Ministry
first Stafford Ministry
second Fox Ministry
Domett Ministry
Whitaker–Fox Ministry
Weld Ministry
second Stafford Ministry
4 John Richardson No image.png 1 July 1868 – 6 December 1878†
third Fox Ministry
third Stafford Ministry
Waterhouse Ministry
fourth Fox Ministry
first Vogel Ministry
Pollen Ministry
second Vogel Ministry
first Atkinson Ministry
second Atkinson Ministry
Grey Ministry
5 William Fitzherbert2 William Fitzherbert.jpg 14 June 1878 – 22 April 1887†
Hall Ministry
Whitaker Ministry
third Atkinson Ministry
first Stout–Vogel Ministry
fourth Atkinson Ministry
second Stout–Vogel Ministry
6 George Waterhouse1 George Marsden Waterhouse.jpg 22 April 1887 – 21 September 1887
(5) William Fitzherbert 2nd time William Fitzherbert.jpg 21 September 1887 – 23 January 1891
Scarecrow Ministry
7 Harry Atkinson1 Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, ca 1885.jpg 23 January 1891 – 28 June 1892† Liberal Government
8 Henry Miller No image.png 8 July 1892 – 6 October 1897
6 October 1897 – 9 July 1903
9 William Walker William Campbell Walker, ca 1890s.jpg 9 July 1903 – 5 January 1904†
10 John Rigg[2] (acting) John Rigg.jpg 5 January 1904 – 7 July 1904
11 Alfred Cadman Alfred Jerome Cadman (Cropped).jpg 7 July 1904 – 23 March 1905†
12 Richard Reeves (acting) Richard Harman Jeffares Reeves.jpg 23 March 1905 – 30 June 1905
13 Charles Bowen[3] Charles Christopher Bowen, 1878.jpg 30 June 1905 – 4 July 19103
4 July 1910 – 4 July 1915
Reform Government
14 Charles Johnston Charles Johnston, Speaker of NZ Legislative Chamber 1915–1918.jpg 7 July 1915 – 13 June 1918†
15 Walter Carncross Walter Carncross.jpg 1 November 1918 – 10 July 19243
10 July 1924 – 10 July 19293
United Government
10 July 1929 – 10 July 19343
United/Reform Coalition
10 July 1934 – 18 July 1939
First Labour Government
16 Mark Fagan Mark Fagan.png 18 July 1939 – 2 August 19443
2 August 1944 – 31 December 1947†
17 Bernard Martin Bernard Martin.png 29 June 1948 – 8 March 1950
First National Government
18 Thomas Bishop Thomas Otto Bishop.png 15 March 1950 – 31 December 1951

1 Also served as Prime Minister
2 Previously Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives
3 Reappointed at end of member's term † Speaker died in office.

See also

References

  1. ^ Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. p. 88. 
  2. ^ Thomas, Paul. "Rigg, John 1858–1943". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Lineham, Peter J. "Bowen, Charles Christopher - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 31 October 2011. 
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