Spanish jazz

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Jazz in Spain began with an interest in Dixieland or New Orleans jazz.[citation needed] In that time it evolved into other styles, often influenced by visiting Americans. In 1947 Don Byas introduced Tete Montoliu to bebop, and other efforts to combine jazz with flamenco occurred. Catalan and Galician music have influenced some regions.

Jazz in Spain suffered from many difficulties. These included cultural, political, and economic systems that were unsuitable for creativity. Francisco Franco's regime placed restraints on jazz. The return to democracy and the development of the economy allowed jazz to expand.[1]

Spain has many outdoor jazz festivals. The Donostia-San Sebastian Jazz Festival began in 1966. In the middle 1970s, the festival attracted Charles Mingus, Tete Montoliu, Ella Fitzgerald, Oscar Peterson, Dizzy Gillespie, Herbie Hancock, Lionel Hampton, John Lee Hooker, Sonny Rollins, B.B. King, Woody Herman, Freddie Hubbard, Weather Report, Gato Barbieri, Art Blakey, Mercer Ellington, McCoy Tyner, Chick Corea, Clark Terry, and Miles Davis. The festival held in Vitoria-Gasteiz, set up in 1977, also attracts musicians.

Jazz festivals

  • Festival de Jazz de Vitoria (Vitoria-Gasteiz)[2]
  • Festival de Jazz de San Sebastian (Donostia-San Sebastian)[3]
  • Festival de Jazz de Barcelona
  • Festival de Jazz de Terrassa (Terrassa)[4]
  • Festival de Jazz de Valencia (Mar-i-jazz)[5]
  • Festival de Jazz de Madrid
  • Festival Internacional de Jazz de Peñíscola (Castelló)
  • Festival de Jazz de San Javier

Jazz musicians in Spain

References

  1. ^ Apoloybaco
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ Diego Amador's Website
  7. ^ Biography Archived 2006-11-24 at the Wayback Machine All About Jazz
  8. ^ website Archived 2007-09-20 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ [5] Jazz Magazine
  10. ^ Biografías del Jazz: Carme Canela Archived 2007-04-10 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2007-04-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Jazz Magazine
  12. ^ Alberto Conde website
  13. ^ Alberto Conde Tomajazz bio
  14. ^ Alex Conde Website
  15. ^ Biography Biography Archived 2005-11-28 at the Wayback Machine All About Jazz
  16. ^ NPR
  17. ^ Xavier Dotras
  18. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  19. ^ Jose Luis Gamez's website
  20. ^ All About Jazz Archived 2008-02-19 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Tomajazz bio
  22. ^ Apoloybaco bio
  23. ^ bio Jazz Magazine
  24. ^ Tomajazz bio
  25. ^ CitizenJazz bio
  26. ^ Biography Archived 2007-10-07 at the Wayback Machine Jazz Magazine
  27. ^ Chick Corea's website
  28. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  29. ^ Igor Prochazka Trio
  30. ^ Biography All Music
  31. ^ Criss Cross Jazz
  32. ^ National Geographic World Music site
  33. ^ Perico Sambeat's website
  34. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  35. ^ Biography Archived 2013-07-17 at the Wayback Machine Apoloybaco
  36. ^ Biography All About Jazz
  37. ^ Biography Apoloybaco
  38. ^ Biography Tomajazz

External links

  • Tomajazz: Spanish jazz, articles, interviews, news
  • Apoloybaco
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