Spanish Royal Guard

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Royal Guard
Guardia Real
Emblem of the Spanish Royal Guard.svg
Active 1504–present[1]
Country  Spain
Allegiance King and Fatherland
Branch FAS-ESP.svg Spanish Armed Forces
Type Infantry, cavalry and horse artillery
Role Executive protection
Size 1900 troops (1 regiment)
Garrison/HQ Royal Palaces
Motto(s) Al servicio de la Corona
("At the service of the Crown")
March Himno de la Guardia Real
("Hymn of the Royal Guards")
Anniversaries October 12
General Prim
General Castaños

The Royal Guard (Spanish: Guardia Real) is an independent unit of the Spanish Armed Forces that is dedicated to the protection of the King of Spain and members of the Spanish Royal Family. It currently has a strength of 1900 troops. While the guard does participate in parades and other ceremonial events, it is a fully functional combat unit. Its members are recruited from the ranks of all three branches of the Spanish Armed Forces and receive the same combat training as regular soldiers.

The guard contains a diverse mix of units: a Royal Marines company from the Navy, a paratroop company from the Air Force and an infantry company from the Army, among others. Some units have served in recent times in Afghanistan and Bosnia.


The history of the Royal Guard dates back to medieval times. The senior unit and one of the oldest body guards in the world is the Corps of Gentlemen of the Chamber, the Monteros de Espinosa, dating to 1006 and created by Sancho Garcia of the House of Castile.

In addition to protecting members of Spanish Royal Family, the present functions of the unit include the protection of foreign heads of state visiting Spain, and of royal palaces such as the Royal Palace of Madrid (Palacio Real), the Palace of El Pardo and the Palace of Zarzuela.


Royal Guards at the main entrance of the Palacio Real.
Guard change at the Palacio Real.
King Juan Carlos I inspects the Royal Guard during the 2009 Pascua Militar.
King Ferdinand of Aragon escorted by Castile's Royal Guard during the swearing of the Fueros in Guernica in 1476 as Lord of Biscay.
Colours of the Marine company of the Royal Guard.
  • High Command of the Royal Guard
  • High Command Group
    • Group HQ
    • HQ Company
    • Security Company
    • Communications Company
    • Formation Center
    • Religious Service of the Royal Guard
  • Escorts Group
    • Group HQ
    • Military Control Company
      • Perimeter Control Section
      • Attack Dog Section
      • Motorcycle Section
    • Alabarderos (Halberdiers) Company
      • 1st Immediate Security Section
      • 2nd Immediate Security Section
      • Alabarderos Section
    • Royal Escort Squadron
    • Royal Horse Artillery Battery
    • Equestrian Training Unit
  • Honors Group
    • Group HQ
    • Army Company "Monteros de Espinosa"
      • 1st Platoon
      • 2nd Platoon
      • 3rd Platoon
      • Drill Team Platoon
    • Navy and Marine Composite Company "Mar Océano"
      • 1st Platoon
      • 2nd Platoon
      • 3rd Platoon
    • Air Force Squadron "Plus Ultra"
      • 1st Flight
      • 2nd Flight
      • 3rd Flight
    • Mountaineering Group
    • Diving Unit
  • Logistics Group
    • Group HQ
    • Administration Company
    • Maintenance Company
    • Transportation Company
    • Logistics Directorates
  • Musical Unit of the Armed Forces Royal Guard

See also


  1. ^ History

External links

  • Official website of the Royal Guard (in Spanish)

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