Spacewalk (software)

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Spacewalk
Original author(s) Red Hat
Initial release June 2008
Stable release
2.9 / January 14, 2019; 8 months ago (2019-01-14)
Repository https://github.com/spacewalkproject/spacewalk
Written in Java, Perl and Python
Operating system Linux
Available in English, Francais, Bengali, Hindi, Japanese, Punjabi, Russian, Simplified Chinese, German, Spanish, Gujarati, Italian, Korean, Brazilian, Portuguese, Tamil, Traditional Chinese
Type Systems management
License GNU General Public License v2
Website www.spacewalkproject.org

Spacewalk is an open-source systems management solution[buzzword] for system provisioning, patching and configuration licensed under GNU General Public License v2. It is constructed from free and open source software (FOSS) components.

Overview

Features

Spacewalk encompasses the following functions:[1]

  • Systems Inventory (Hardware and Software)
  • System Software Installation and Updates[2]
  • Collation and Distribution of Custom Software Packages into Manageable Groups
  • System provisioning (via Kickstart)
  • Management and deployment of configuration files
  • Provision of virtual Guests
  • Start/Stop/Configuration of virtual guests
  • OpenSCAP Auditing of client systems[3]

Architecture

Spacewalk Server: Server represents managing System

  • It is possible to set up master and slave servers, and even a tree setup is possible[4]
  • There are options for geographically remote proxy servers[5]

Spacewalk Client: A system managed by a Spacewalk server

Spacewalk is controlled by the following Interfaces:

Subscription Management:

  • Particular upstream and downstream versions may include integration to supported vendor subscription support network such as Red Hat Subscription Management (RHSM), ULN[7], and SUSE Enterprise Linux Server subscriptions.

Backend Database:

  • While formerly requiring the commercial Oracle Database as a backend, version 1.7 (released in March 2012) added support for PostgreSQL.[8]

Upstream and downstream versions

A number of DownStream versions use upstream Spacewalk version as the basis of their System Provision, patch and errata management:

Support for particular client OSes, server OSes, system architectures, backend databases, and subscription services varies between versions and releases.

Oracle Spacewalk

Oracle introduced their own version of Spacewalk particularly to provide a familiar alternative for those switching from a different vendor while Oracle Enterprise Manager remains Oracle Corporation's preferred way of managing systems[9].

Spacewalk for Oracle® Linux is designed to be hosted on Oracle Linux (OL).

Oracle Spacewalk Release Date Upstream Release Server Versions Client Versions Features
2.0 November 2013 2.0 OL 6 OL 5, OL 6 First Oracle Spacewalk Release
2.2 January 2015[10] 2.2 OL 6 OL 5, OL 6, OL 7[11] New features related to upstream Spacewalk 2.2
2.4 April 2016 2.4 OL 6, OL 7 OL 5, OL 6, OL 7 Oracle Linux 7 supported
2.6 May 2017[12] 2.6 OL 6, OL 7 OL 5, OL 6, OL 7 taskotop monitor utility and removal of system and software channel entitlements
2.7 April 2018[13] 2.7 OL 6, OL 7 OL 5, OL 6, OL 7 jabberd, depricated jPackage libraries, and further enhancements

The about section of the release notes in Oracle Spacewalk 2.x Documentation indicate only minor branding changes and changes for GPG keys[14]

Red Hat Satellite 5

Red Hat Satellite 5 is a licensed downstream adaption of Spacewalk with added functionality to manage Red Hat Enterprise Linux Subscriptions. In the active years of the Red Hat Satellite 5 lifecycle Spacewalk was simply known as the upstream project for Satellite. The relationship between Spacewalk and Red Hat Satellite 5 was analogous to the relationship between Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. With the emergence of Red Hat Satellite 6 with based on a fundamentally different toolset, end of lifecycle phase of Red Hat Satellite 5 and the emergence of downstream spacewalk based offerings from Oracle and SUSE newer versions of Spacewalk may not have this close relationship.

SUSE Manager Server

In March 2011 Novell released SUSE Manager 1.2, based on Spacewalk 1.2 and supporting the management of both SUSE Linux Enterprise and Red Hat Enterprise Linux.[15]

As of February 2017 the current version of SUSE Manager is SUSE Manager 3.

SUSE Manager 3 is based upon Spacewalk 2.4.[16] SUSE Manager 3 extends Spacewalk and incorporates integrates other components.[17] Subscription Management Capabilities for Red Hat Enterprise Linux and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server are supported.

In May 2018, during the openSUSE conference in Prague, it was announced[18][19] that a fork of Spacewalk, called Uyuni, was being created. Named after the salt flat in Bolivia, Uyuni uses Salt for configuration management and React as the user interface framework. Future versions of SUSE Manager will use Uyuni as its upstream project[20].

History and development

Development

Red Hat developed the Red Hat Network to manage subscriptions software management and created the Red Hat Satellite application as a central management point with the user network.

For Red Hat Satellite version 5 the Satellite Function was implemented by a toolset named Project Spacewalk.

Red Hat announced in June 2008 Project Spacewalk was to be made open source under the GPLv2 License[21]

Satellite 5.3 was the first version to be based on upstream Spacewalk code.[22]

Stewardship and governance

In the Spacewalk FAQ[23] issued in 2015 after the release of Red Hat Satellite 6 Red Hat.

  • Red Hat formally released Spacewalk as open source(GPLv2) in June 2008
  • Red Hat continues to sponsor and support Spacewalk as the upstream Red Hat Satellite 5. However that participation is anticipated to diminish as Red Hat Satellite 5 enters the final phases of its lifecycle. Spacewalk is not and can never be upstream for Red Hat Satellite 6 released in September 2014[24][25] due to it being a ground up rebuild with a different toolset.
  • The Spacewalk project can continue to grow and flourish provided that the community continues to find it a useful tool and is willing to support it.

Builds

Upstream build

Releases

Release Release Date Server Version[a] Selected features and notes
Spacewalk 2.9 January 14, 2019 27, 28, 29 [26] Installable on Fedora 29 and can distribute RHEL 8 Beta
Spacewalk 2.8 April 19, 2018 26, 27, 28 [27] Support PostgresSQL 10
Spacewalk 2.7 September 26, 2017 24, 25, 26 [28] Taskomatic daemon monitor
Spacewalk 2.6 November 29, 2016 23, 24 [29] Can sync to Debian/Ubuntu apt repositories
Spacewalk 2.5 June 8, 2016 22, 23 [30] System entitlements and Software Channels entitlements removed
Spacewalk 2.4 October 7, 2015 21, 22 [31] More Standardization on PatternFly User Interface
Spacewalk 2.3 April 14, 2015 20, 21 [32] Solaris support removed
Spacewalk 2.2 July 16, 2014 19, 20 [33] RHEL7 and CentOS 7 clients supported
Spacewalk 2.1 March 4, 2014 19, 20 [34] Final Release installable to RHEL 5. Improved OpenSCAP integration.
Spacewalk 2.0 July 19, 2013 18, 19 [35] Support for external PostgreSQL database
Spacewalk 1.9 March 5, 2013 17, 18 [36] New reports
Spacewalk 1.8 November 1, 2012 16, 17 [37] Integration with SUSE Studio
Spacewalk 1.7 March 7, 2012 15, 16 [38] OpenSCAP integration
Spacewalk 1.6 December 22, 2011 15, 16 [39] Support for Kickstart Proxy via a CNAME
Spacewalk 1.5 July 21, 2011 14, 15 [40] AutoYaST Support
Spacewalk 1.4 April 26, 2011 13, 14 [41] apt-get plug-in support
Spacewalk 1.3 February 4, 2011 13, 14 [42]
Spacewalk 1.2 November 19, 2010 12, 13, 14 [43]
Spacewalk 1.1 August 13, 2010 12, 13 [44]
Spacewalk 1.0 April 29, 2010 11, 12 [45] Script for re-configuring server
Spacewalk 0.8 February 16, 2010 11, 12 [46] Support for packages using checksums other than MD5
Spacewalk 0.7 December 4, 2009 11, 12 [47]
Spacewalk 0.6 August 7, 2009 10, 11 [48] Yum repo can be imported into a channel
Spacewalk 0.5 March 31, 2009 10 [49]
Spacewalk 0.4 January 15, 2009 [50] Integration with Cobbler and Koan
Spacewalk 0.3 November 7, 2008 [51]
Spacewalk 0.2 September 16, 2008 [52] Release Announcement
Spacewalk June 17, 2008 [53] Initial Release Announcement

Criticisms

In a 2019 paper considering Linux open-source patching tools Spacewalk was commended for having a software inventory and community support but limited support for distributions noteabably Ubuntu was an issue.[54]

Miscellaneous

  • The Spacewalk logo is a trademark of Red Hat, Inc.[55]

Note

  1. ^ Fedora server version, see release note for other Linux distributions

References

  1. ^ "GitHub Spacewalkproject Home". 2017-01-13. Archived from the original on 2019-07-16. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  2. ^ Vora, Zeal (29 December 2017). Enterprise Cloud Security and Governance. Packt. ISBN 9781788298513. Pentest & Patch Management.
  3. ^ "OpenSCAP Auditing of client systems". docs.oracle.com. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  4. ^ "Configuring Inter-Server Synchronization". docs.oracle.com. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  5. ^ "Installing and Upgrading Spacewalk Proxies". docs.oracle.com. Archived from the original on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  6. ^ "Spacewalk API FAQ". Archived from the original on 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
  7. ^ "Introduction to Using Oracle Unbreakable Linux Network". Oracle Linux Blog. 2015-02-25. Archived from the original on 2016-08-09. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  8. ^ "PostgreSQL – spacewalk". Fedorahosted.org. 2012-03-07. Archived from the original on 2013-09-08. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
  9. ^ "Spacewalk 2.0 provided to manage Oracle Linux systems". Senior Vice President of Linux and Virtualization Engineering. 2013-11-13. Archived from the original on 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
  10. ^ "Friday Spotlight: Spacewalk 2.2 on public yum and Oracle Instant Client on ULN". Oracle's Linux Blog. 2015-01-30. Archived from the original on 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  11. ^ "Spacewalk client released for Oracle Linux 7". Oracle's Linux Blog. 2014-11-04. Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  12. ^ Miller, Avi (8 May 2017). "Announcing the release of Spacewalk 2.6". Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  13. ^ Miller, Avi (16 Apr 2017). "Announcing the release of Spacewalk 2.7". Archived from the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  14. ^ "Oracle Spacewalk Documentation Home". oracle.com. Archived from the original on 2017-10-20. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  15. ^ "Novell Rolls Out Advanced Linux Systems Management Solution". Novell.com. 2011-03-03. Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
  16. ^ "Release notes for SUSE Manager 3 Server Version 3.0.3". 2016-12-19. Archived from the original on 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  17. ^ "FAQ Server SUSE Manager 3" (PDF). 2016-04-16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-31. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  18. ^ "Uyuni: Forking Spacewalk with Salt and Containers". 2018-05-26. Archived from the original on 2018-08-26. Retrieved 2018-08-23.
  19. ^ "We're back to Earth, and the Earth is flat! Welcome Uyuni!". 2018-06-02. Archived from the original on 2018-08-23. Retrieved 2018-08-23.
  20. ^ "What's new in SUSE Manager 3.2". 2018-06-25. Archived from the original on 2018-08-24. Retrieved 2018-08-23.
  21. ^ "Project Spacewalk Announcement". Red Hat. 2008-06-02. Archived from the original on 2019-07-21. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
  22. ^ "Red Hat stretches Linux system management tentacle". The Register. 2009-09-02. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  23. ^ "(Spacewalk) Frequently Asked Questions". Red hat. 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-12-22. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  24. ^ "Satellite version 6 with Puppet, git, Foreman, Katello, Pulp and Candlepin included - questions on using Puppet". Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2014-11-06.
  25. ^ "Spacewalk: Free & Open Source Linux Systems Management". redhat.com. Archived from the original on 2010-04-17. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
  26. ^ "Spacewalk 2.9 Release notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  27. ^ "Spacewalk 2.8 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  28. ^ "Spacewalk 2.7 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  29. ^ "Spacewalk 2.6 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  30. ^ "Spacewalk 2.5 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  31. ^ "Spacewalk 2.4 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  32. ^ "Spacewalk 2.3 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  33. ^ "Spacewalk 2.2 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  34. ^ "Spacewalk 2.1 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  35. ^ "Spacewalk 2.0 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  36. ^ "Spacewalk 1.9 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  37. ^ "Spacewalk 1.8 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  38. ^ "Spacewalk 1.7 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  39. ^ "Spacewalk 1.6 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  40. ^ "Spacewalk 1.5 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  41. ^ "Spacewalk 1.4 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  42. ^ "Spacewalk 1.3 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  43. ^ "Spacewalk 1.2 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  44. ^ "Spacewalk 1.1 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  45. ^ "Spacewalk 1.0 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  46. ^ "Spacewalk 0.8 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  47. ^ "Spacewalk 0.7 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  48. ^ "Spacewalk 0.6 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  49. ^ "Spacewalk 0.5 Release Notes". Github. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  50. ^ "Spacewalk-announce-list — Spacewalk 0.4 is here!". www.redhat.com. Archived from the original on 2019-07-26. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  51. ^ "Spacewalk-list — Announcing Spacewalk 0.3". www.redhat.com. Archived from the original on 2019-07-21. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  52. ^ "Spacewalk-list — Spacewalk 0.2 available". www.redhat.com. Archived from the original on 2019-07-21. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  53. ^ "Spacewalk-list — Introducing Project Spacewalk". www.redhat.com. Archived from the original on 2019-07-21. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  54. ^ Midtrapanon, Soranut; Wills, Gary (2 May 2019). Linux patch management: With security assessment features (PDF). 4th International Conference on Internet of Things, Big Data and Security. Heraklion, Crete. pp. 270–277. Archived from the original on 17 September 2019.
  55. ^ "Spacewalk Home". Red Hat. 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-11-19. Retrieved 2017-02-02.

External links

Resources

Resource Notes
Project GitHub Home Github Root
GitHub Wiki Forced move from Fedorahosted.org TRAC from late 2016[1][2][3] and as of February 2017 may have some link discrepancies remaining
Official Project Home Domain Registered by Red Hat but not updated since 2015 (accessed January 2017)
User Documentation User Documentation
FAQ Upstream FAQ
Deprecated FedoraHosted Wiki Deprecated
  • Official website
  • GitHub.com repository for Spacewalk
  • Upstream GitHub documentation Wiki
  • Spacewalk Upstream User Documentation
  • Spacewalk on Fedorahosted.org (Deprecated)
  • Documentation for Red Hat Satellite 5.7 - Contains much Generally relevant for Spacewalk
  • Oracle Spacewalk Documentation - Generally useful Reference
  • SUSE Manager 3 Documentation
  1. ^ "Fedorahosted Sunset". 2016-10-16. Archived from the original on 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  2. ^ "Migration from Fedorahosted Trac". 2016-11-16. Archived from the original on 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  3. ^ "Spacewalk wiki has a new home!". spacewalk-devel. 2017-01-13. Archived from the original on 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
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