Soyuz TM-14

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Soyuz TM-14
Operator Rosaviakosmos
COSPAR ID 1992-014A
SATCAT no. 21908
Mission duration 145 days, 14 hours, 10 minutes, 32 seconds
Orbits completed ~2,280
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-TM
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew size 3
Members Alexander Viktorenko
Alexander Kaleri
Launching Klaus-Dietrich Flade
Landing Michel Tognini
Callsign Ви́тязь (Vityaz' - Knight)
Start of mission
Launch date March 17, 1992, 10:54:30 (1992-03-17UTC10:54:30Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U2
End of mission
Landing date August 10, 1992, 01:05:02 (1992-08-10UTC01:05:03Z) UTC
Landing site 136 kilometres (85 mi) SE of Dzhezkazgan
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 373 kilometres (232 mi)
Apogee 394 kilometres (245 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 92.2 minutes
Docking with Mir

Soyuz TM-14 patch.png

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)

Soyuz TM-14 was the 14th expedition to the Mir space station.[1] It included an astronaut from Germany, and was the first Russian Soyuz mission after the collapse of the Soviet Union.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Alexander Viktorenko
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer Russia Alexander Kaleri
First spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut Germany Klaus-Dietrich Flade
First spaceflight
France Michel Tognini
First spaceflight

Mission highlights

Klaus Dietrich Flade became the second German to visit a space station when he reached Mir with the Vityaz crew. The first was Sigmund Jähn of East Germany, who visited Salyut 6 in 1978. Flade conducted 14 German experiments as part of Germany’s preparation for participation in the Freedom and Columbus space station projects.

Suffered a landing system malfunction, causing its descent module to turn over. It came to rest upside down, trapping its occupants inside until it could be righted.


  1. ^ The full mission report is available here:
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