Soyuz T-3

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Soyuz T-3
COSPAR ID 1980-094A
SATCAT no. 12077
Mission duration 12 days, 19 hours, 7 minutes, 42 seconds
Orbits completed 204
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-T
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew size 3
Members Leonid Kizim
Oleg Makarov
Gennady Strekalov
Callsign Mayak (Beacon)
Start of mission
Launch date 27 November 1980, 14:18:28 (1980-11-27UTC14:18:28Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date 10 December 1980, 09:26:10 (1980-12-10UTC09:26:11Z) UTC
Landing site 130 kilometres (81 mi) from Dzhezkazgan
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee altitude 200 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee altitude 251 kilometres (156 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 6
USSR stamp Soyuz-T-3 1981 10k.jpg
1981 USSR stamp, depicting Soyuz T-3 spacecraft and crew, from left to right: Oleg Makarov, Leonid Kizim, Gennady Strekalov
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz 38
Soyuz T-4 →

Soyuz T-3 was launched on 27 November 1980, and carried the 15th expedition to the Salyut 6 space station. The Soyuz T-3 spacecraft was the first Soyuz spacecraft since 1971 that carried three cosmonauts.


Position Crew
Commander Soviet Union Leonid Kizim
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Soviet Union Oleg Makarov
Fourth and last spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut Soviet Union Gennady Strekalov
First spaceflight

Backup crew

Position Crew
Commander Soviet Union Vasili Lazarev
Flight Engineer Soviet Union Viktor Savinykh
Research Cosmonaut Soviet Union Valeri Polyakov

Mission summary

Although the main objective of the crew's mission was to refurbish Salyut 6, part of their mission also involved testing their spacecraft. During their brief stay on Salyut 6, the crew performed experiments using the Splav and Kristall units, and studied biological material which had been carried abroad their Soyuz using the Svetoblok and Oazis units. Much of their time, however, was devoted to station maintenance.

On 2 December they began conducting the Mikroklimat experiment to assess the station's living conditions, and began work on the thermal control system. They installed a new hydraulic unit with four pumps. On 4 December, they replaced electronics in the station's telemetry system. 5 December saw them repairing electrical system faults. Other repairs included replacement of a program and timing device in the onboard control system and replacement of a power supply unit for the compressor in the refueling system. The Salyut 6 Principal Expedition 4 crew in TsUP provided the crew with advice as they made their repairs. On 8 December, Progress 11 carried out an orbital correction for the complex.

Soyuz T-3 returned to Earth on 11 December 1980, landing 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakh SSR.

See also


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