Soyuz T-11

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Soyuz T-11
COSPAR ID 1984-032A
SATCAT no. 14872
Mission duration 181 days, 21 hours, 48 minutes,
Orbits completed ~2,935
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-T
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew size 3
Launching Yury Malyshev
Gennady Strekalov
Rakesh Sharma
Landing Leonid Kizim
Vladimir Solovyov
Oleg Atkov
Callsign Jupiter
Start of mission
Launch date 3 April 1984, 13:08:00 (1984-04-03UTC13:08Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 31/6
End of mission
Landing date 2 October 1984, 10:57:00 (1984-10-02UTC10:58Z) UTC
Landing site 46 kilometres (29 mi) E of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 195 kilometres (121 mi)
Apogee 224 kilometres (139 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 7
Soyuz T-11 mission patch.gif
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)

Soyuz T-11 was the 6th expedition to Salyut 7, and carried the first Indian cosmonaut to the Salyut 7 station.

Salyut 7 was unmanned after the undocking of Soyuz T-11 in October 1984 until Soyuz T-13 docked with the station in June 1985. Salyut 7 developed problems during the unmanned time, which meant that the crew of Soyuz T-13 had to perform a manual docking and do repairs to the station.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Yury Malyshev
Second and last spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Leonid Kizim
Second and last spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Gennady Strekalov
Third spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Vladimir Solovyov
First spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma
Only spaceflight
India India
Oleg Atkov
Only spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union

Backup crew

Position Crew
Commander Anatoli Berezovoy
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Georgi Grechko
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Ravish Malhotra
India India

Mission parameters

  • Mass: 6850 kg
  • Perigee: 195 km
  • Apogee: 224 km
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 88.7 minutes

Mission highlights

Rakesh Sharma conducted an Earth observation program concentrating on India. He also did life sciences and materials processing experiments, including silicium fusing tests. He is also reported to have experimented with practicing yoga to deal with the effects of prolonged orbital spaceflight.[1]


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