Soyol Erdene

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Soyol Erdene
Origin Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Genres Rock, pop
Years active 1971-present
Labels Melodiya/Mongol Ayalguu
Past members Tserenbat, Erdenekhuyag, Batsaikhan, Naranbaatar, Galsanbat, Zundari, Bayar, Damdinsuren, Jargalsaikhan, D. Enkhbold, Kh. Bulgan, B. Tsolmon, Rentsenkhand, Nandintsetseg, Dulamsuren, Uranchimeg, Nasantogtokh and Ariunaa

Soyol Erdene (Mongolian: Соёл Эрдэнэ, [ˈsɔjɔɮ ˈɛrdən]) is the first rock band of Mongolia.


"Soyol Erdene" is the name of a melodious popular song of 1920s which the band played on an electric guitar. The approximate meaning is "Cultural jewel".


The band was established in late 1971.[1] The Minister of Culture of that time, famous novelist Ch. Lodoidamba called four young musicians and said: "England has a band the Beatles of four young men. Why shouldn't we have a similar band?" The four young musicians, who had recently graduated from the School of Music and Dance in Ulaanbaatar (nowadays College of Music and Dance) as yatga (ятга) players, established a rock band. The members were Tserenbat (drums), Erdenekhuyag (guitar), Batsaikhan (guitar) and Naranbaatar (keyboard).[2] Later members were Galsanbat (guitar-solo), Zundari (bass), Bayar (vocal), Damdinsuren (guitar), Jargalsaikhan (drums), Jargalsaikhan (guitar/vocal), B. Tsolmon (drums). Among more recent members were D. Enkhbold (guitar-solo) and Kh. Bulgan (keyboard). Soyol Erdene also performed female singers Rentsenkhand, Nandintsetseg, Dulamsuren, Uranchimeg, Nasantogtokh and Ariunaa.

During socialism the band worked under the administration of the State Philharmony which also supervised a symphony orchestra and the jazz band Bayan Mongol.

The first compositions of the band were Mongolian folk songs in a rock style arrangement as well as songs written by the members of the band. They often used poems of famous Mongolian writers.

The rock band was frequently criticised by the MPRP censorship for promotion of the Western musical style and Western fashion.

Soyol Erdene won the gold medal at the 10th World Festival of Youth and Students in 1973.[2]


Among the most popular songs created by the members of Soyol Erdene during its merseybeat period in the early 1970s were "Setgeliin jigüür" (The wings of the Mood) by Zundari, "Zürhnii aizam" (Melody of the Heart), "Uchraliin uyanga" (Melody of Love) by Galsanbat, Ankhnii khairiin duu (Song of the First Love) and Hüleelt (Waiting) by Jargalsaikhan.

The most popular rock interpretations of Mongolian folk songs were "Damdin" and "Tonjoo" (Western Mongolian folk song). Western Mongolian folklore fitted well to the rock arrangement.

The most renowned instrumental compositions of Soyol Erdene were "Soyol Erdene", "Sansriin khölög" (Spaceship), Tsenkher zalaa (a yatga solo that became a jingle for weather forecasts) and "Ankhnii tsas" (The First Snow) by Naranbaatar.

See also

Music of Mongolia


  1. ^ "Соёл-Эрдэнэ" 33 жилийн дараа анхны цомгоо гаргалаа
  2. ^ a b S. Tuul. "Соёл-Эрдэнийн анхдагч буюу гурван Жагаагийн нэг", Newspaper Нийгмийн толь. 9 October 2009

External links

  • Наранбаатар. Цэнхэр залаа (Melody Tsenher Zalaa by Naranbaatar)

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