South Tapanuli Regency

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South Tapanuli Regency
(Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan)
Official seal of South Tapanuli Regency
Location of South Tapanuli in North Sumatra
Location of South Tapanuli in North Sumatra
Coordinates: 1°37′N 99°16′E / 1.61°N 99.26°E / 1.61; 99.26Coordinates: 1°37′N 99°16′E / 1.61°N 99.26°E / 1.61; 99.26
Country Indonesia
Province North Sumatra
Capital Sipirok
 • Total 4,352.86 km2 (1,680.65 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 274,905
 • Density 63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)

South Tapanuli is a regency in North Sumatra. Its seat is Sipirok. The regency covers an area of 4,352.86 square kilometres and according to the 2010 census it had a population of 264,108;[1] the latest estimate (for January 2014) is 274,905. These figures exclude the city of Padang Sidempuan, which is virtually surrounded by South Tananuli territory but is independently administered.


The regency is divided into twelve districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[2]

Name Population
Census 2010[2]
Batang Angkola 32,129
Sayur Matinggi 37,655
Angkola Timur
(East Angkola)
Angkola Selatan
(South Angkola)
Angkola Barat
(West Angkola)
Batang Toru 28,595
Marancar 9,351
Muara Batang Toro 11,401
Sipirok 30,435
Arse 7,871
Saipar Dolok Hole 12,674
Aek Bilah 6,396


Sampuran waterfall in Damparan Hauntas, Saipar Dolok Hole, South Tapanuli Regency

Sights include a waterfall in Damparan, Damparan Hauntas.


The Padang Lawas archaeological site is partly located in the regency. The site covers approximately 1,500 km² over the district (kecamatan) of Padangbolak in South Tapanuli, and in Padang Lawas and North Padang Lawas regencies.[citation needed]

The village of Batu Gana in Padangbolak Julu district is the location of a burial site consisting of a megalithic structure.[citation needed]

In the village of Padang Bujur in the same district, one can also find megalithic remains and what seems to be the base for a padmasana.[citation needed]

Other megalithic remains are found at Aek Korsik and Aek Tolong Huta, also in the Padangbolak district.[citation needed]


The critically endangered Tapanuli orangutan lives in the region. It was described as a distinct species in 2017 and represents the first extant species of great ape to be described since the bonobo in 1929.[3]


  1. ^ Seta,William J. Atlas Lengkap Indonesia dan Dunia (untuk SD, SMP, SMU, dan Umum). Pustaka Widyatama. p. 9. ISBN 979-610-232-3. 
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Reese, April (2017). "Newly discovered orangutan species is also the most endangered". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.22934. 


  • Simanjuntak, Truman, M. Hisyam, Bagyo Prasetyo, Titi Surti Nastiti (éds.), Archaeology: Indonesian perspective : R.P. Soejono's festschrift, LIPI, Jakarta, 2006, ISBN 979-26-2499-6
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