South Korean presidential election, 1972

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South Korean presidential election, 1972

← 1971 23 December 1972 1978 →

  박정희 대통령 김영삼 신민당 총재 접견 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Park Chung-hee
Party Democratic Republican
Electoral vote 2,357
Percentage 99.9%

President before election

Park Chung-hee
Democratic Republican

Elected President

Park Chung-hee
Democratic Republican

Two-stage presidential elections were held in South Korea in 23 December 1972, after the promulgation of the Yushin Constitution. Members of the National Council for Reunification electoral college were elected on 15 December 1972 and proceeded to elect the president on 23 December. The result was a victory for Park Chung-hee, who ran unopposed. Under the terms of the Constitution, the President was elected not by direct vote, as had been the case formerly, but by an electoral college known as the National Council for Reunification.[1] With no opposition candidates and with the National Council hand-picked by Park, Park was elected with the support of 2,357 out of the 2,359 delegates who had been elected to the Council on December 5. Two votes were registered as invalid.[2]

National Council for Reunification election

The 2,359 Deputies to the First National Council for Reunification were elected on 15 December 1972, with a voter turnout of 70%. All candidates were required to run as independents.

Presidential results

All 2,359 deputies cast their votes for sitting President Park Chung-hee, who was the only one registered as candidate, and 2,357 of those votes were counted, as two votes had Park's name misspelled.

Candidate Party Votes %
Park Chung-hee Democratic Republican 2,357 99.91
Invalid/blank votes 2 0.09
Total 2,359 100
Registered voters/turnout 2,359 100


  1. ^ Shelley, B. (2005) Democratic Development in East Asia. Psychology Press. p. 78.
  2. ^ Korea Annual, 1978. Hapdong News Agency. p. 51.
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