South Korean legislative election, 1996

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South Korean legislative election, 1996

← 1992 11 April 1996 2000 →

All 299 seats to the National Assembly of South Korea
150 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 63.9% (Decrease8%)
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Kim Young-sam.png Kim Dae-jung (Cropped).png Kim Jong-pil 1999.png
Leader Kim Young-sam Kim Dae-jung Kim Jong-pil
Party New Korea National Congress ULD
Leader since 28 August 1992 5 September 1995 21 March 1995
Leader's seat not contesting
PR List 14
(lost seat)
Last election 149 seats, 38.5%
Seats won 139 79 50
Seat change Decrease 10 New New
Popular vote 6,783,730 4,971,961 3,178,474
Percentage 34.5% 25.3% 16.2%
Emblem of South Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Korea

Parliamentary elections were held in South Korea on 12 April 1996.[1] The result was a victory for the New Korea Party, which won 139 of the 299 seats in the National Assembly. Voter turnout was 63.9%. Even though the New Korea Party remained the largest party in the National Assembly, it failed to win the majority.


The governing New Korea Party (formerly the Democratic Liberal Party) of President Kim Young-sam, lost its absolute parliamentary majority. The election was held three years into President Kim's five year mandate.

The opposition National Congress for New Politics was formed by veteran opposition leader Kim Dae-jung and his supporters in the Democratic Party. Kim had retired from politics following his loss in the 1992 Presidential election but formed the new party after his return in 1995.

The right-wing United Liberal Democrats was led by former Prime Minister of South Korea Kim Jong-pil, a former ally of President Kim. He had been a member of the former ruling Democratic Liberal Party but broke with it after Kim's victory in 1992. It joined with Kim Dae Jung's opposition and formed coalition.

The United Democratic Party had once been the premier opposition party. It supported Kim Dae-jung's unsuccessful Presidential campaign in 1992 and was the largest opposition party in the outgoing National Assembly. However, following the defection of Kim and his supporters, the party was reduced to a minor force. It later merged to Kim's party.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
New Korea Party 6,783,730 34.5 139 –10
National Congress for New Politics 4,971,961 25.3 79 New
United Liberal Democrats 3,178,474 16.2 50 New
United Democratic Party 2,207,695 11.2 15 –82
Unified People of Non-faction Party 177,050 0.9 0 New
Great Korean Democratic Party 3,114 0.0 0 New
21st Century Korean Independence Party 1,693 0.0 0 New
Chinmin Party 571 0.0 0 New
Independents 2,328,785 11.8 16 –5
Invalid/blank votes 469,726
Total 20,122,799 100 299 0
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p420 ISBN 0-19-924959-8

External links

  • 1996 elections in South Korea Inter-Parliamentary Union
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