South Korean legislative election, 1992

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South Korean legislative election, 1992

← 1988 24 March 1992 1996 →

All 299 seats to the National Assembly
150 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 71.9% (Decrease3.9%)
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Roh Tae-woo - cropped, 1989-Mar-13.jpg Kim Dae-jung (Cropped).png Chung Ju-yung.jpg
Leader Roh Tae-woo Kim Dae-jung Chung Ju-yung
Party Democratic Liberal Democratic Reunification National Party
Leader since March 1990 16 September 1991 February 1992
Leader's seat not contesting
PR List 1 PR List 3
Last election 219 seats (combined) 71 seats (combined)
Seats won 149 97 31
Seat change Decrease 70 Increase 27 New
Popular vote 7,923,718 6,004,578 3,574,419
Percentage 38.5% 29.2% 17.4%
Emblem of South Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Korea

Parliamentary elections were held in South Korea on 25 March 1992.[1] The result was a victory for the Democratic Liberal Party, which won 149 of the 299 seats in the National Assembly. However, DLP's seats shortened from 218 to 149 seats, less than 150 needed for majority, so this regarded as retreat. Voter turnout was 71.9%.


The ruling Democratic Liberal Party was formed in 1990 through the merger of the former ruling Democratic Justice Party along with two opposition parties, the Reunification Democratic Party (RDP) and the New Democratic Republican Party (NDRP). The merger resulted in DLP having a parliamentary supermajority of 218 seats, which was more than 2/3 of whole seats. The party supported President Roh Tae-woo and included among its members former opposition leader Kim Young-sam and former Prime Minister Kim Jong-pil.

The leading opposition party was the Democratic Party. It was formed in 1991 through the merger of the New Democratic Allied Party (called Peace Democratic Party in previous election) led by Kim Dae Jung and former members of the RDP with the minor Democratic Party. The party was co-led by Kim and Lee Kitack. DP won 97 seats, which was less than 100 seats, one third of the whole seats, needed to prevent DLP's attempt to revise the constitution.

The Reunification National Party was a conservative, centrist, Economic nationalist, pro-business party led by Hyundai founder Chung Ju-yung. The party campaigned heavily on the issue of the economy and the poor record of President Roh's government. The RNP won 31 seats, which was more than 10% of the seats, with 17.4% of popular vote, and joined the opposition.

These major three parties competed in presidential elections on 19 December, which ended with DLP nominee Kim Young-sam's victory.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Liberal Party 7,923,719 38.5 149 –70
Democratic Party 6,004,577 29.2 97 +26
Reunification National Party 3,574,419 17.4 31 New
New Political Reform Party 369,044 1.8 1 New
People's Party 319,041 1.5 0 New
Fairness People's Party 21,007 0.1 0 New
Independents 2,372,005 11.5 21 +12
Invalid/blank votes 259,670
Total 20,843,482 100 299 0
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p420 ISBN 0-19-924959-8

External links

  • 1992 election in South Korea Inter-Parliamentary Union
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