South Korea national football team

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Korea Republic
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) 태극전사 (Taegeuk Warriors)
아시아의 호랑이 (Tigers of Asia)
Association Korea Football Association (KFA)
Confederation AFC
Sub-confederation EAFF (East Asia)
Head coach Paulo Bento
Captain Son Heung-min
Most caps Cha Bum-kun (136)
Hong Myung-Bo (136)
Top scorer Cha Bum-kun (58)
Home stadium Seoul World Cup Stadium
FIFA code KOR
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 37 Steady (25 July 2019)[1]
Highest 17 (December 1998)
Lowest 69 (November 2014 – January 2015)
Elo ranking
Current 25 Increase 1 (30 July 2019)[2]
Highest 15 (September 1980, June 2002)
Lowest 80 (August 1967)
First international
Non-FIFA international
 South Korea 5–1 Hong Kong 
(Hong Kong; 6 July 1948)[3]
FIFA international
 South Korea 5–3 Mexico 
(London, United Kingdom; 2 August 1948)
Biggest win
 South Korea 16–0 Nepal   
(Incheon, South Korea; 29 September 2003)
Biggest defeat
 South Korea 0–12 Sweden 
(London, United Kingdom; 5 August 1948)
World Cup
Appearances 10 (first in 1954)
Best result Fourth Place (2002)
Asian Cup
Appearances 14 (first in 1956)
Best result Champions (1956, 1960)
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Appearances 2 (first in 2000)
Best result Fourth Place (2002)
Confederations Cup
Appearances 1 (first in 2001)
Best result Group Stage (2001)
South Korea national football team
Hangul
대한민국 축구 국가대표팀
Hanja
大韓民國 蹴球 國家代表팀
Revised Romanization Daehan Min'guk Chukgu Gukga Daepyo Tim
McCune–Reischauer Taehan Min'guk Ch'ukku Kukka Taep'yo T'im

The Korea Republic national football team (Korean: 대한민국 축구 국가대표팀) represents South Korea in international association football and is organised by the Korea Football Association.

Since the 1960s, South Korea has emerged as a major football power in Asia and is historically the most successful Asian football team, having participated in nine consecutive and ten overall FIFA World Cup tournaments, the most for any Asian country. Despite initially going through five World Cup tournaments without winning a match, South Korea became the first and currently only Asian team to reach the semi-final stages when they co-hosted the 2002 tournament with Japan. South Korea won the first two AFC Asian Cup tournaments (1956 and 1960), though they have been unable to win since, finishing as the runners-up in 1972, 1980, 1988, and 2015, and third in 1964, 2000, 2007, and 2011. They also took the gold medal at the 1970, 1978, and 1986 Asian Games. They have qualified for every FIFA World Cup since 1986.[4]

The team is commonly nicknamed "The Reds" by both fans and the media due to the color of their primary kit. The national team's supporting group is officially referred to as the Red Devils.[5]

History

Early years

Korea was not introduced to the sport of association football until the late 19th century; it is often said that soccer in Korea dates to 1882, when British sailors from HMS Flying Fish played a game while their vessel was visiting the Incheon Port.[6]

Korea became a Japanese colony in 1905 and was annexed into it outright in 1910. In 1921, the first All Korea Football Tournament was held, and in 1928, the Joseon Football Association (JFA) was organized, which created a foundation to disseminate and develop football in Korea.[7] Korean teams participated in competitions with Japanese teams from around 1926; Joseon Football Club became a de facto national team for Koreans, and won the 1935 Japanese national championship.[6] Koreans also played on the Japanese national team, most notably Kim Yong-sik who played for Japan at the 1936 Summer Olympics; Japan's last prewar national team in 1940 had two Korean players, Kim Yong-sik and Kim Sung-gan.

The JFA was reorganized in 1945 as Japanese occupation ended with the close of World War II.[6][8] Following the establishment of the South Korean state in the late 1940s, a new Korea Football Association (KFA) was founded in 1948 and joined FIFA, the international football governing body. The same year, the South Korean national team made its international debut and win against Mexico at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.[6]

South Korea first entered the FIFA World Cup in 1954 as the second Asian team ever to compete in the World Cup after the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia). South Korea played games against Hungary and Turkey, losing 9–0 and 7–0 respectively (the game scheduled against West Germany was never played because neither were seeded in their group, as per that tournament's rules). It would take thirty-two years before South Korea was able to participate in the World Cup finals again.

1956–1989

The KFA joined the AFC (Asian Football Confederation) in 1954. South Korea would later participate in the first AFC Asian Cup in 1956. They drew with Hong Kong but defeated Israel and South Vietnam to take first place. They hosted and won the 1960 AFC Asian Cup, winning all of their games with 3–0 victory against Israel.

However, they failed to repeat this success in the 1964 AFC Asian Cup and failed to qualify in the 1968 AFC Asian Cup. South Korea was motivated by North Korea's advancing to the quarter-finals in the 1966 FIFA World Cup, and founded Yangzee FC for the national team's development. Yangzee nurtured star players, most notably Lee Hoe-taik, and South Korea won the 1970 Asian Games. South Korea reached the final in the 1972 and 1980 AFC Asian Cup, but lost against Iran and Kuwait in the each finals. Instead, they won the Asian Games again in 1978.

In 1986, South Korea was able to qualify for the 1986 FIFA World Cup, held in Mexico, for the first time since 1954. They, however, failed to win a game despite the presence of Cha Bum-kun, at the time one of the best Asian players, losing 3–1 to Argentina, drawing 1–1 with Bulgaria, and losing 3–2 to Italy. In the same year, South Korea hosted the 1986 Asian Games and won the tournament with 2–0 victory against Saudi Arabia in the final. Their next major tournament was the 1988 AFC Asian Cup, in which they won all their games in the group stage and defeated China 2–1 in the semi-finals but lost on penalties 4–3 in the final against Saudi Arabia.

1990–2001

South Korea started the 1990s poorly. At the 1990 FIFA World Cup, they lost all their games against Spain 3–1, Uruguay 1–0, and Belgium 2–0. South Korea won the 1990 Dynasty Cup, but failed to qualify for the 1992 AFC Asian Cup by losing against Thailand because KFA sent B team in this qualification.

In the 1994 FIFA World Cup they managed to draw with Spain 2–2. Hong Myung-bo scored a goal and assisted teammate Seo Jung-won with the second, with both goals occurring in the last five minutes of the game. In their next game they earned another draw with Bolivia 0–0. In their last game against Germany they nearly managed another draw with Hwang Sun-hong and Hong Myung-bo each scoring a goal in the second half after being down 3–0 but they were unable to score thereafter and were defeated 3–2.

In the 1996 AFC Asian Cup they barely managed to make it out of the group stage as they ranked third on their group, losing to Kuwait on goal difference. A comparison made between all the third ranked teams in each group allowed South Korea to advance. However, they suffered a 2–6 loss to Iran in the quarter-finals, conceding five goals in the second half. Afterwards, former South Korean legend Cha Bum-kun became the head coach going into the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Performing well in the qualification, the team played poorly in the tournament, losing to Mexico 3–1 and Netherlands 5–0. Cha was sacked after the loss to the Netherlands. The team then managed a 1–1 draw against Belgium. In the 2000 AFC Asian Cup, South Korea managed to advance out of the group stage and defeated Iran 2–1 in the quarter-finals but were beaten by Saudi Arabia 2–1 in the semi-finals. They defeated China 1–0 to gain third place.

KFA joined Guus Hiddink for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, co-hosted in South Korea. They defeated Australia and Mexico but lost 5–0 against France, the eventual champions, in the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup. Hiddink received criticisms after they lost 5–0 again in the friendly match against Czech Republic.

Semifinalists: 2002 FIFA World Cup

Seoul Plaza during the 2002 World Cup

South Korea co-hosted the 2002 FIFA World Cup tournament with Japan. As they had never won a game in the World Cup previously, hopes were not very high. In addition there was pre-tournament criticism concerning Dutch coach Guus Hiddink, who many felt did not take his job seriously. However once the tournament began the South Korean team achieved their first ever victory in a World Cup with a 2–0 victory against Poland. Their next game was against the United States and earned a 1–1 draw, with striker Ahn Jung-hwan scoring a late game equalizer. Their last game was against the favored Portuguese side. Portugal earned two red cards in the match, reducing them to nine men and Park Ji-sung scored the winning goal in a 1–0 victory, allowing the South Korean team to qualify for the second round for the first time in their history. The team's success led to widespread euphoria from the Korean public, with many people joining the Red Devils, which gained widespread attention with their passionate support of the team.[9]

South Korea's second round opponents were Italy, who they defeated 2–1 in a very physical match. The Korean team was awarded an early penalty but Ahn Jung-hwan's effort was saved by Italian keeper Gianluigi Buffon. Christian Vieri then scored to put Italy ahead but Seol Ki-hyeon scored an equalizer in the 88th minute, allowing the game to go through to extra time. Francesco Totti was controversially sent off for an alleged dive and Ahn redeemed his missed penalty by scoring the winner with a headed golden goal, allowing them to advance to the quarter-final. South Korea faced Spain in the quarter-finals. Spain managed to score twice in this match, but both goals were cancelled by the referee officials.[10][11] The game then went to the penalties and South Korea won the penalty shootout 5–3, and becoming the first Asian team to reach the final four.[12] The South Korean team's run was halted by a 1–0 loss to Germany in the semi-finals. They lost to Turkey 3–2 in the third-place match to gain fourth place.

Team captain Hong Myung-bo received the Bronze Ball as the World Cup's third best player, the first Asian footballer to be awarded this. In addition Hong was selected for the team of tournament alongside teammate Yoo Sang-chul, the first and only time Asian footballers have been named. This level of success was unprecedented for a country that had never before won a game in the World Cup. They had gone further than any Asian team and upset several established European teams in the process, leading to an increase in the popularity of football in the country. Hiddink became a national hero in South Korea, becoming the first person to be granted honorary citizenship as well as being given a private villa.

2003–2006

Despite widespread pleas for him to stay, Hiddink resigned following the 2002 World Cup. After his departure there was a greater emphasis on hiring foreign coaches. As a result, Portuguese coach Humberto Coelho became the new manager. Under his management South Korea participated in and won the first EAFF East Asian Cup in 2003. However, following shocking defeats to Oman and Vietnam and a hapless 0–0 draw against the Maldives, Coehlo was sacked. Dutch coach Jo Bonfrere then took over. They had less success the next year in the Asian Cup, losing to Iran in the quarter finals. South Korea hosted the East Asian Cup in 2005 but finished in last place.

2006 FIFA World Cup

South Korea qualified for the 2006 World Cup after defeating Kuwait in the qualifiers, finishing second in Group B after Saudi Arabia. By this point Bonfrere had come under heavy criticism for the team's poor performance during the 2005 East Asian Cup as well as a 0–2 defeat to Saudi Arabia during World Cup qualification. He eventually resigned, and as a result, the Korean Football Association named Dick Advocaat the new coach to lead the team into the World Cup. During the 2006 World Cup, South Korea achieved their first World Cup victory outside Asia by beating Togo 2–1, with goals from Lee Chun-soo and Ahn Jung-hwan. Their next game was against France, who held the lead for most of the game but a goal by Park Ji-sung allowed the South Korean team to draw with the eventual finalists. This placed South Korea at the top of their group but they lost their last game 2–0 to Switzerland, which eliminated them from the tournament. Advocaat resigned after failing to reach the second round and was replaced by assistant coach Pim Verbeek, who had also worked under Hiddink during the 2002 World Cup.

2007–2010

South Korea's next major tournament was the 2007 Asian Cup. The team struggled in the group stages without key players Lee Young-pyo, Park Ji-sung, and Seol Ki-hyeon. The team drew its first game 1–1 against Saudi Arabia but suffered a shocking 1–2 defeat to Bahrain. They narrowly defeated co-host Indonesia in their final group game and managed to scrape through with four points. They defeated Iran in the quarterfinals via penalty shootout following a 0–0 draw. South Korea entered another penalty shootout after another goalless draw to Iraq but were defeated. They then beat Japan on penalties once more to gain third place. Later, it was discovered that during the tournament, four veteran players, including then captain Lee Woon-jae, broke team rules to go on a late-night drinking binge in an Indonesian bar. Each of the four players were banned from national team participation for at least two years.[13] Pim Verbeek resigned after the tournament, taking blame for the team's unsatisfactory performance as they had failed to score a single goal following the group stage and had to resort to penalties for three games in a row. He also criticized the unrealistic expectations from the fans.

Afterwards, South Korea chose its first South Korean coach since 2000 when Huh Jung-moo, who had coached the team in 2000, took the helm for the second time. Under his management, the South Korean team managed to win the 2008 East Asian Cup, go undefeated for 27 consecutive games in 2009, and qualify for the 2010 World Cup.

2010 FIFA World Cup

South Korea playing against Argentina at the FIFA World Cup, in June 2010.
South Korea national football team – October 2012

South Korea won the 2010 World Cup AFC qualification with 16 points – seven wins and seven draws in total. In the 2010 World Cup they were placed in Group B. They won their first game against Greece 2–0, with goals from Lee Jung-soo and Park Ji-sung. They then faced Argentina and suffered a large loss 4–1, including an own goal by forward Park Chu-young. They then obtained a 2–2 draw in a match against Nigeria, with Lee Jung-Soo scoring in the tournament once more and Park Chu-young redeeming his own goal from the previous game by scoring from a free-kick. This allowed them to make it to the second round for the first time on foreign soil. In the knockout stage they met Uruguay, who took an early lead with a goal from Luis Suárez. South Korea equalized in the second half after Lee Chung-yong scored his second goal of the tournament but South Korea conceded another goal by Suárez in the 80th minute. Despite maintaining the majority of the possession in the second half, South Korea was unable to equalize again and were eliminated from the tournament.

2010–2014

Following the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Cho Kwang-rae took over as the coach. In the 2011 AFC Asian Cup they started out with a 2–1 victory over Bahrain. They drew 1–1 with Australia in their second game and finished the group stage with a 4–1 victory over India. South Korea finished with seven points but was second in the group after Australia on goal difference. They played Iran in the quarterfinals and after extra time beat them 1–0. They faced rivals Japan in the semi-finals. South Korea took the lead after Ki Sung-yueng converted a penalty in the 23rd minute. Japan scored an equalizer and the game went to extra time. Japan went ahead during the first half of extra time but Korea scored an equalizer at the end of the game, forcing the game into penalties. Korea failed to score, with Japanese goalkeeper Eiji Kawashima saving two penalties and were beaten 3–0 in the penalty shoot-out. They defeated Uzbekistan 3–2 to earn third place for the second Asian Cup in a row. They managed to win the Fair Play Award and midfielder Koo Ja-cheol finished as the tournament's top scorer with five goals.

Following the Asian Cup, key players Park Ji-sung and Lee Young-pyo retired and the team's performance began to decline. Following a humiliating 3–0 loss to Japan and a shocking 1–2 loss to Lebanon in Beirut, Cho was unceremoniously sacked despite an initial 6–0 victory over Lebanon on home soil. He was hurriedly replaced with Choi Kang-hee with the task of qualifying for the 2014 World Cup as the team was in jeopardy of breaking its long-running streak of World Cup qualifications. Under Choi South Korea narrowly qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil by finishing second in their group via goal difference. Choi's contract was up after the conclusion of the qualification matches and was replaced by former player Hong Myung-bo, who had captained the 2002 World Cup team and coached the under-23 team to a bronze medal finish at the 2012 Olympics. Despite high expectations under Hong, South Korea continued its run of poor form. A victory against Costa Rica was followed by losses to Mexico and the United States and shortly prior to the World Cup the team registered dismal losses against Tunisia and Ghana.

2014 FIFA World Cup

South Korea started its World Cup campaign against Russia, with forward Lee Keun-ho scoring in the second half after coming on as a substitute for Park Chu-young. Russia equalized six minutes later and the game ended in a 1–1 draw. South Korea suffered a 4–2 loss to Algeria in their second game, conceding three goals by half time with no shots on goal. Son Heung-min and Koo Ja-cheol both scored goals in the second half but the South Koreans were unable to equalize, leaving them at the bottom of their group. Their final game was against Belgium and despite Belgian midfielder Steven Defour earning a red card in the match they were able to win 1–0, eliminating South Korea and leaving them without a single win for the first time since 1998.

The team's poor performance resulted in a hostile reaction from fans, who threw toffees at them upon their return.[14] Hong was heavily criticized for the perceived lack of strategy and team selection controversies. Following the World Cup, Hong initially intended to continue in his position until the 2015 Asian Cup, but relented and resigned under heavy media pressure along with several KFA associates in responsibility for the failures at the World Cup. The KFA reinstated Lee Yong-soo as its technical committee director, who held the same position during Hiddink's success in 2002.

2015–2018

Following its poor showing at the 2014 World Cup, the South Korean team's rank, as well as public support of the team, continued to decline. The team was ranked 57th before the tournament and dropped to a low of 69th by the end of the year, their worst ever. After initial negotiations with Bert van Marwijk broke down, the KFA appointed Uli Stielike in October as the new manager with a contract up to the 2018 FIFA World Cup. Shortly after the announcement, the national team managed a 3–1 victory over Venezuela, their first victory in almost nine months. However, they suffered a 0–1 loss to Uruguay shortly after. Stielike officially took over the team following the loss to Uruguay. Under his management, the team won its first game against Paraguay 2–0 but were beaten by Costa Rica 3–1 shortly after.

South Korea automatically qualified for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup due to their third-place finish in the 2011 tournament. They were drawn into Group A with host country Australia, Kuwait and Oman. They began the tournament with a 1–0 win over Oman, with Cho Young-cheol scoring the winning goal. They obtained another narrow 1–0 victory in their second game against Kuwait, the team's first back-to-back victory in over a year. The victory allowed the team to automatically qualify for the quarterfinals, but their shaky performance was criticized. In their final group stage match South Korea managed to find its form and defeated host and tournament favorites Australia with the same result in their final group stage match and qualified to the knockout stage as the Group A winner. However, key players Koo Ja-cheol and Lee Chung-yong suffered injuries and had to leave the tournament. South Korea defeated Uzbekistan in the quarter-finals with two goals from Son Heung-min in extra time and advanced to semi-finals for the tenth time, a tournament record. Another 2–0 victory over Iraq in the semi-finals allowed them to advance to the final for the first time since 1988. In the final, South Korea faced Australia in a rematch of their group stage match. Australia took the lead in the first half but South Korea managed to equalize in the final minutes of the game, forcing the match into extra time. However, Australia managed to score again, defeating South Korea 2–1.[15] Despite the loss in the final, the team was praised for its performance as they had managed to reach the final without conceding any goals. Public confidence, which had fallen to an all-time low following the World Cup, was restored and the team was given a hero's welcome upon their return.[16]

For the combined qualification matches for the 2018 FIFA World Cup and the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, South Korea was drawn with Kuwait, Lebanon, Myanmar, and Laos in Group G of the second round. After winning seven matches without conceding a goal, South Korea qualified for the third round of the AFC qualifiers for the 2018 World Cup. Following a series of poor results in the third round of qualifiers, including defeats to China and Qatar, head coach Uli Stielike was sacked and was replaced by former U-20 and U-23 coach Shin Tae-yong for the remainder of the qualifying round.[17] Under Shin, the team managed to qualify as the second-placed team in their group following two goalless draws against Iran and Uzbekistan, sending South Korea to the World Cup for the ninth consecutive time.[18]

2018 FIFA World Cup

South Korea national team at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia

At the 2018 FIFA World Cup they were placed in Group F, where they finished in third place with three points. They lost their first game against Sweden 1–0. They then faced Mexico and lost 2–1. However, despite their two consecutive losses, South Korea was not eliminated just yet. To have any chance of advancing, South Korea would have to win their final group stage match against defending champion Germany by at least two goals and Mexico would have to defeat Sweden in its last group stage game.[19] Surprisingly, South Korea for its part did what it had to do to stay in contention and won 2–0 against Germany, causing them to be eliminated in the first round for the first time in 80 years. However, Mexico lost to Sweden that same day and thus South Korea ultimately finished third in the group, eliminating them despite their victory over Germany. Germany had 28 shots with 6 on target, but the South Koreans' defense, led by keeper Jo Hyeon-woo, did not concede once.[20][21][22]

2019–2022

South Korea participated at the 2019 AFC Asian Cup and was drawn into the Group C along with China and two debutants, Kyrgyzstan and the Philippines. The team started with a 1–0 wins over the Philippines and Kyrgyzstan and sealed their place in the knockout round. The team topped the group with a 2–0 win over China, finishing with nine points.[23] In the Round of 16, South Korea eliminated Bahrain 2–1 after extra time with a goals by Hwang Hee-chan and Kim Jin-su.[24] However, the team was eliminated in quarter-finals by the eventual tournament winners Qatar.[25]

Competitive record

     Champions       Runners-up       Third place        Fourth place  

FIFA World Cup

FIFA World Cup record Qualification record
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA Squad GP W D L GF GA
Brazil 1950 Did not enter
Switzerland 1954 Group stage 16th 2 0 0 2 0 16 Squad 2 1 1 0 7 3
Sweden 1958 Preliminary competition entry denied[26]
Chile 1962 Did not qualify 4 2 0 2 6 9
England 1966 Did not enter
Mexico 1970 Did not qualify 4 1 2 1 6 5
Flag of West Germany; Flag of Germany (1990–1996).svg 1974 8 3 4 1 10 4
Argentina 1978 12 5 6 1 16 9
Spain 1982 3 2 0 1 7 4
Mexico 1986 Group stage 20th 3 0 1 2 4 7 Squad 8 7 0 1 17 3
Italy 1990 22nd 3 0 0 3 1 6 Squad 11 9 2 0 30 1
United States 1994 20th 3 0 2 1 4 5 Squad 13 9 3 1 32 5
France 1998 30th 3 0 1 2 2 9 Squad 12 9 2 1 28 8
South Korea Japan 2002 Fourth place 4th 7 3 2 2 8 6 Squad Qualified as hosts
Germany 2006 Group stage 17th 3 1 1 1 3 4 Squad 12 7 3 2 18 7
South Africa 2010 Round of 16 15th 4 1 1 2 6 8 Squad 14 7 7 0 22 7
Brazil 2014 Group stage 27th 3 0 1 2 3 6 Squad 14 8 3 3 27 11
Russia 2018 19th 3 1 0 2 3 3 Squad 18 12 3 3 38 10
Qatar 2022 To be determined 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Fourth place 10/18[a] 34 6 9 19 34 70 135 82 36 17 264 86

Olympic Games

Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.
Summer Olympic Games record Qualification record
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA Squad GP W D L GF GA
United Kingdom 1948 Quarter-finals 8th 2 1 0 1 5 15 Squad Directly qualified
Finland 1952 Did not enter
Australia 1956 Did not qualify 2 1 0 1 2 2
Italy 1960 4 2 0 2 4 4
Japan 1964 Group stage 14th 3 0 0 3 1 20 Squad 4 2 1 1 7 4
Mexico 1968 Did not qualify 5 4 1 0 17 5
Flag of West Germany; Flag of Germany (1990–1996).svg 1972 4 3 0 1 16 2
Canada 1976 6 3 2 1 10 5
Soviet Union 1980 6 4 0 2 16 6
United States 1984 11 5 3 3 19 11
South Korea 1988 Group stage 11th 3 0 2 1 1 2 Squad Qualified as hosts
1992–present See South Korea national under-23 football team
Total Quarter-finals 3/11[a] 8 1 2 5 7 37 42 24 7 11 91 39

FIFA Confederations Cup

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA Squad
Saudi Arabia 1992 Did not enter
Saudi Arabia 1995 Did not qualify
Saudi Arabia 1997
Mexico 1999
South KoreaJapan 2001 Group stage 5th 3 2 0 1 3 6 Squad
France 2003 Did not qualify
Germany 2005
South Africa 2009
Brazil 2013
Russia 2017
Total Group stage 1/10 3 2 0 1 3 6

AFC Asian Cup

AFC Asian Cup record Qualification record
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA Squad GP W D L GF GA
British Hong Kong 1956 Champions 1st 3 2 1 0 9 6 Squad 4 4 0 0 9 1
South Korea 1960 Champions 1st 3 3 0 0 9 1 Squad Qualified as hosts
Israel 1964 Third place 3rd 3 1 0 2 2 4 Squad 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pahlavi dynasty 1968 Did not qualify 4 1 1 2 9 4
Flag of Thailand (TIS 982 draft standard).svg 1972 Runners-up 2nd 5 1 2 2 7 6 Squad 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pahlavi dynasty 1976 Did not qualify 4 2 0 2 3 3
Kuwait 1980 Runners-up 2nd 6 4 1 1 12 6 Squad 3 3 0 0 10 1
Singapore 1984 Group stage 9th 4 0 2 2 1 3 Squad 4 3 1 0 13 0
Qatar 1988 Runners-up 2nd 6 5 1 0 11 3 Squad 3 1 1 1 5 3
Japan 1992 Did not qualify 2 1 0 1 7 2
United Arab Emirates 1996 Quarter-finals 7th 4 1 1 2 7 11 Squad 3 3 0 0 17 0
Lebanon 2000 Third place 3rd 6 3 1 2 9 6 Squad 3 3 0 0 19 0
China 2004 Quarter-finals 6th 4 2 1 1 9 4 Squad 6 4 0 2 30 4
IndonesiaMalaysiaFlag of Thailand (TIS 982 draft standard).svgVietnam 2007 Third place 3rd 6 1 4 1 3 3 Squad 6 3 2 1 15 5
Qatar 2011 Third Place 3rd 6 4 2 0 13 7 Squad Directly qualified
Australia 2015 Runners-up 2nd 6 5 0 1 8 2 Squad Directly qualified
United Arab Emirates 2019 Quarter-finals 5th 5 4 0 1 6 2 Squad 8 8 0 0 27 0
China 2023 To be determined 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 2 titles 14/17 67 36 16 15 106 64 50 36 5 9 164 23

Asian Games

Football at the Asian Games has been an under-23 tournament since 2002.
Asian Games record
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA Squad
India 1951 Did not enter
Philippines 1954 Runners-up 2nd 4 1 2 1 15 12 Squad
Japan 1958 Runners-up 2nd 5 4 0 1 15 6 Squad
Indonesia 1962 Runners-up 2nd 5 4 0 1 9 5 Squad
Flag of Thailand (TIS 982 draft standard).svg 1966 Round 1 11th 2 0 0 2 0 4 Squad
Flag of Thailand (TIS 982 draft standard).svg 1970 Champions 1st 6 3 2 1 5 3 Squad
Iran 1974 Round 2 8th 5 1 1 3 4 10 Squad
Flag of Thailand (TIS 982 draft standard).svg 1978 Champions 1st 7 6 1 0 15 3 Squad
India 1982 Group stage 9th 3 1 0 2 4 3 Squad
South Korea 1986 Champions 1st 6 4 2 0 14 3 Squad
China 1990 Third place 3rd 6 5 0 1 18 1 Squad
Japan 1994 Fourth place 4th 6 3 0 3 17 7 Squad
Flag of Thailand (TIS 982 draft standard).svg 1998 Quarter-finals 6th 6 4 0 2 12 6 Squad
2002–present See South Korea national under-23 football team
Total 3 titles 12/13 61 36 8 17 128 63

EAFF East Asian Cup / Dynasty Cup

Dynasty Cup record
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA Squad
China 1990 Champions 1st 4 3 1 0 5 1 Squad
China 1992 Runners-up 2nd 4 1 3 0 5 3 Squad
Hong Kong 1995 Runners-up 2nd 4 1 3 0 6 5 Squad
Japan 1998 Third place 3rd 3 2 0 1 4 3 Squad
Total 1 title 4/4 15 7 7 1 20 12
EAFF East Asian Cup record
Year Result Position GP W D L GF GA Squad
Japan 2003 Champions 1st 3 2 1 0 4 1 Squad
South Korea 2005 Fourth place 4th 3 0 2 1 1 2 Squad
China 2008 Champions 1st 3 1 2 0 5 4 Squad
Japan 2010 Runners-up 2nd 3 2 0 1 8 4 Squad
South Korea 2013 Third place 3rd 3 0 2 1 1 2 Squad
China 2015 Champions 1st 3 1 2 0 3 1 Squad
Japan 2017 Champions 1st 3 2 1 0 7 3 Squad
South Korea 2019 To be determined
Total 4 titles 7/7 21 8 10 3 29 17
  1. ^ a b Statistics since 1948, when South Korea became a member of FIFA.

Team image

Kits and crest

Red is the traditional shirt color of the South Korean national team, who are consequently nicknamed "the Reds", while the fans are called "the Red Devils". The away shirt has varied between white and blue. In 1994, the home shirt shifted from red to white, but in October 1995, red returned as home color, paired with black shorts.

South Korea used to wear the South Korean flag as their shirt badge until 2001, when their tiger crest was unveiled.[27]

Kit suppliers

Kit supplier Period Notes
Adidas, Asics, Kolon Sports
Prospecs, Weekend
1977–1985 Adidas was South Korea's first official kit sponsor.
At that time, Didn't have exculsive kit sponsor.[28]
Weekend
1985–1988 Sportswear brand of Samsung C&T Corporation[29]
Rapido
1988–1995 Weekend was renamed Rapido in January 1988[30]
Nike
1996–present Sponsorship Contract Date: End of 1995[31]
Contract Start Date: 1 January 1996

Kit deals

Kit supplier Period Contract
announcement
Contract
duration
Value Notes
Nike
1996–present
1995–12–??
1996–1997 (2 years) Total $3.0 million[32]
($1.5 million per year)
1997–12–16
1998–2002 (5 years) Total $38 million[33][34][35]
($7.6 million per year)
2003–01–09
2003–2007 (5 years) Total $50 million[36]
($10 million per year)
2007–12–23
2008–2011 (4 years) Total $49 million[37]
($12.25 million per year)
2012–01–13
2012–2019 (8 years) Total $120 million[38]
($15 million per year)

Supporters

The official supporter group of the national team, the Red Devils, were founded in 1995. Known for their passionate support, they are commonly referred to as the 12th man.[9] Their most common chant is "대~한민국 (Dae~han Minguk, meaning "Mighty Republic of Korea)" followed by five claps. The FIFA Fan Fest was introduced at the 2002 FIFA World Cup in South Korea. .

Rivalries

The traditional rival of South Korea is Japan. The football rivalry is long-seated and is often seen as an extension of an overall rivalry that runs deep between the two nations. Controversies occasionally flare up in matches between the two nations.

South Korea also possesses a strong rivalry with North Korea, though matches are infrequent due to diplomatic and security reasons.

South Korea has had great success against China, with China failing to defeat them in 28 competitive matches before finally winning a game in 2010.

Recently, a rivalry has also developed with Iran.[39] They have played against each other officially since 1958, totalling 31 matches as of June 2019, including nine World Cup qualifiers. These two teams were among the strongest Asian national football teams during the 1960s and 1970s. Although the teams only had one chance to play against each other in the final match of the AFC Asian Cup, in 1972, they have faced each other five consecutive times in the quarter-finals between 1996 and 2011, with each team recording two wins, two losses, and a draw. Iran leads the all-time series with 13 wins, 9 draws and 9 losses.

Recent results and fixtures

  Win   Draw   Loss

2018

2019

2020

Coaching staff

Position Name
Manager Portugal Paulo Bento
Assistant Manager Portugal Sérgio Costa
Assistant Coach Portugal Filipe Coelho
Assistant Coach Canada Michael Kim
Assistant Coach South Korea Choi Tae-uk
Goalkeeping Coach Portugal Vítor Silvestre
Fitness Coach Portugal Pedro Pereira

Players

Current squad

Squad for the matches against Australia on 7 June 2019 and Iran on 11 June 2019.
Caps and goals updated as of 11 June 2019, after the match against Iran.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Kim Seung-gyu (1990-09-30) 30 September 1990 (age 28) 44 0 South Korea Ulsan Hyundai
21 1GK Jo Hyeon-woo (1991-09-25) 25 September 1991 (age 27) 13 0 South Korea Daegu FC
12 1GK Gu Sung-yun (1994-06-27) 27 June 1994 (age 25) 0 0 Japan Hokkaido Consadole Sapporo

19 2DF Kim Young-gwon (Vice-Captain) (1990-02-27) 27 February 1990 (age 29) 71 3 Japan Gamba Osaka
2 2DF Lee Yong (1986-12-24) 24 December 1986 (age 32) 43 0 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
3 2DF Kim Jin-su (1992-06-13) 13 June 1992 (age 27) 39 1 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
14 2DF Hong Chul (1990-09-17) 17 September 1990 (age 28) 28 0 South Korea Suwon Samsung Bluewings
4 2DF Kim Min-jae (1996-11-15) 15 November 1996 (age 22) 21 2 China Beijing Guoan
20 2DF Kwon Kyung-won (1992-01-31) 31 January 1992 (age 27) 10 1 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
23 2DF Kim Moon-hwan (1995-08-01) 1 August 1995 (age 24) 8 0 South Korea Busan IPark
15 2DF Kim Tae-hwan (1989-07-24) 24 July 1989 (age 30) 5 0 South Korea Ulsan Hyundai
5 2DF Park Ji-soo (1994-06-13) 13 June 1994 (age 25) 1 0 China Guangzhou Evergrande

7 3MF Son Heung-min (Captain) (1992-07-08) 8 July 1992 (age 27) 81 24 England Tottenham Hotspur
10 3MF Lee Jae-sung (1992-08-10) 10 August 1992 (age 27) 45 8 Germany Holstein Kiel
13 3MF Kim Bo-kyung (1989-10-06) 6 October 1989 (age 29) 36 4 South Korea Ulsan Hyundai
11 3MF Hwang Hee-chan (1996-01-26) 26 January 1996 (age 23) 27 3 Austria Red Bull Salzburg
8 3MF Ju Se-jong (1990-10-30) 30 October 1990 (age 28) 23 1 South Korea Asan Mugunghwa
6 3MF Hwang In-beom (1996-09-20) 20 September 1996 (age 22) 16 1 Canada Vancouver Whitecaps FC
18 3MF Lee Seung-woo (1998-01-06) 6 January 1998 (age 21) 11 0 Italy Hellas Verona
17 3MF Na Sang-ho (1996-08-12) 12 August 1996 (age 23) 6 0 Japan FC Tokyo
22 3MF Lee Jin-hyun (1997-08-26) 26 August 1997 (age 21) 3 0 South Korea Pohang Steelers
24 3MF Son Jun-ho (1992-05-12) 12 May 1992 (age 27) 3 0 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
25 3MF Paik Seung-ho (1997-03-17) 17 March 1997 (age 22) 1 0 Spain Girona

16 4FW Hwang Ui-jo (1992-08-28) 28 August 1992 (age 26) 27 8 France Bordeaux
9 4FW Lee Jeong-hyeop (1991-06-24) 24 June 1991 (age 28) 20 5 South Korea Busan IPark

Recent call-ups

The following players have also been called up to the South Korea squad within the last twelve months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Kim Jin-hyeon (1987-07-06) 6 July 1987 (age 32) 16 0 Japan Cerezo Osaka 2019 AFC Asian Cup
GK Song Bum-keun (1997-10-15) 15 October 1997 (age 21) 0 0 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors v.  Chile, 11 September 2018

DF Choi Chul-soon (1987-02-18) 18 February 1987 (age 32) 11 0 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors v.  Colombia, 26 March 2019
DF Jung Seung-hyun (1994-04-03) 3 April 1994 (age 25) 8 0 Japan Kashima Antlers v.  Bolivia, 22 March 2019
DF Park Joo-ho (1987-01-16) 16 January 1987 (age 32) 39 1 South Korea Ulsan Hyundai Ulsan Training Camp, December 2018
DF Lee You-hyeon (1997-02-08) 8 February 1997 (age 22) 0 0 South Korea Jeonnam Dragons v.  Uzbekistan, 20 November 2018
DF Jang Hyun-soo (1991-09-28) 28 September 1991 (age 27) 58 3 Saudi Arabia Al-Hilal v.  Panama, 16 October 2018 SUS
DF Yun Suk-young (1990-02-13) 13 February 1990 (age 29) 13 0 South Korea Gangwon FC v.  Chile, 11 September 2018
DF Yun Young-sun (1988-10-04) 4 October 1988 (age 30) 7 0 South Korea Ulsan Hyundai v.  Chile, 11 September 2018

MF Kwon Chang-hoon (1994-06-30) 30 June 1994 (age 25) 18 4 Germany SC Freiburg v.  Australia, 7 June 2019 INJ
MF Lee Chung-yong (1988-07-02) 2 July 1988 (age 31) 89 9 Germany VfL Bochum v.  Colombia, 26 March 2019 INJ
MF Jung Woo-young (1989-12-14) 14 December 1989 (age 29) 44 2 Qatar Al-Sadd v.  Colombia, 26 March 2019 INJ
MF Kim Jung-min (1999-11-13) 13 November 1999 (age 19) 1 0 Austria FC Liefering v.  Colombia, 26 March 2019
MF Lee Kang-in (2001-02-19) 19 February 2001 (age 18) 0 0 Spain Valencia v.  Colombia, 26 March 2019
MF Ki Sung-yueng (1989-01-24) 24 January 1989 (age 30) 110 10 England Newcastle United 2019 AFC Asian Cup RET
MF Koo Ja-cheol (1989-02-27) 27 February 1989 (age 30) 76 19 Qatar Al-Gharafa 2019 AFC Asian Cup RET
MF Kim Joon-hyung (1996-04-05) 5 April 1996 (age 23) 0 0 South Korea Gwangju FC 2019 AFC Asian Cup PRE
MF Jang Yun-ho (1996-08-25) 25 August 1996 (age 22) 0 0 South Korea Incheon United Ulsan Training Camp, December 2018
MF Han Seung-gyu (1996-09-28) 28 September 1996 (age 22) 0 0 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Ulsan Training Camp, December 2018
MF Nam Tae-hee (1991-07-03) 3 July 1991 (age 28) 44 6 Qatar Al-Sadd v.  Uzbekistan, 20 November 2018 INJ

FW Ji Dong-won (1991-05-28) 28 May 1991 (age 28) 55 11 Germany Mainz 05 v.  Bolivia, 22 March 2019 INJ
FW Moon Seon-min (1992-06-09) 9 June 1992 (age 27) 11 2 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Ulsan Training Camp, December 2018
FW Kim Seung-dae (1991-04-01) 1 April 1991 (age 28) 5 1 South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Ulsan Training Camp, December 2018
FW Cho Young-wook (1999-02-05) 5 February 1999 (age 20) 0 0 South Korea FC Seoul Ulsan Training Camp, December 2018
FW Kim In-sung (1989-09-09) 9 September 1989 (age 29) 0 0 South Korea Ulsan Hyundai Ulsan Training Camp, December 2018
FW Suk Hyun-jun (1991-06-29) 29 June 1991 (age 28) 15 5 France Reims v.  Uzbekistan, 20 November 2018

SUS Suspended from national team.
INJ Withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
RET Retired from national team.
PRE Preliminary squad.

All-time best eleven

In 2010, the following eleven players were chosen into the South Korean "All Time Best XI" team by 25 South Korean experts (15 K League managers, 5 commentators and 5 journalists).[41]

Goalkeeper

Defenders

Midfielders

Forwards

Honours

Worldwide competitions

Fourth place: 2002
Most Entertaining Team: 2002

Continental competitions

Winners: 1956, 1960
Runners-up: 1972, 1980, 1988, 2015
Third place: 1964, 2000, 2007, 2011
1st, gold medalist(s) Gold Medal: 1970, 1978, 1986
2nd, silver medalist(s) Silver Medal: 1954, 1958, 1962
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Bronze Medal: 1990
Fourth place: 1994
Fourth place: 2002

Regional competitions

Winners: 2003, 2008, 2015, 2017
Runners-up: 2010
Third place: 2013
Fourth place: 2005
Winners: 1990
Runners-up: 1992, 1995
Third place: 1998

Head-to-head records

As of 11 June 2019, after the match against Iran.[42]

Key
Positive balance (more wins)
Neutral balance (equal W/L ratio)
Negative balance (more losses)
  1. ^ Including Khmer Republic.
  2. ^ Including the Federation of Malaya.
  3. ^ Including Burma.
  4. ^ Including FR Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro.
  5. ^ Including North Yemen.

Team record

See also

References

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  2. ^ Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 30 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  3. ^ "첫 A 매치 골 주인공은 故정남식·정국진씨" (in Korean). Kukmin Ilbo. 5 August 2007.
  4. ^ Wright, Rob (6 June 2018). "World Cup 2018: Why you should follow South Korea".
  5. ^ "Red Devils". EncyKorea.
  6. ^ a b c d Hong, Fan (2016). Sport and Nationalism in Asia: Power, Politics and Identity. Routledge. pp. 93–97. ISBN 9781317574019.
  7. ^ "Korea Football Association::::". KFA. Archived from the original on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  8. ^ "Korea Football Association | SportsKnowHow.com". www.sportsknowhow.com. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
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  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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  19. ^ "FIFA World Cup 2018: South Korea have one percent chance of staying in the tournament, says midfielder Ju Se-jong". Firstpost. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Holders Germany crash out of World Cup after losing 2-0 to South Korea". Sky News. Sky UK. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  21. ^ Emons, Michael (27 June 2018). "Germany knocked out of 2018 World Cup". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  22. ^ Kyung-don, Joo (27 June 2018). "(World Cup) S. Korea stun Germany, still out of tournament". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  23. ^ Yuvraj Chettri (16 January 2019). "AFC Asian Cup 2019: 5 talking points as Korea Republic beat China 2–0 to top Group C". FOX Sports Asia. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
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  26. ^ "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  27. ^ ""호랑이 한국축구 새얼굴" .. 축구協 엠블럼 공식발표".
  28. ^ 대표선수도 국제경기서 버젓이 서독 아디다스, 일본 미즈노등 외제 스포츠용품 국내시장 석권 (in Korean). Kyunghyang Sinmun. 27 February 1981.
  29. ^ 필승!위크엔드스포츠-멕시코월드컵에서 대표팀과 함께 뜁니다 (in Korean). Kyunghyang Newspaper. 30 May 1986.
  30. ^ 월드컵 상혼 장외서 뜨거운 "광고전쟁" (in Korean). Kyunghyang Newspaper. 20 June 1990.
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  32. ^ "한국축구, 나이키와 500억 후원계약". sports.news.naver.com.
  33. ^ "네이버 뉴스 라이브러리". NAVER Newslibrary.
  34. ^ "네이버 뉴스 라이브러리". NAVER Newslibrary.
  35. ^ 태극전사 유니폼 스폰서 교체여부 관심
  36. ^ "나이키와 5백억 후원계약 .. 축구대표팀 2007년까지". sports.news.naver.com.
  37. ^ "나이키, 축구대표팀 유니폼 후원 490억원에 4년 연장". sports.news.naver.com.
  38. ^ "축구대표 가슴 로고 값은 1200억원". news.jtbc.joins.com.
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  42. ^ "All-time record per countries". Korea Football Association (in Korean). Retrieved 15 December 2018.

External links

  • Korea Football Association (in Korean) (in English)
  • Korea Republic – FIFA
Preceded by
Inaugural Champion
Asian Champions
1956 (First title)
1960 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1964 Israel 
Preceded by
1964 Myanmar 
Asian Games Champions
1970 (First title)
Succeeded by
1974 Iran 
Preceded by
1974 Iran 
Asian Games Champions
1978 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1982 Iraq 
Preceded by
1982 Iraq 
Asian Games Champions
1986 (Third title)
Succeeded by
1990 Iran 
Preceded by
1985 Cameroon 
Afro-Asian Cup Champions
1988 (First title)
Succeeded by
1991 Algeria 
Preceded by
Inaugural Champion
EAFF Champions
2003 (First title)
Succeeded by
2005 China PR 
Preceded by
2005 China PR 
EAFF Champions
2008 (Second title)
Succeeded by
2010 China PR 
Preceded by
2013 Japan 
EAFF Champions
2015 (Third title)
2017 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
2001 China PR 
AFC Men's Team of the Year
2002
Succeeded by
2003 Iraq 
Preceded by
2008 Japan 
AFC Men's Team of the Year
2009
Succeeded by
2010 Japan